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Transcript of History
Nur Lutfiah (12)
Bonita Ong (13)
Vinnie Heng (15) Richness of Arts in China:
Pottery and Porcelain What is Porcelain? Porcelain is a translucent, white ceramic used to make plates cups, vase etc. What is Porcelain? More facts on Porcelain! The earliest stage of porcelain first appeared around 16th centuy in between Shang Dynasty (17th- llth century BC) Porcelain first came about during the Han Dynasty Some more Facts on Porcelain! First pottery to last till now, found in large amounts through the exacavation of graves
Common type of ceramic product which is called "Hu"
Has two different type of porcelain Porcelain in Han Dynasty
(206 BCE-220 CE) HU Same name as bronze vessel
Decorated with relief oranaments in friezes taken directly from a bronze original Ceramic in Tang Dynasty Famous for energetically modeled and brightly coloured tomb figurines.
Since it is made just for burial, it is made from low-fired earthenware and shaped into horses, camels and civil officials which are very popular Sancai Also known as "three-colour"
Furnished tombs of the aritocracy
Developed during the seventh century How was the new colours in Sancai produce? New colours were produce by mixing metal oxides to a lead fluxed glaze Oxides included:
Iron=Amber/Brownish Yellow When mixed with a clear, cream glaze, they provided the three basic colour During the Song dynasty it is mostly focused on the art of making ceramic Song Dynasty The vessel shape, potting techniques , glaze, decoration, firing process and asthetic theory are allcombined to form a high standard of excellence The ceramics are more simpler and tends to be more monochromatic and subtle in design. Ceramics in Song Dynasty In terms of technical expertise, inventiveness, and aesthetic perfection of glaze and shape, the Song period stands unrivaled for the quality of its ceramic ware Ceramic in Yuan Dynasty The transitional age in the developemental history of China's porcelain Jingdezhen (Ching-te-chen) in Jiangxi Province became the centre of procelain production in the entire emipre Most porcelain in the yuan dynasty are underglaze blue and underglaze red wares, whereby the designs painted below is glazed in cobalt blue or copper red Unlike the ceramic in Song Dynasty which are simple and sedate, the ceramic in Yuan dynasty which are thick, heavy and characterised by great size At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) an imperial porcelain factory was established. Ceramics in Ming Dynasty Body Imperial wares were specially manufactured as it is used in court and marked with the reign mark of the emperor Peak of Chinese feudal society with :
Stability of society
Development of the economy providing profound material basis for producing pottery figurines Pottery & Figurines In The Tang Dynasty It is monochrome and underglaze blue which continued to be produced among the official wares of the Ming Dynasty. During the Ming period, they also exported porcelain around the world to an unprecedented scale Besides supplying porcelain for domestic use, he kilns at Jingdezhen which became the main production centre for large scale porcelain exports to Europe During that time, kaolin and pottery were mixed in equal porpotions wherby kaolin strengtens the wares and enchanced its whiteness, which are greatly wanted in blue and white wares Famous writers Han Yu & Liu ZongYuan promoted the ancient essay movement Top calligraphers created writing style with their own specialities Pottery figurines with different postures and images were just the result of learning from numerous art achievements. Thank You