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Catcher in the Rye: Topic 3 Project

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Anu Chillal

on 28 November 2013

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Transcript of Catcher in the Rye: Topic 3 Project

What's Bothering Holden?
Impact of death on family
“I was only thirteen, and they were gonna have me psychoanalyzed and all, because I broke all the windows in the garage. I don’t blame them. I really don’t. I slept in the garage the night he died, and I broke all the goddamn windows with my fist...My hand still hurts me once in a while”(Salinger 39)
“...I’m the only dumb one in the family. My brother D.B.’s a writer and all, and my brother Allie, the one that died, the one I told you about, was a wizard. I’m the only really dumb one”(Salinger 67)
Depression
5 stages of grieving
Stage 1
stage 2
Stage 3
stage 4
stage 5
Symptoms of PTSD
(Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
Moodiness/Irritability
Aggression
Loss of interest in activities/life
Sense of a limited future
Being emotionally numb
Depression/loneliness
DREAMS
D: Detachment
R: Rexperiences the event (in form of flashback/nightmare)
E: Event (see below)
A: A traumatic event that occurred
M: Monthlong or more (that symptoms have been present)
S: Sympathetic Hyperactivity: difficulties concentrating, feels sympathy for others
Possible Treatment of Holden
1940
2010
Electroshock for severe depression
Symptoms
The death of his brother, Allie, scarred Holden as a child and resulted in depression as well as other psychological disorders.
His brother’s death and the depression that resulted from it, caused Holden to do poorly in school and not really care about his future. Some may see his behavior as him just being a bad kid with no responsibility or discipline, but really, he is suffering from deep emotional problems.
self loath
"I felt so depressed, you can't imagine. What I did, I started talking, sort of out loud, to Allie. I do that sometimes when I get very depressed"(Salinger 98)
This proves what an impact Allie's death had on Holden
explain all details of the trauma + lead ups to death part-by-part
reminders of trauma are discussed: certain places/things/thoughts
get a clear picture of illogical & baseless thoughts that sprout up & help individual make the distinction between reality and his mind’s exaggeration
work through similar process but with family members to reach the same level of mutual understanding & improve familial relations to get needed support for the person
Locked the mentally ill in an institution, saw them as a shame to society
extreme stress is combated by using hand taps/eye movements to unfreeze brain activity combines physical movement with cognitive-behavioral therapy
Medication(FDA approved) certain antidepressantsare often used to treat PTSD only a few drugs approved currently: fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetineconstant use of these for over a year has yielded positive results reduced aggression,suicidal tendencies,anxiety,panic,and depression shown
Used medicines that were not approved or did not need approval.
pounding in temple
Fatigue
Trouble sleeping
Holden is touched by depression the first time when his younger brother,Allie dies.
The rest of his life he lived through the depression and was a lonesome person.
Holden had many friends in his life but none was close to him and he was never really able to talk about his feelings and has kept it all pent up inside.
denial and isolation
anger
bargaining
depression
acceptance
He also suffers from depression because Holden feels lonely in this world and feels that no one loves him for who he is
“I was only thirteen, and they were going to have me psychoanalyzed and all, because I broke all the windows in the garage. I don’t blame them. I really don’t. I slept in the garage the night he died, and I broke all the windows with my fist, just for the hell of it”(39).
-Holden sleeps in the garage the night that Allie dies
- reaction to feeling of helplessness and vulnerability
-example: if only we had gotten a better doctor to treat the illness...
two types:
1. sadness relating to loss
2. bid loved one farewell, more subtle
- readers can tell that Holden accepts Allie's death because he does not have a problem talking about his beloved brother

Although he may accept it, Holden still says, “my hand still hurts me once in a while, when it rains and all, and I can’t make a real fist anymore - not a tight one, I mean - but outside of that I don’t care much” (39).
.
Symptoms of PTSD Part 2
1. Moodiness/Irritability

“he turned off the light. He didn’t even look around to see where I was at. It was even depressing out in the street. You couldn’t even hear any cars any more. I got feeling so lonesome and rotten, I even felt like waking Ackley up.”(50)

Holden seems to be irritated by everyone around him - not just Ackley and Stradlater. He considers most people to be phonies, and unworthy of actual real converation.

2. Aggression

“I broke the windows in the garage.[...]I slept in the garage the night he died, and I broke the goddam windows with my fist, just for the hell of it. I even tried to break all the windows on the station wagon we had that summer”(Salinger 39)

He also fights with Stradlater over their conversation about Jane and he gets into a scuffle with Maurice over $5.
Symptoms of PTSD Part 1
   3.  Loss of interest in activities and life

“The whole lobby was empty. It smelled like fifty million dead cigars. It really did. I wasn’t sleepy or anything, but I was feeling sort of lousy. Depressed and all. I almost wished I were dead.”(90)   



  4. Sense of a limited future

“All I’m doing is thinking about going home Wednesday. I’m a moron.”(14)

“Oh, I feel some concern for my future, all right. Sure. Sure, I do.” I thought about it for a minute.”But not too much, I guess. Not too much, I guess.”(14)

He hasn’t mentioned anything about a future career or a potential profession up till now, or discussed anything remotely close to a passion about anything.    
5. Being emotionally numb

“Not yet, anyway. I guess it hasn’t really hit me yet.It takes things a while to hit me.”(14)

Other than his flashback of Allie, Holden doesn’t show that he was strongly emotionally connected to anyone except for his one expired stint with Jane.


6. Depression/loneliness

“They gave me this crumby room, with nothing to look out of the window at except the other side of the hotel. I didn’t care much. I was too depressed to care whether I had a good view or not.”(61)

“Okay,”I said. It was against my principals and all, but I was feeling so depressed I didn’t even think. That’s the whole trouble. When you’re feeling very depressed, you can’t even think.”(91)
PTSD Symptoms Part 3
.
.
For PTSD Treatment: 1940s

1. group/individual psychotherapy was used to treat ptsd,depression, other similar disorders by discussing traumas together with a (group)therapist

- goal was to find out what/why traumas caused unfavorable behavior
Current PTSD Treatment
1. Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral Therapy
-explain all details of the trauma + lead ups to death part-by-partreminders of trauma are discussed: certain places/things/thoughts get a clear picture of illogical & baseless thoughts that sprout up & help individual make the distinction between reality and his mind’s exaggeration    



  2. Family Therapy    
    - work through similar process but with family members to reach the same level of mutual understanding & improve familial relations to get needed support for the person
3. EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)
-extreme stress is combated by using hand taps/eye movements to unfreeze brain activity
-combines physical movement with cognitive-behavioral therapy

4. Medication

-(FDA approved) certain antidepressantsare often used to treat PTSD
-only a few drugs approved currently: fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine
-constant use of these for over a year has yielded positive results
-reduced aggression,suicidal tendencies,anxiety,panic,and depression shown
ex. Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil
Current PTSD Treatment
Full transcript