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Transcript of Bullying
lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans-identified,
two spirited is three times higher than heterosexual youth
(Canadian Institute of Health Research) Bullying Identifying the Problem Psychological Effects
of Bullying Bullying affects everyone involved - The victims, those who bully, and the bystanders. Non-physical bullying is just as serious as physical bullying!
(Isolation, Ostracism, Exclusion, Gossip, Verbal Aggression) Digital Citizenship What is digital citizenship?
Digital citizenship is a concept which teaches technology users what they should know to use technology appropriately. Digital citizenship teaches users how to become responsible users of technology. By showing users what is considered appropriate technology use, it enables them to decipher what is appropriate use of technology. So what are we allowed to do about it? Bullying in Canada Helping Parents Understand Bullying & Cyberbullying Homophobia and Racism in the Classroom How often do you hear: "That's so gay," or "Why can't we pick our own partners/groups?" Bystanders Let's talk Strategies and Resources Bullying has a long-lasting effect on the mental health of those involved.
- Victims may experience depression, anxiety, feelings of sadness and loneliness
- Bystanders may also experience depression and anxiety, and may turn to substances such as tobacco, alcohol, etc. as a result. Stress
Low self confidence
Agoraphobia Psychosomatic pain and Musculoskeletal health complaints
Anxiety Help kids understand bullying. Talk about what bullying is and how to stand up to it safely.
Tell kids bullying is unacceptable.
Make sure kids know how to get help Model how to treat others with kindness and respect. Encourage kids to do what they love. Special activities, interests, and hobbies can boost confidence, help kids make friends, and protect them from bullying behavior. Keep the lines of communication open. Check in with kids often.
Listen to them.
Know their friends.
Ask about school, and understand their concerns. Why is digital citizenship important? What the Law says: While bullying is not an offence under the Criminal Code of Canada (CCC), many of the behaviours that may be part of the bullying are.
These patterns of behaviour that are normalized as youth may have serious consequences, not only as a youth, but also when they are carried over into adulthood.
Criminal Harassment (CCC 264)
Mischief (CCC 430)
Theft (CCC 322)
Uttering threats (CCC 264.1)
Assault (CCC 265, CCC 266) [aggravated, sexual, weapon, or causing bodily harm]
Unauthorized use of a computer (CCC 342.1)
Robbery (CCC 343)
Extortion (CCC 346)
Forgery (CCC 366) Even though this particular story is not real it illustrates how the misuse of technology can have very dangerous consequences. Most of our students are currently using technology to communicate with one another (Facebook, Texting, Twitter) and in most cases have very little knowledge of what is considered to be appropriate use of this technology. Currently there is
nothing within the Saskatchewan curriculum that addresses the
concept of digital citizenship. Bill 14 2011
An Act to designate Bullying Awareness and Prevention Week in Schools and to provide for bullying prevention curricula, policies and administrative accountability in schools What the Education Act says: Do you believe a concept like digital citizenship should be put into the Saskatchewan curriculum? If so, in which grade and subject should it be introduced? Want to introduce digital citizenship to your students, but feel you do not have enough resources or knowledge, check out these two great resources:
http://www.digitalcitizenship.nsw.edu.au/ Digital Citizenship: Yes or No? Bullying Statistics Consequences for Youth Youth may be dealt with under the extrajudicial measures program [outside regular court procedures], or they may receive an extrajudicial sanction and a record. If they have to go to court, they may receive up to a two year maximum sentence for a single offence or three years for several offences plus a court record. For repeated violent offences and aggravated sexual assault, the crown may apply for a youth over 14 years of age to receive an adult sentence. At least 1 in 3 adolescent students have reported being bullied
47% of Canadian parents report having a child victim of bullying
38% of males and 30% females have reported experiencing occasional or frequent bullying during their school years Canadian Institute of Health Research Cyber- Bullying Statistics How could the bully be supported in a positive way to allow them to make behavioural changes and prevent future bullying? (a) causing physical or emotional harm to the other pupil or damage to the other pupil’s property,
(b) placing the other pupil in reasonable fear of harm to himself or herself or damage to his or her property,
(c) creating a hostile environment at school for the other pupil,
(d) infringing on the legal rights of the other pupil at school, or
(e) materially and substantially disrupting the education process or the orderly operation of a school; (“intimidation”) Subsection 1 (1) of the Education Act provides the following definition:
“bullying” means the severe or repeated use by one or more pupils of a written, verbal, electronic or other form of expression, physical act, gesture or any combination of them if it is directed at another pupil and if it has the effect of or is reasonably intended to have the effect of: (1.2) Without limiting the generality of the definition of “bullying” in subsection (1), bullying includes bullying, known as cyber-bullying, that is done through any form of electronic means using any technique, including,
(a) creating a web page or a blog in which the creator assumes the identity of another person;
(b) impersonating another person as the author of posted content or messages; and
(c) communicating material to more than one person or posting material on an electronic medium that may be accessed by one or more persons. Cyber-bullying How would a victim be protected? So, what is the school's role? When schools try and get involved by disciplining the student for cyberbullying actions that took place off-campus and outside of school hours, they are often sued for exceeding their authority and violating the student's free speech right.
