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Big Grid Project: SC 541 by K. Williams

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Kimberly Williams

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Big Grid Project: SC 541 by K. Williams

Big Grid Project: SC 541 Major Systems of Personality
Id-engine that drives our wants and desires
Ego- balances out the force behind our desires with reality and rational thinking
Superego- houses our moral fibers and personal values Psychoanalytic Therapy Sigmund Freud is attributed with developing psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Key Concepts Therapeutic Goals 1. Help clients achieve a normal personality
2. Help clients bring the unconcious to the forefront of their mind by revisiting repressed thoughts and feeling from the past. According to Freud, a healthy personality is one that has matriculated through all of the psychosexual stages of development without any delay.

A flawed personality is the result of a hiccup in the progression through the psychosexual stages of development. Therapist-Client Relationship The therapist is the all-knowing facilitator, whose job is to assist clients in restructuring their thoughts.

Additionally, they act as agents that assume the role of an important person from the past, which occurs during transference. 1. Free Association- client speaks what is on their mind freely.

2. Interpretation--assigning a meaning to behaviors that have roots in the unconcious world of the client.
Interpretation of Resistance-when the therapist sheds light on anything that is working against progress.
Interpretation of Transferance- when the therapist allows the client to reenact repressed thoughts and feeling

3. Dream Analysis- the revealing of the hidden material in the client's brain that may be contributing to the behavior. Therapeutic Techniques Alderian Therapy Alfred Adler Key Concepts By: Kimberly F. Williams Formulated an more comprehensive approach to the field of psychodynamics. Majorly concerned with the client's perceived worldview
Individual psychology, known to be concerned with gaining insight into the life of the whole man.
-Human behavior is purpose-driven
-Humans feel inferior naturally and
strive for perfection out of instinct
-Humans create a core of beliefs
drive them to attain a certain style
of life.
Our social surroundings weigh heavily on our feelings of self-worth, security, and acceptance.
The birth order of a child determines the adult will connect in his society. Therapeutic Goals Therapy is used as a platform to encourage, to instruct, and to reform the client. Therapist-Client Relationship 1. Collaborative-working relationship
2. Explorative of client's private logic to understand the client's reasoning for his lifestyle.
3. Cooperative, trusting, and respectful relationship with a focus on a confirmed goal Therapeutic Techniques Build a Bond
Analyze the Way of Life
Incite self-awareness
Reconstruct and Reform Existential Therapy No Specific Founder

Several contributors: Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger,

Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Buber, Ludwig Binswanger, and Medard Boss

Contemporary Existential Psychotherapist: Victor Frankl, Rollo May, James Bugental, and Irvin Yalom Key Concepts 1. Humans have the ability to be consciously aware of themselves.
2. Humans have to ability to build and attend to their own lives.
3. Humans are capable of creating a distinct self and relating to others.
4. Humans are on a quest to discover a life of purpose.
5. Humans will be faced with unavoidable anxiety.
6. Humans can fathom death Therapeutic Goals 1. . Encourage clients to deal with their anxieties 2. Encourage clients to take therapy serious 3. Encourage clients to create their own reality that fosters true meaning for their life Therapist-Client Relationship Both the client and the therapist take the journey of therapy together into the client's world. Therapeutic Techniques The client takes inventory of their world beliefs.
The client determines the reasons and the source behind their belief system.
The client begins the change process by acting upon newly rediscovered strengths Person-Centered Therapy Carl Rogers Founder of humanistic psychology, which is the underlying foundation of the person-centered therapy. Key Concepts Humans are capable of moving forward
Humans are generally postive and trustworthy
Humans are full of resources Therapeutic Goal The therapy is a procedure designed to aid client's through their journey of change. Therapist-Client Relationship Respect for the client
Equality reigns supreme
Therapist and client conclude that they are both humanbeings on a quest for growth Therapeutic Techniques Entering the client's world through communication and empathy. Gestalt Therapy Frederick and Laura Perls were the creators of the Gestalt approach Key Concept Therapeutic Goals Therapist-Client Relationship It is phenomenological because it concerns itself with the client's perceived reality.

