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Euthanasia

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by

Jocelyn Nunez

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of Euthanasia

Ethics Presentation
Euthanasia
Definiton:

The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease.


Types of Euthanasia:

Voluntary (Assisted Suicide)
Non-Voluntary
Involuntary
Optimistic
- Minimizing pain of death

- Death is natural
Doctors P.O.V.
- Ethical decision based health status
*Nothing can be done to improve patients status
- Not being honorable to the Hippocratic Oath
* Giving up hope
* Benefiting from euthanizing a patient
Emotional
The Somatic Marker Hypothesis
"When emotion provides a bias behavior in terms of decision making."
Patients Point of View (P.O.V.)
- Solution to end the pain
- Thought due to Depression
- Japanese Samurai culture


Families P.O.V.
- Financial Burden
- Tragic decision

Ways of Knowing
-Physical and Emotional suffering
Deciding the fate of a loved one is a critical decision
Hope
Non-Voluntary Euthanasia
- Perspectives change among Euthanasia depending on the roles of the people (doctors, family members, friends, etc.)
TOK Question
Knowledge Issue: To what extent should people intervene with the euthanasia of another person?
By: Tausaga Pauu, Daniella Garcia, Jocelyn Nunez
Pessimistic
- Death contains no significance
when you are living a life of pain and suffering.

- A burden of the family
Rational
- Loved ones life

- Life is God's Gift
- Minimizing suffering and pain

- Financial burden

- Human Rights
?
Emotion
"I will not be ashamed to say 'I know not,' nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery."
Nailah Winkfield (Jahi's mother) told CNN's Piers Morgan. "I don't want her off life support because I really feel like she can wake up, I feel like it's just been a rough week for her and, if they just give her some more time, then she'll be able to wake up."
Voluntary Euthanasia
Michèle Causse (1936-2010) was a lesbian theorist, translator and author. She was suffering from a non-lethal bone disease and decided to end her life with the help of an assisted suicide organization. Assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland. There are two organization providing these kind of services: Dignitas and Exit.
Involuntary Euthanasia
Occurs when euthanasia is performed on a person who is able to provide informed consent, but does not, either because they do not choose to die, or because they were not asked.
- Euthanasia has been legal in Belgium since 2012.
- Just recently they legalized Euthanasia for terminally ill-children.
- Although it is legal, most cases of Euthanasia have been Involuntarily.
-Doctors in Belgium are performing Euthanasia on patients in an attempt to later use their organs for organ transplant
Reasoning
- There is no cure and it's the best option for the patient.

Positive Outcome
Negative Outcome
Decision
Points of View
Bibliography
http://euthanasia.procon.org/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Euthanasiaandassistedsuicide/Pages/Introduction.aspx
http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/06/health/jahi-mcmath-girl-brain-dead/
http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2014/06/brain_dead_oakland_girl_said_to_be_in_nj_hospital.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/volinvol.shtml
http://www.worldrtd.net/it/euthanasia-fact-sheet
http://www.pregnantpause.org/euth/types.htm
Voluntary Euthanasia (Assisted Suicide)
- When the person requests euthanasia

Ex: - Refusing medical treatment
- Asking to get taken off life support
Non-Voluntary Euthanasia
The person is unable to provide consent due to their condition.
Ex: - Coma
- Senile
- Mentally retarded to a severe extent
- Too young ( Ex: Baby)

Involuntary Euthanasia
The person wants to live but euthanasia is performed anyway
Ex: Soldier ....
Full transcript