They also, often lose.
Schools can be very effective brokers in working with the parents to stop and remedy cyberbullying situations. They can also educate the students on cyberethics and the law.
A possible solution is to add a provision to the school's acceptable use policy reserving the right to discipline the student for actions taken off-campus if they are intended to have an effect on a student or they adversely affect the safety and well-being of student while in school. This makes it a contractual, not a constitutional, issue. The most common form of cyber-bullying involved receiving threatening or aggressive emails or instant messages 73%
1 in 10 adults reported a child 8-18 living in their household was being cyber- bullied
In 7 out of 10 cases cyber- bullies are female
Stats Canada If there is any indication that personal contact information has been posted online, or any threats are made to your child, go to your local law enforcement agency (not the FBI). Take a print-out of all instances of cyberbullying to show them, but note that a print-out is not sufficient to prove a case of cyber-harassment or cyberbullying. You'll need electronic evidence and live data for that. Don't stand by, stand up Questions we must ask
ourselves How many students feel bullying interferes with their education?
How many students do not feel safe at school?
How often do teachers actually realize that bullying is taking place?
What preventative measures does your school have in place to stop bullying?
How are these measures being enforced? Bullying Hotspots It is important to understand that bullying can take place anywhere in the school even right under your nose but we have identified certain hotspots that bullying is more likely to take place within a school.
Commons Area/ Cafeteria
School Entrances Substantial increase in anxiety disorders, depression and conduct disorders in both young men and women almost two decades after being frequently bullied at age 8 years (Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health) Here are five main emphases in the management of bullying, which include the following:
Special targeting of girls who are frequently victimized for prevention programs may reduce completed suicide in young adult women by up to 10%
Teaching children ways to avoid being bullied is likely to be more effective than attempting to reducing bullying behaviour
Teaching problem-solving skills and positive interaction skills are likely to be as, or more, helpful than programs that emphasize rules and consequences to discourage bullying
Most interventions help a little if implemented thoroughly. Most are not implemented thoroughly.
Cyber bullying must now be considered as part of the spectrum of bullying behaviour (Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health) - "Huebner et al. found increased levels of suicidal ideation among young gay and bisexual men who reported being victimized by physical violence within the last 6 months compared with those who did not report physical violence ." (Journal of Adolescent Health). "Clearly, the role of schools is crucial; inaction
is not simply a lost opportunity, but may result in doing more harm." (British Journal of Social Work) The CPHA Safe School Study quantified bullying in Canadian children in grades 4 to 12.
These rates for First Nations students are all higher than the national average. (Canadian Journal of Public Health) Words matter!
Show students that language has power and that using words such as 'gay' or 'fag' is damaging to an entire group of people. Be an Ally.
Displaying a rainbow sticker in your room tells homosexual/transgender students that they are entering a safe space. This also is a great way to model acceptance and compassion for all students that you teach. With increasing diversity across Saskatchewan, teachers must be proactive in dispelling cultural misunderstandings and racist stereotypes. Help students discuss and explore each other's cultures through culture fairs, potlucks and guest presentations. Demonstrate the unique value of each culture. Never tolerate racial slurs or remarks in the classroom. Think, Pair, Share empowering victims & bullies
when the law becomes involved
psychological implications What are stories? your If You Really Knew Me: Challenge Day & the Teen Files Reel Injun: a discussion of prejudice If it is going to stop,
it has to start with teachers. Let's get informed.
Let's work together.
Let's support our students.
Let's make a difference. -Those who bully may experience ramifications
at school and within the law, anxiety,
guilt, depression, etc. Worried
Might think it's okay
I'd feel bad and I would regret it
Mad at myself As teachers we should be concerned about all students.
Often students bully because it's their way to cope with a larger issue, school related or otherwise.
As teachers we need to support our students' well-being. We need to:
- teach them rules and consequences (Be consistent)
-teach them empathy
-stay in contact with parents/guardians
-give positive reinforcement
-get additional support for them (counselors, phone numbers, Social Services if needed, etc.)
-be role models for positive behavior
-be available to talk to Teachers' roles in supporting students who bully Outline 1. Introduction
2. Psychological Effects of Bullying
4. Digital Citizenship
5. Bullying and the Law
6. Educating Parents
7. Homophobia/Racism in the Classroom
9. Supporting the Bully
10. Personal Stories
11. Strategies and Resources