It is existential because it concerns itself with the client's continual reshaping process. 1. Clients become increasingly aware of what they are doing in the present
2. Clients recognize their experiences
3. Clients attend to their senses more
4. Clients increase their skill and define their values to match their needs.
5. Clients accept responsibility for their actions and reactions
6. Clients help others and receive help Therapist should know self and client No role playing I can do atmosphere is promoted Therapeutic Techniques Exercises and Experiments are essential to clients success Behavior Therapy B.F. Skinner & Albert Bandura are credited with assimilating a different approach from psychoanalysis Key Concepts Rooted in science & research
Accurate behavior analysis with specific behavioral plan
Central focus on present behavior
Learned behavior Therapeutic Goals To acquire new, acceptable behavior
To pinpoint the root cause of the inappropriate behavior
To motivate clients to become active in their change process Therapist-Client Relationship Teacher-student relationship is prevalent

Client must be actively engaged Therapeutic Techniques Reinforcement
Systematic Desensitization
Relaxation Methods
Eye Movement and Desensitization Reprocessing
Cognitive Restructuring
Assertion and Social Skills Training
Self-management Programs
Mindfulness and Acceptance Methods
Behavioral Rehearsal
Multimodal Therapy Cognitive Behavior Therapy Aaron Beck pioneered the cognitive behavior therapy Albert Ellis extended it with his form of behavior therapy known as Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Key Concepts The client's present mindset along with their beliefs are the basis of most disorders

Talking within one's self is connected to a person's behavior

Wrong thoughts and ideas are concentrated on in order to bring about behavioral change Therapeutic Goals To motivate clients to evaluate what they think
To analyze those thoughts for fallacies
To actively engage the client to eliminate faulty reasoning Therapist-Client Relationship Teacher-student roles for therapist and client Cooperative and collaborative atmosphere Therapeutic Techniques Specific plan for individual client
Socratic Dialogue
Collaborative Empiricism
Debating Irrational Beliefs
Carrying Out Homework Assignments
Gathering Data
Keeping a Record of Activities
Forming Alternative Interpretations
Learning new coping skills
Role playing
Confronting Faulty Beliefs
Self-Instructional Training
Stress Inoculation Training Reality Therapy William Glasser, the creator of the choice theory, added great dimension to the reality therapy. Key Concepts
1. We do what we choose to do
2.Therapist and clients must present their real selves.
3. Central focus on the present life
4. Excuses are not welcomed Therapeutic Goals Establish & maintain chosen relationships
Understand needs and devise a plan of action to meet those needs Therapist-Client Relationship Establish a positive relationship
Promote client interaction during the evaluation period
Assist clients in making plans for the "now"
Assess client's commitment and positively influence it Therapeutic Techniques

Clients must evaluate their present actions to determine their future plan of action Feminist Therapy Contributors
the Therapy Jean Baker Miller
Carolyn Zerbe Enns
Oliva M. Espin
Laura S. Brown Key Concepts Social and political conditions are the basis of personal and individual problems
Social transformation is paramount
Female thoughts and actions are esteemed
Promote equality
Rejection of tagging clients as ill
Oppression in any form is acknowledged Therapeutic Goals To bring about a change inthe client and in the world
To encourage clients to tap into their internal strength to move pass the oppressive society
To challenge all forms of oppression Therapist-Client Relationship Therapeutic Technique The therapist and the client begin and end as equal partners.
The therapist is a motivator and encourager of the weak in heart.
The therapist is an effective communicator gender role analysis and intervention
power analysis and intervention
demystifying therapy
journal writing
therapist self-disclosure
assertiveness training
reframing and relabeling
cognitive restructuring
role playing
psychodramatic methods
group work
social action Postmodern Approach Family Systems Therapy Collection of Contributors Insoo Kim Berg
Steve De Shazer
Michael White
David Epston Compilation of various theories and approaches: Alfred Adler, Murray Bowen, Virginia Satir, Carl Whitaker, Salvador Minuchin, Jay Haley, Cloe Madanes Key Concepts Short-term therapy concerned with the present and the future.
The real issue is the problem, not the client
Collaboration is essential
Revisit the happy times in the past to gain insight for the future Therapeutic Goals Therapist-Client Relationship Therapeutic Techniques Key Concepts Life that is happening now is the most important
Communication habits of the family must be analyzed
Generational issues Therapeutic Goals Therapist-Client Relationship Therapeutic Techniques To help the family recognize and overcome habitual issues that stunt the growth of the family 1. To aid the client in finding their true self that is self-confident and self-reliant
2. To collaboratively reach a plan for success The therapist is a partner
The client is the master of his or her life
Dialogue is heavily relied upon to aid in solution finding 1.Teacher-student relationship for the entire family
2. Effective communication is the tool used to promote growth Therapy with the goal in mind
Reliving better times through evaluation
Narrative therapy
Innovative questioning Therapist dominated sessions that include instructing, molding, questioning, motivating, and coaching of the family.
Brief therapy sessions Corey, G. (2009). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Cenage Learning Reference
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