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Individual Rights vs. Common Good
Transcript of Individual Rights vs. Common Good
is the idea that in some situations an
individual's right may take a back seat
to what's best for a group of people
as a whole. Individual Rights Vs. Common Good The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution make up what is known as the Bill of Rights. These amendments form part of the essence of what makes United States citizenship the privilege that it is. Many people are familiar with freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of the press, but these important Constitutional amendments offer more than those rights, as the following summary demonstrates. I.Congress cannot make a law that favors the establishment of one particular religion; that prohibits the free exercise of religion; or that restricts freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people to gather and engage in peaceful demonstrations and to petition the government for redress of their grievances Individual Rights II.Because a well-regulated militia is necessary to national security, the right of the people to keep and bear arms may not be infringed. Example 3: Freedom of Press (We can print, write, publish anything that does not break the law, or directly threaten harm!) Example 4: The right to Keep and Bear arms (with this right my basic HUMAN right to self-defense is assured.) III.No soldier may be quartered in any house during a time of peace without the owner's consent, or in a time of war except as prescribed by law. IV.People have the right to be free, in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, from unreasonable searches and seizures, and no warrants may issue without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and specifically describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized V. No person may be made to answer for the same offense twice (double jeopardy); be compelled to be a witness against himself or herself in a criminal case; or be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. Nor may private property be taken for public use without fair compensation (eminent domain). VI.Whenever someone is on trial for committing a crime, he or she has the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the state and district where the crime was committed, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to confront the witnesses against him or her, to be able to compel the testimony of witnesses in his or her favor, and to the assistance of defense counsel. VII.Whenever the amount at issue in a lawsuit is over twenty dollars, the parties have the right to a jury trial, and no jury verdict may be overturned except according to the strict rules of the justice system. Common Good Example: While people have the right to own and use laser pointers, they do not have the right to point them into the sky towards an airplane. The introduction of the Constitution
(Preamble) states the purpose and goals of our government. The U.S. Constitution promote the general Welfare = support the Common Good So, the Constitution promotes the general Welfare (Common Good). It also states the powers of the government,
BUT does it say about the rights and freedoms of individuals? Remember the Declaration of Independence?
It stated that all men are created equal with rights given to them by God--rights of Life, Liberty [freedom], and the Pursuit of Happiness.
Furthermore, the Declaration said that the government's job is to protect those individual's rights. So what rights do we have as individuals?
What does the Constitution say about this? The Bill of Rights lists rights that individuals have as citizens of the United States.
The first one lists five basic freedoms that we have such as the freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and the freedom of the press. So does an individual have the right,
or freedom to do anything he or she
wants to do? What do you think? Question 1:
Do you have the freedom to
say anything you want at any place at any time?
Example: Do you have the freedom to run into a movie theater and yell "fire!"? Question 2:
Can the newspaper print something about the governor even if it damages her reputation? Question 3:
Can people march around the capitol building and hold signs that say the President is a liar? Question 4: Assignment:
1. Read the article "Typhoid Mary".
2. Explain how this article shows the conflict between
individual rights and the common good.
3. What do you think--what if you were told you had to
live alone on an island for the rest of your life? What happens when a person's rights conflict with the safety of others? If someone is infected with
a deadly disease, should they be isolated and not be
allowed to go anywhere? Should he or she have the same rights as everybody else? Imagine:
The Assistant Principal walks into our classroom
and says take out your backpack and