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7th Figurative Language

Standard E2-1 Indicator E2-1.3 Analyze devices of figurative language. Definitions taken from "NTC's Dictionary of Literary Terms" by Kathleen Morner and Ralph Raush, 1991
by

Mr. Laffin

on 17 May 2017

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Transcript of 7th Figurative Language

Figurative Language
An analogy in which one thing is imaginatively compared to or identified with another, dissimilar thing (not using like or as).
A comparison not using "like" or "as". In metaphors, the author is basically saying, "This IS that."
Obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstatement
It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally.
Hyperboles are exaggerations to create emphasis or effect.
Exactly like a metaphor but uses "like" or "as" to compare two or more dissimilar things
A form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on words with two or more meanings
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are attributed to animals, plants, inanimate objects, natural forces, or abstract ideas.
A manner of speaking that is natural to the native speakers of the language
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words
words that imitate natural sounds
Example:
Ricochet, you take your aim
Fire away, fire away
You shoot me down but I won’t fall
I am titanium
-"Titanium" by David Guetta and Sia
Example:
"loving hate"
"living death"
"wise fool"
"jumbo shrimp"
"shape without form"
"shade without color"
Do you ever feel
like
a plastic bag,
drifting through the wind, hoping to start again?
-"Firework" by Katy Perry
Example:
A penny for your thoughtsba
The apple doesn't fall far from the tree
Once in a blue moon
Kill two birds with one stone
Feeling under the weather
barking up the wrong tree
bated breath
A figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression
'Cause baby you're a firework
Come on show 'em what your worth
Make 'em go "Oh, oh, oh!"
As you shoot across the sky-y-y
-"Firework" by Katy Perry
I'm stuck on you
Whoa-oh, whoa-oh
Stuck like glue
You and me baby
We're stuck
like

glue

-"Stuck Like Glue" by Sugarland
It’s like Ben Franklin with the key and the kite
You see it, right?
-“Satisfied” from the musical Hamilton
The Wonderful World of
Metaphor
Simile
Get out a piece of paper and something to write with.
Pick one other person to work with and move next to them.
You will both need to write in your notes packets.
Be prepared to present your findings.
What did you find?
Personification
Alliteration
"Whisper words of wisdom, let it be"
-"Let It Be" by The Beatles
"Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before."
"After life's fitful fever"
-The Raven
by Edgar Allan Poe
-"Macbeth"
by William Shakespeare
“Constantly confusing,
confounding the British henchmen
Everyone give it up for America’s
favorite fighting Frenchman!”
-"Guns and Ships" from Hamilton
Onomatopoeia
"Thump, thump, thump, went his foot on the floor.




He played a few chords then he sang some more..."
“You walked in, and my heart went boom.”
"Boom, boom, boom
Even brighter than the moon, moon, moon..."



Bang bang bang on the door baby
Knock a little louder baby
Bang bang bang on the door baby
I can't hear you
Bang bang bang on the door baby
Knock a little louder sugar!
Bang bang bang on the door baby
I can't hear you!

"Helpless" from Hamilton
~ "The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes
Hyperbole
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I have a million things to do.
I had to walk 15 miles to school
in the snow, uphill, both ways.
I had a ton of homework.
If I can’t buy that new game, I will die.
This car goes faster than the speed of light.
That new car costs a bazillion dollars.
That joke is so old,
the last time I heard it
I was riding on a dinosaur.
You could have knocked me over with a feather.
Limerick
Idiom
A saying in which the literal meaning of the words does not match the figurative meaning of the phrase.
Idiomatic phrases should not be taken literally, as the words are meant to convey a figurative scene in your mind.
A limerick is a short, humorous, often nonsense poem.
Limericks are usually written in five-line anapestic meter with a strict rhyme scheme (AABBA).
Anapestic meter is two short syllables followed by one long syllable, repeated.
Lines 1, 2, and 5 all have 7-10 syllables.
Lines 3 and 4 have 5-7 syllables.
A poem presenting with
rhyme A
and which follows a rhythm in
time A
need not be what we
call B
a true Limerick at
all B
like a lemon, the cousin of
lime. A

Yet a limerick a lemon can
be, C
you could use a small slice for your
tea. C
Do not use it in
fudge D
and respect that the
judge D
is the man with no writing
degree. C
"No Limerick?" by Herbert Nehrlich
A painter, who lived in Great
Britain, A
Interrupted two girls with their
knittin' A
He said, with a
sigh, B
"That park bench--well
I B
Just painted it, right where you're
sittin.'" A
A flea and a fly in a
flue, A
Were imprisoned, so what could they
do? A
Said the fly, "Let us
flee!" B
"Let us fly," said the
flea, B
And they flew through a flaw in the
flue. A
Sia is comparing herself to one of the strongest metals. She is showing that no matter what you throw at her, or how much you try to knock her down, you won’t succeed.
Life is a highway
I wanna ride it all night long
If you're going my way
I wanna drive it all night long
-"Life is a Highway" by Tom Cochrane
Here, the author is saying life, like a highway, is a long road with twists and turns, stop signs, and speed bumps, but it doesn't remain the same forever.
Here, Katy Perry is reminding you that, like a firework, you're unique and special. She's encouraging you to yourself and to not be ashamed about it.
Here, Katy Perry is asking her audience if they ever feel worthless, lost, unappreciated, or ignored (much like trash is).
Sugarland means that they love their significant other so much they want to be with them at all times.
In Hamilton, the character speaking is comparing her meeting Alexander Hamilton to Ben Franklin's discovery of lightning. In other words, their meeting was electric (exciting and thrilling).
Animals, like in "Finding Nemo" and "Alice in Wonderland" are able to move and speak like a person would.
Pretty much ANY Disney movie, actually.
Plants and nature/ natural forces can also be personified, like in "Fantasia" and "Alice in Wonderland".
Disney/Pixar's "Inside Out" takes emotions and personifies them, making them human and entertaining.
In "Beauty and the Beast", the usually-inanimate household objects in the castle in "Beauty and the Beast" have all been personified. They can sing, they can dance (after all, this is France).
Even the idea of "fear" can be given human-like traits.

For example:
-it doesn't have a shadow (it can't)
-it can't make music
- can't choose to be social or not
-it can't talk or hear
-it can't have mannerisms
-it doesn't have a gender
"Firework" by Katy Perry
"Love Shack" by The B-52s
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