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323-Environmental NGOs & Transnational Networks

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Shannon Gibson

on 8 November 2016

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Transcript of 323-Environmental NGOs & Transnational Networks

Environmental NGOs
& Transnational Networks
Shannon Gibson, PhD
University of Southern California
Organizational Variations
Non-governmental organizations
Grassroots organizations
Transnational networks
Social Movements
Introduction to Non-State Actors
NGOs in Theory???
Realism
Liberalism
Constructivism
Critical Theory
Early Environmentalism
Dates back to 18th century
Conservation = instrumental
Preservation = intrinsic
History of Environmentalism
Post-War Environmentalism
Increased environmental concern
Environmentalists merging w/ student protests of the 1960s & 70s
Broader claims/frames
US Earth Day, April 22nd 1970
Radical Environmentalism
"anti-systemic" environmentalism emerges in the 1970s/80s
Opposed state-militarism & growth-oriented development
Tactics - lifestyle vs. protest
Changing Political Contexts
Weakness or lack of will among states
Increase in international environmental regimes
Cleavages created by globalization
Rise in internet and communication technology
Normative shifts
Explaining the Emergence
of Transnational Environmental Activism
Tactics
Who do activists attempt to influence?
How do they do this?
Tactics & Discourses (Axelrod)
Discourses:
“A discourse is a shared way of apprehending the world. Embedded in language, it enables those who subscribe to it to interpret bits of information and put them together into coherent stories or accounts. Each discourse rests on assumptions, judgments, and contentions that provide the basic terms for analysis, debates, agreements, and disagreements”
How I see the Environmental "Movement"
My Academic Research
A Tale of 3 Networks
Climate Action Network
From Kyoto to Copenhagen?
Climate Justice Now!
Radicalized Climate Activism
Climate Justice Action
Reclaim Power
http://www.democracynow.org/2009/12/16/police_tear_gas_beat_back_protesters
"Call to Climate Action"
Assessing Effectiveness
Challenges
No central authority
No global voters
Democratic deficit
Where does legitimacy come from?
Successes
Information brokers
Whistle-blower
Opposition to the state
Promotion of democracy
Provide new governance models / fill gaps
Build international coalitions
Strategy/Action Variations:
architects
entrepreneurs
advocates
witnesses
consciense-keepers
whistle-blowers
agitators
Full transcript