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America and the World: 1945 to Today

From the start of the Cold War, the United States has been in conflict with the Soviet Union.. From Korea to Vietnam to Terrorism across the globe, America refuses to give into communism
by

Andrew Sutton

on 12 May 2017

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Transcript of America and the World: 1945 to Today

America in the 1940s
America and the United Nations won
World War II.

Hitler and the Holocaust were America's biggest threat in the 40s.
America and the World: 1945 to Today
The Cold War:
Communism vs
Capitalism
Soviet Union and China's View
America's View
Let the People decide what is best for them!
Our government dictates what is best for the people!
Everyone has the right to live in whatever way they please according to law!
Our people do what they are told! We do not believe in free reign!
Our people have what they need! Why would they need anything more?
Our people have wants, so they deserve private ownership rights!
A
Korean War
Turned
HOT
.

South Korea was supported by the United States and Allied UN forces.

Did not want to convert to Communism.

Fought against North Korea during the Korean War.

Supported by General MacArthur, the man who helped drive the North Koreans past the 38th Parallel.
North Korea was in favor of Communism, and felt very strongly about their beliefs. So they jumped on the bandwagon and let influence from Russia and China take over.

North Korea nearly took the entire peninsula in its great attempt to subdue the South Koreans, however, thanks to General MacArthur, they were unsuccessful.
The Struggle Continues!!
Violence in Vietnam
Why did the United States get involved in the first place?
Just as they did in Korea, the Soviets and Chinese pushed for the spread of Communism in North Vietnam.

The Cold War just got fueled, but the fire is burst wide open in Vietnam.

The North Vietnamese militia took action, and started their military assault on South Vietnam in 1955!
The United States could not stand idly by while Communism continued to spread across the globe.
Unfortunately, the South Vietnamese militia was unable to reflect the forces of North Vietnam.
The time for action was at hand for the United States. They sent over 100,000 troops to Vietnam in the early 1960s.
The Cold War Rages On Through the Fabulous
Fifties!

Neither of these forces wished to face each other in combat.

Each decided to engage in a proxy war involving North and South Korea

The United States supported the south, and the Soviets supported the North.
Presented to
you by:

Andrew Sutton, Natasha
Klimowicz, and Alejandra
Juarez

World War II may have ended in 1945, but the spread of Communism did not die with Hitler...

The Cold War between the Soviet Union and Allied Forces had just begun.
What is Communism vs Capitalism?
Since the Communists were not successful in Korea, they decided to take advantage of conflict in Vietnam.

The United States could not stand by and let this happen again.
Outcomes of the Vietnam War
Social Outcomes of the Vietnam War
Sadness and anger spread across the nation.

The Vietnam War was the first war the United States had ever lost.

Loss of respect for authority figures.
Political Outcomes of the Vietnam War
There was a lack of trust and faith in the government.

Self-confidence had dropped tremendously in the United States' government.

Hurt the government's credibility.
The United States may have been successful in the Cold War in Korea, but their toughest challenge had yet to come...
The United States did not know what they were getting themselves into.

They did not know their enemies or their allies, so the outcome was not favorable.

The United States lost its first war in Vietnam.
Military Outcomes
Thousands of families were left without fathers.

Credibility in the United States' military was hurt greatly.

This credibility would not be regained until several years later.
Richard M. Nixon: His Détente with the
Soviet Union
This détente is considered the cornerstone of Nixon's presidency.

What is a détente?

A detente is a period of peace during a time of great conflict.

President Nixon came to an agreement with Soviet leader, Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev, with hopes to end the Cold War.
This détente would not have been possible without the agreements between Russia and China.

Why did Nixon use detente instead of previous Cold War strategies?

Nixon wanted to avoid another mishap such as Vietnam at any cost. By imposing detente and Russia and China, Nixon prevented the bloodshed of America's soldiers!
This was just the start.
America had entered
into a cold war that
would almost last half a
century!

Kennedy, Johnson, and
the Start of Vietnam
Election of 1960
The election of 1960 was one of the most important elections in history.

Democratic representative John F. Kennedy ran with Lyndon B. Johnson against Republican Richard M. Nixon partnered with Spiro Agnew.
Election Results
By popular vote, Kennedy won by a very small margin.

Electoral votes made all the difference in this very close presidential race.
Trials in Kennedy and Johnson's Presidencies
Cuban Missile Crisis

Bay of Pigs

Vietnam
Assassination of Kennedy: A Nation in Sorrow
On November 22, 1963, Preside
nt
John F. Kennedy was shot
a
nd killed while rid
ing
in his motorcade through the streets of Dallas, Texas.
Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the assassination.
Kennedy's Successor:
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Johnson's "Great Society"
President Johnson considered himself a "coalition builder."

He took the ideas that Kennedy had come up with and made most of them a reality.

Medicare, Medicaid, and other community action programs were created by Johnson in hopes that America would always flourish.
The Changing Movement: The Battle for Racial Equality
Civil Rights had become a great issue during the 1960s.

Kennedy supported racial equality in the United States, so the African American citizens wanted his ideas to come to life.

Martin Luther King Jr. helped make these ideas come to life with his world-renowned "I Have A Dream" speech.
End of Segregation
All efforts of Civil Rights activists were not in vain.

