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The Hunger Games Marxist Critique

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Hamilton Turtle

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of The Hunger Games Marxist Critique

The Hunger Games Marxist Critique What Is A Marxist Critique? A Marxist critique follows how the philosophy of Marxism coincides with the plot of a novel Marxism As A Philosophy Marxism focuses on the struggle between the rich (owning class) and middle classes (the bourgeoisie), and the working class (the proletariat). It states that the only way real equality can be achieved is through violent revolution and the sharing of all goods. Marxism focuses on the industrial worker's struggle. What Do I Look For? Look for any struggles between the rich and the poor, any kind of inequality, the use of religion controlling a population, and the idea that people need to help one another to survive Rich Versus Poor The Rich Both the "Owning Class" and the "Bourgeoisie" in the book are represented by the Capitol. The Capitol has an overabundance of food and technology, with a small population and size when compared to the districts. This shows an inequality between the two societies. The Poor In the book, the proletariat is represented by the various Districts surrounding the Capitol. The districts are starved, oppressed, must give all goods to the Capitol, and are treated as if they were serfs. The societies also are closer to nature, and have less of an access to technology than the Capitol. The Continuous Revolution The two opposing forces, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, both go against one another, and over time, Katniss realizes that for there to be a better life for those around her, she must work towards a revolution to overthrow the Capitol, which coincides with Marxist thinking. Pre-Maoist Society in the Book Maoism is a type of Marxist thought that focuses on making a farming community, and not a factory community, equal.
In the book, the districts are ruled like how the Chinese Empire was ruled, with governors presiding over specific areas and controlling all means of production and uses of output. In the book, the same is done, with the districts extracting raw materials and getting no share of the profits, whether it be food, coal, or any other resource. Capitalism and Technology Technology is inherently materialist and individualist, therefore it is inherently capitalistic. The Capitol itself has an overabundance of technology, while the poorer districts do not have the ability to use the technology. This creates an individualistic and Capitalistic society in the Capitol (as seen by the various fashions, a large part of a consumer-driven system of economics), and a tribal society in the Districts, where Marxist thought is more prevalent due to the need for survival. Naturalism and Tribalism In the novel, the people living in the Districts are oppressed by the Capitol, and are lacking basic needs. So, for the most part, a somewhat Marxist system is created, revolving around people doing good deeds for one another and helping one another at every turn (like how the Baker takes care of Katniss's family).
It should be noted that the black market develops under the guise of the Capitalistic Peacekeepers A core component of Marxism is the constant struggle between the classes. This is shown in the fact that Panem has already had a war over class, and the Capitol uses this to oppress the Districts. Inequality in All Districts When Rue and Katniss converse about their two districts, Katniss realizes that at Rue's district, they are treated harsher, and they are also starved, even though they are a district focused on agriculture. This unequal distribution of resources focusing on the wealthy is a core problem that Marxism outlines.
"I've never had a whole leg to myself before!" -Rue (202) Districts One and Two as
The Bourgeoisie Although the first two districts are not as well off as the ruling Capitol, they still receive many benefits that the other districts do not, like illegal training opportunities in preparation for the Hunger Games. This makes the first two districts prime examples of a middle class population. Marxism and Peeta Peeta gives Katniss some of his family's food out of kindness and neglecting his family's business needs, reflecting how the tribal society of District 12 had Marxist undertones.
"It's because he's being kind. Just as he was kind enough to give me the bread." (49)
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