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Transcript of Political Socialization
why is for what reason, cause, or purpose.
how is in what way or manner, by what means. Political socialization is a major process for long-term development of public opinions. The family is generally regarded as the most important influence, but there are others as well. Deconstruct the question a) Define political socialization. b) Explain why the family is considered to have the greatest influence on political socialization. c) Explain how two of the following agents affect political socialization.
Religion Define political socialization Analyze. Think through what is being asked and identify ALL elements that must be addressed. Consider. What evidence you can incorporate into your response. Intent. Clearly state why you chose the evidence you did. There must be a logical connection Clarity. Be clear in your writing. A reader should not have to search for the answer. For every statement you write, ask yourself WHY. If there is an answer to that why statement, keep writing! However, don't answer more than what is asked for. You have less than 25 minutes to answer every question! BE CONFIDENT! You know this. You got this. Go for it! to define: explain the meaning or nature political socialization: how do you know about politics? does your family influence you? do your political beliefs change? Political Socialization Political socialization is a lifelong process by which people form their ideas about politics and acquire political values. The family, educational system, peer groups, and the mass media all play a role. While family and school are important early in life, what our peers think and what we read in the newspaper and see on television have more influence on our political attitudes as adults. family influence: do your parents talk about politics? how old where you when you learned about political "parties" do you talk about politics? Family Influence Our first political ideas are shaped within the family. Parents seldom "talk politics" with their young children directly, but casual remarks made around the dinner table or while helping with homework can have an impact. Family tradition is particularly a factor in party identification, as indicated by the phrases lifelong Republican and lifelong Democrat. The family may be losing its power as an agent of socialization, however, as institutions take over more of child care and parents perform less of it. Mass Media: School: Religion: affect: to produce a change can you avoid politics in television? movies? music> can teachers ignore their political socialization? what does religion teach us? Mass Media Children are introduced to elections and voting when they choose class officers, and the more sophisticated elections in high school and college teach the rudiments of campaigning. Political facts are learned through courses in American history and government, and schools, at their best, encourage students to critically examine government institutions. Schools themselves are involved in politics; issues such as curriculum reform, funding, and government support for private schools often spark a debate that involves students, teachers, parents, and the larger community. School Religion Much of our political information comes from the mass media: newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet. The amount of time the average American family watches TV makes it the dominant information source, particularly with the expansion of 24-hour all-news cable channels. Not only does television help shape public opinion by providing news and analysis, but its entertainment programming addresses important contemporary issues that are in the political arena, such as drug use, abortion, and crime. The growth of the Internet is also significant; not only do essentially all-news outlets have their own Web sites, but online bloggers present a broad range of political opinion, information, and analysis. Different religious traditions have very different values, and one’s faith often significantly influences one’s political views. For example, Roman Catholicism has a well-defined set of positions on many political issues, ranging from abortion to capital punishment to social justice. Although not all Catholics oppose abortion or favor more welfare programs, many do as a result of their religious beliefs.