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"Good" and "Bad" Advice
Transcript of "Good" and "Bad" Advice
Doesn't help recipient cope with problem
Isn't likely to be implemented "Bad" Advice Previous research provides 5 types of recommendations for advice givers who want to give "good" advice: Guidelines for giving "good" advice Pros: Beneficial
reduction in stress
enhanced relationship Pros and Cons/implications for giving advice Needed, Wanted, and well Timed? Contextual Appropriateness: Who Are You, Anyway? Source of Advice: Don't Boss or Belittle Me Style of Advice: Language (style) with which the advice is presented may ameliorate threats into competence or autonomy. give me something I can use Content of Advice: Is it all about me? Recipient: Cons: Negative Outcomes
undermine independent coping methods
damage relationship Key: perceived positively by its recipient
helps recipient cope with problem
likely to be implemented Critique Advising the Advice Giver Remember, someone who really wants advice can ask for it Don't assume that every person who has a problem needs or wants advice. Questions to ask yourself before giving advice: Try as much as possible to consider not just why you think the action is a good one, but also how the other person is likely to view it. Do think very carefully about the action(s) you are going to advise. Research has indicated that responses to advice are influenced by the source's characteristics of: Expertise Confidence Closeness Consider the recipient's perceptions of these characteristics
-If you're lacking in expertise/confidence, your advice is less likely to be appreciated or heeded
If you're lacking in closeness, give advice sparingly to strangers and acquaintances Implications of Source Characteristics: Hold back on giving advice if you aren't a well qualified source. Do you have any real expertise with the regard to the person's problem?
Do you have a close relationship with the person?
If not, you are likely to do better if you listen to the person talk about the situation and express interest and concern when appropriate.
Once you understand the situation a little more fully, some advice might be appropriate assuming you have some sort of expertise on which to base your advice (i.e. past experiences) In early communication research, studies have focused on how advice was given, especially the extent on which advice messages threatened the recipients face, or public image. There were two especially problematic face threats. - Recipients may perceive the advice as putting too many constraints on their freedom of action. -Recipient feels that their competence has been called into question. Be relevant Give advice in the form of suggestions ("One possibility is")
Less threatening advice facilitates coping and is likely to be implemented
Avoid Implicit/explicit attacks on recipient
Remember action is up to them The people you give advice to may not see it the way you do, and if they don't, they will be unlikely to appreciate your advice. Ask the person you are giving advice to about their views on the situation. Remember, It's their life. Need for Advice
Effective advice begins with the decision about whether and when to give advice Desire for Advice
Be aware of whether your advice is wanted or not Interactional Sequencing of Advice
Providing emotional support prior to giving advice can reduce emotional distress
This creates a more comforting environment to solve this problem. Researchers still want to know what people themselves identify as factors that influence their responses to advice
Are there ways to predict advice evaluation and related outcomes? Studies show that gender does not effect the overall evaluations of advice
they are influences by content and style of the advice
Another study looked at cultural influences and found that they did not have significant differences in their responses to the advice giver and content.
The research of personality traits have shown both small effects and no effect at all. There will be situations where the best advice you can give is to listen and give out emotional support Examples:
Friend losing his job
Friend losing a significant other Even if there is an opening to provide advice, sometimes it is better off to resist the temptation of giving advice The giver of advice should attempt to assess the distress of the individual that needs advice
they should ask questions like "you okay?" or "How do you feel about that?"
These types of questions allow the adviser to know what is the best thing to do or say to help the person in need of advice. Do remember that advice can be a powerful force for either good or bad, and use your best moral judgement. advice is a form of persuasion and you have to be careful about how you use advice.
such as when a friend states that they have 100% certainty of something
if it doesn't work out it can be bad for you and the friend you advised
advice is also an important form of support and is often expected in close relationships
there needs to be advice even though it can be challenging. Exercise Sensitivity in Advice Giving Efficacy and lack of limitations are the most important influences in determining good advice Detailed explanations of feasibility, efficacy and limitations can improve the perception that the advised have about your recommendations Adapt your advise to the perception of the advised but in turn attempt to influence his perception to become a better advice giver For instance, phrase advise in terms of "I would" instead of "you should" Frame admonishments in positive terms Don't make the advised feel patronized, criticized or bossed around NEW STUDY - what does the recipient consider good advice?
used self-surveys to recount instances of good vs. bad advice
results led to new list of do's and don'ts for advice givers