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7th Figurative Language

Standard E2-1 Indicator E2-1.3 Analyze devices of figurative language. Definitions taken from "NTC's Dictionary of Literary Terms" by Kathleen Morner and Ralph Raush, 1991
by

Mr. Laffin

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of 7th Figurative Language

Figurative Language
Oxymoron
An analogy in which one thing is imaginatively compared to or identified with another, dissimilar thing (not using like or as).
A comparison not using "like" or "as". In metaphors, the author is basically saying, "This IS that."
Obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstatement
It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally.
Hyperboles are exaggerations to create emphasis or effect.
Uses "like" or "as" to compare two or more dissimilar things
A form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on words with two or more meanings
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are attributed
to animals, plants, inanimate objects, natural forces, or abstract ideas
A manner of speaking that is natural to the native speakers of the language
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words
The use of words whose sounds imitate
the sound of the thing being named
Example:
"My heart's a stereo
It beats for you so listen close
Hear my thoughts in every note
Make me your radio..."
-"Stereo Hearts" by Gym Class Heroes
and Adam Levine
Example:
"loving hate"
"living death"
"wise fool"
"jumbo shrimp"
"shape without form"
"shade without color"
Example:
"Do you ever feel
like
a plastic bag, drifting through the wind, hoping to start again?"
-Katy Perry
Example:
A penny for your thoughtsba
The apple doesn't fall far from the tree
Once in a blue moon
Kill two birds with one stone
Feeling under the weather
barking up the wrong tree
bated breath
Examples:
hum, buzz, clang, boom, hiss, crack, twitter, sizzle, woof, meow
A figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression
grass is the "beautiful uncut hairs of graves"
-"Song of Myself" by Walt Whitman
Baby, you're a firework...
-Katy Perry
"What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up

like

a raisin in the sun..."
-Langston Hughes
"How could you be so cold,

as

the winter wind when it breeze yo?"
-Kanye West
The Wonderful World of
Metaphor
is
are
Simile
Get out a piece of paper and something to write with.
Pick one other person to work with and move next to them.
You will both need to write in your notes packets.
Be prepared to present your findings.
What did you find?
Personification
"The window screen is trying to do its crossword puzzle but appears to know only the vertical words."
-"Sunday Rain" by John Updike
"The only monster here is the gambling monster that has enslaved your mother! I call him Gamblor, and it's time to snatch your mother from his neon claws!"
-Homer Simpson
"The leaves on the ground danced in the wind.
-"My Town" by Sharon Hendricks
The fence posts gossiped and watched cars go by which winked at each other just to say hi."
The brook sang merrily as it went on its way.
Alliteration
"Through three cheese trees three free fleas flew. While these fleas flew, freezy breeze blew. Freezy breeze made these three trees freeze. Freezy trees made these trees’ cheese freeze. That’s what made these three free fleas sneeze."
-"Fox in Sox" by Dr. Seuss
"Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before."
"After life's fitful fever"
-The Raven
by Edgar Allan Poe
-"Macbeth" by William Shakespeare
Well, I guess it just suggests that this is just what happiness is
-Jason Mraz,
"Beautiful Mess"
Onomatopoeia
"
Thump, thump, thump,
went his foot on the floor.




He played a few chords then he sang some more..."
"Over the cobbles he
clattered
and
clashed
in the dark inn-yard,





~ "The Highwayman" by Alfred Noyes
"
Boom, boom, boom
Even brighter than the moon, moon, moon
..."



-"Firework" by Katy Perry
Bang bang bang
on the door baby
Knock
a little louder baby
Bang bang bang
on the door baby
I can't hear you
Bang bang bang
on the door baby
Knock
a little louder sugar!
Bang bang bang
on the door baby
I can't hear you!

-"Love Shack" by The B-52s
He
tapped
with his whip on the shutters, but all was locked and barred..."
~ "The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes
Hyperbole
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I have a million things to do.
I had to walk 15 miles to school
in the snow, uphill, both ways.
I had a ton of homework.
If I can’t buy that new game, I will die.
This car goes faster than the speed of light.
That new car costs a bazillion dollars.
That joke is so old,
the last time I heard it
I was riding on a dinosaur.
You could have knocked me over with a feather.
This is actually a GREAT example of alliteration and assonance in the same text!
Limerick
Idiom
A saying in which the literal meaning of the words does not match the figurative meaning of the phrase.
Idiomatic phrases should not be taken literally, as the words are meant to convey a figurative scene in your mind.
A limerick is a short, humorous, often nonsense poem.
Limericks are usually written in five-line anapestic meter with a strict rhyme scheme (AABBA).
Anapestic meter is two short syllables followed by one long syllable, repeated.
Lines 1, 2, and 5 all have 7-10 syllables.
Lines 3 and 4 have 5-7 syllables.
A poem presenting with
rhyme A
and which follows a rhythm in
time A
need not be what we
call B
a true Limerick at
all B
like a lemon, the cousin of
lime. A

Yet a limerick a lemon can
be, C
you could use a small slice for your
tea. C
Do not use it in
fudge D
and respect that the
judge D
is the man with no writing
degree. C
"No Limerick?" by Herbert Nehrlich
A painter, who lived in Great
Britain, A
Interrupted two girls with their
knittin' A
He said, with a
sigh, B
"That park bench--well
I B
Just painted it, right where you're
sittin.'" A
A flea and a fly in a
flue, A
Were imprisoned, so what could they
do? A
Said the fly, "Let us
flee!" B
"Let us fly," said the
flea, B
And they flew through a flaw in the
flue. A
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