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Islam: lesson 3

this is sum what like a summery of lesson 3 chapter 9. it states all of the key points of the lesson!

marissa esposito

on 14 April 2010

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Transcript of Islam: lesson 3

The Arab Empire
lesson 3:

new leaders took power in the Mulim world in 760 a.d. new leaders in the Muslim world had power in 760 a.d. the new leaders were caliphs, which means successor. They were successors in the Prophet Muhammad Caliphs were religious, political, and military leaders when other lands got conquered by Mulims they didn't have to practice the Muslim religion. If they continued to practice their own religion they just had to pay higher taxes then the Muslims. within 100 years of Muhammad's death, Islam
had spread throughout Arabia, North Africa, and
into Asia and Europe the Muslims made there capital in the city of Cordoba in 732 the Arab army crossed the Pyrenees and invaded France the French army defeated the army in 762 al-Mansur made a decision to build a capital city named Baghdad there were 4 main roads that led out of the city. Many traders traveled on these roads. As a result, Baghdad became a national city to improve their studies the Muslim caliphs encouraged scholars to translate other types of writing in books to the Arab's writing as a result regular people could go to 36 public libraries in Baghdad and read Muslim doctors were the first to treat measles and smallpox Muhammad al-Razi published an encyclopedia to teach doctors how to treat patients Iben Sinah also published a book about doctors and medicines Muslim graduates also studied ancient Greek mathematics. instead of using Roman numerals they developed a number system from India the Muslims added the branch of algebra the Muslims are interested in astronomy becasue their calander is based on the moon and the study of the moon and stars is astronomy Muslim artists created beautiful designs and paintings with arabesques arabesques- flowing , lacy ornaments often intwined with leafy forms and vines they also wrote in calligraphy which is a beautiful handwriting they also designed mosques with minarets minarets- tall slender towers with balconies, from which religious leaders called Muslims to pray Muslims say that the Quran is the greatest work of literature poetry and folk tale are loved literatures of Muslims
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