Desegregation was successful in the United States by the end of the 1960s.
1960s
In the midst of all the turmoil in America during the 1960s, the Cold War raged on with...
And the Score Was:
Capitalism - 1

Communism - 0
The

War

1955- 1975
Throughout the 20 years the Vietnam War raged on, the United States sent over 500,000 troops to the aid of South Vietnam.
The Fall of Saigon
Despite the efforts of American troops in South Vietnam, the war ended with the loss of over 50,000 soldiers.

The capture of South Vietnam's capital, Saigon, signaled the end of the Vietnam War.
Score Update:
Capitalism - 1

Communism - 1
During the last few years of the Vietnam War, Richard M. Nixon was elected President.

Nixon had his own way of combating the threat of communism: Detente!
Détente Policies:
Nuclear Non-aggression Act - Restricted nuclear testing and threats by use of nuclear weapons.
Extrication of troops from Vietnam
Détente in the West
1970 Moscow Treaty
Expansion of East and West Trade
The 1980s: Reagan and the End of the Cold War
Economic Crisis in Russia: Nearing the End
The costs of the arms race between the Soviet Union and the United States became too much for Russia to handle.
The Iron Curtain Falls: The End of Communism
What became known as the Failed Coup of August, 1991, marked the end of Communism and the Cold War.

Reagan found out the way to win a non-combatant battle is by economics.
Reagan's Legacy: The End of the Cold War
Reagan's address to the nation after the end of the Cold War:
And
The most powerful weapon known to man: The Atomic Bomb
The Aftermath
The Cold War may have ended in the early 1990s, but the United States continues to battle for freedom on a daily basis.

Liberty, Freedom, and the Pursuit of Happiness are what make up the foundation of America.
The Concluding Questions. How much did you pay attention?
What is Capitalism vs Communism?

When did the Cold War begin and end?

Who was the president at the beginning of the Cold War? At the end?

Which two countries divided in two during the Cold War?
Where are we today?
Much time has passed since then end of the Cold War, but even today there are great threats to the freedom that we hold dearly.




Terrorist groups seek to eliminate our ideas of freedom even as we speak.
Terrorism Spreads Like a Plague
We consider terrorism to be one of the greatest threats in the world today.
It seems as if no nation is exempt from this threat.
Nations world-wide face terrorist forces that span across the globe.
Our Nation's First View
September 11, 2001 was the first great act of terrorism that the United States had ever seen. Two 757 aircraft
hi-jacked by terrorist groups crashed into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers.
Nearly
3,000
Lives
Were
Lost
in this
Tragedy.
The War on Terror Begins
The moment President Bush was notified of the attack, the idea of a "War on Terror" was formed.
Terrorism Strikes Again
A short distance away, the United States' Pentagon was also attacked by a hi-jacked 757 aircraft.
America's Priorities Since 9/11
As far as the US government is concerned, the number one priority is the prevention of any further terrorist attacks.
As soon as the attacks occurred, America's priorities made one of the greatest shifts in its nation's history.
FBI Director Robert S. Mueller, III, stated to the Senate Committee on Homeland Security that "Since 9/11, many of the terrorist threats facing the United States endure, but some are also evolving and transforming in ways that present new challenges."
Civilian Priorities Since 9/11
Greater sense of patriotism

Lessened self-centered mentalities

Realization that even though the Cold War may be over, the threat against freedom will always be present

Security of one's own family
The gathering of intelligence on these threats continues to be the highest priority to reduce the chances of another attack of 9/11 magnitude.
The US Brings Terror to the Terrorists' Front Door
US involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan
United States' Armed Forces began their assault on terrorist regimes in Iraq, Afghanistan, and North Korea.

President George W. Bush began this war based on the notion of "Containment."

Just as his predecessors did during the Cold War, he believed that terrorism was a plague that must be minimized at any cost.
Freedom

Reigns

Supreme
Freedom from Communism and Terrorism is something most take for granted.

Most of us do not realize how many lives are actually lost for this cause.

Countless thousands of soldiers have fought to keep our peace; spanning from the War of 1812 to the War on Terror that continues as we speak.
US Involvement in the Global Community
The United States has mobilized many forces in countries around the globe.

These efforts are for the hopes that any nation that desires freedom from tyranny shall gain as much.

Freedom will always reign supreme as long as there are those who are willing to risk their lives for the greater good of all mankind.

Freedom is the idea that founded this great nation.

NEVER FORGET!!
Freedom Montage Time!!
References
Brinkley, A. (2012). American History: Connecting with the Past (14th ed.). New York, N.Y.: McGraw Hill.
CBSNews. (2009). Sunni Bomb Attack Kills 37 Shiites. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-500257_162-2035758.html
CIAO. (2001). Combating Terrorism: How Five Foreign Countries Are Organized to Combat Terrorism. Retrieved from http://www.ciaonet.org/cbr/cbr00/video/cbr_ctd/cbr_ctd_21.html
FoxNews.com. (2003). Rumsfeld: Criticism Harms War on Terror. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,96716,00.html
Riccardi, N. (2009). Fort Hood Tx. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/keyword/fort-hood-tx
U.S. Department of State. (2012, September 28). Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm
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