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The History of Violins
Transcript of The History of Violins
by: Annie Chen, Cherry Chan, Sarah Ho, Clara Choi, and Diane Hong
Earliest forms of the Violin
How the Violin became popular
Back to the future...
Back in the day...
Lira da Braccio
Bartolomeo Giuseppe Guarneri
crafted lutes, viols and rebecs
began the school of violin crafting in Cremona, Italy
credited for creating the first known violin
Andrea Amati’s grandson is Nicolò Amati
grandson of Andrea Guarner, apprentice of Nicolo Amati
Guarneri's works are considered to be the finest in existence
known by the name del Gesu because of his addition of the letters IHS to his works beginning around 1730
ISH is a monogram referring to the name of Jesus Christ thus his known name, "del Gesu"
the most famous apprentice of Nicolò Amati
Stradivari is known to have made over 1000 instruments now of which roughly two-thirds survive, including violas, cellos, mandolins, guitars and harps
Stradivari's original works are divided into three periods: the early period in which he was influenced by his teacher; the middle period in which he experimented with his violin designs; and the late period in which he perfected the form of violin still in use today
originated from the 16 century from the Renaissance
has seven strings; two off the fingerboard for plucking and five on fingerboard for playing
the strings of violin are made of sheep guts
very similar to the modern violin with its shape
bigger than modern violin
though origins are unknown, it's generally agreed that the violin originated from this Arabic instrument
has two strings made of silk; attached to an endpin
has pegs used to tune its strings in fifths
has a pear shaped body; made of gourd and has a long neck
played on the lap
its bow has resin rubbed on its string
made in the 9 century
the early violin wasn't popular
it was considered a musical instrument of low status
1600: well-known composers like Claudio Monteverdi used the violin in his operas, so the violins' status grew
the violins' prestige continued to rise during the Baroque period, by celebrated composers like Antonio Vivaldi and Johann Sebastian Bach.
Clearly, the violin has come a very long way.
• mid-18th century: the violin was in a lot of instrumental music ensembles
• the 19th century: the violins' popularity continued to rise by talented violinists such as Nicolò Paganini and Pablo de Sarasate
• 20th century: the violin reached new heights in technical and artistic aspects
• Isaac Stern and Fritz Kreisler are some of the well-known violinists and composers of that time
Modern Violin VS Early Violins
Johann Sebastian Bach
• now: the violin is a very popular instrument that is played all around the world
• played by kids, teenagers and adults
• top most played musical instruments
the second form of the violin following the rabab
has a pear shaped body
has three strings
made out of wood
this instrument is similar to the rebab
made in the 11 century
is played on the shoulders
similar to the modern violin with its shape
has 5 strings
made out of wood
played on the shoulders
made in the 13 century
ribs is curved inwards to allow the bow to play with more flexibility
a bit bigger than the modern violin
im watching u
where are you going!??!
do you see antonio
wheres the music
are you following me?
go to edit path
underneath it says antonio vivaldi
inventor of the first modern violin was unknown
many claimed that Andrea Amati, a lute maker, was the first inventor of the modern day violin.
the first four stringed violin made by Amati dated back to 1555 CE
it was documented that Amati sold 24 violins to Charles IX of France back in 1560CE
The oldest surviving violin was by Amati
had shorter and thicker neck
the bridge is flatter
the finger board is shorter
• Stradivary was one of the most famous violin creators in the early time.
• many people nowadays are interested in making the early violins exactly as Stradivary made it, but could not make one that sounds and looks exactly like that one
the first great violin maker outside Italy
appointed to a position at the court of Archduke Ferdinand Charles in Innsbruck, Austria in 1658
was later accused of heresy by the Catholic Church for possessing Lutheran writings
died as a madman of poverty
Other Important People
Francesco Ruggieri: -one of Nicolò Amati's students
-greatest contribution was his development of a smaller version of the cello that is now the standard
Gasparo di Bertolotti da Salò: - founded the school of violin
making in Brescia
-da Salò also produced viols, citterns, cellos and double basses.
Giovanni Paolo Maggini: -took the postion of a master violin
maker in Brescia upon da Salò's death.
Matteo Gofriller: -first important Venetian violin maker
Carlo Giuseppe Testore: -Student of Giovanni Grancino
-his works are considered to be rough in design yet of superior tonal quality
"Electric Violins." Violin Notes. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2013.
"History of the Violin." Sprenger Geigenbau - Willkommen - Welcome - Bienvenue - Benvenuto . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013.
"Lira da Braccio, National Music Museum." Student Organizations - USD . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013.
"Music for Kids." : History of the Violin. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 June 2013.
"The History of the Violin." William Bartruff, Violin Maker -. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 June 2013.
Did you know?
The First Electric Violins
-first electric violins were used in jazz music
-became popular after being on shows such as
America's Got Talent/British's Got Talent
-they don't need a whole body (like acoustic
violin); they have different shapes and colors
-they have to be plugged into an amplifier
or they'll need batteries
-Françoise Xavier Tourte created the bow used in modern violins in 1786
-the creator made the bend of the bow to arch backwards; changed length, weight, and balance of the bow
-the creator also made Pernambuco wood as the ideal bow material
The Tourte Bow
-a violin, made by Antonio Stradivari, called
"the Hammer", was sold for a record of $3,544,000
The Most Expensive Violin
-called Charles XI
-named after the King of France, Charles XI, who had Amati make him 24 violins; oldest violin was one of the
The Oldest Violin