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Unit 5 - The Industrial Revolution
Transcript of Unit 5 - The Industrial Revolution
Because of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, the world would never be the same again...
The Causes of the Industrial Revolution:
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution:
The Legacy of the Industrial Revolution
Unit 5 - The Industrial Revolution
After the Glorious Revolution and the rise of William & Mary of Orange, Great Britain began a period of population growth and inventions. This led to:
a larger workforce
more capital (money) to earn and invest
improvements in education, due to the Enlightenment and innovations from the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century
a large global trade market due to exploration and colonialism.
Why Great Britain?
2. Resources -
Great Britain possessed an abundance of natural and financial resources (money) due to:
coal, iron, lead, copper, etc. in the countryside
profits from their colonies in the Americas and from the slave trade between Africa and the Caribbean
1. Self Interest -
citizens of Great Britain wanted to become wealthy and live a better life. This led to a new economic system known as 'Capitalism'.
There were 2 main factors why the Industrial Revolution first occurred in Great Britain:
A group of inventors surfaced during the Industrial Revolution that made a direct impact on citizens then and continue to impact today.
These inventors and inventions included:
The Inventors and Innovations of the Industrial Revolution:
James Watt - Steam Engine
George Stephenson - Railroad
Alexander Graham Bell - Telephone
Thomas Edison - Lightbulb
Robert Fulton - Steamboat
James Hargreaves - Spinning Jenny
Industry - a group of profit making companies
Example - the banking industry
Revolution - a fundamental change in a nation's government, political system, and/or way of life.
Example - The American & French Revolutions
The Life of Thomas Edison
Effects of the Industrial Revolution included:
the rise of the working, middle-class
Urbanization - increase population of citizens moving from rural areas (farms) to urban areas (cities)for work.
a system of child labor
increase in population and life expectancy
the rise of Capitalism in developed countries
Child Labor of the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution will always be remembered for the positive and negative effects it had on society. When you think of the Industrial Revolution...what do you remember??
The Industrial Revolution had a large impact on people across the world. Positive effects such as innovations and a rise in the standard of living. But, negative effects such as harsh working conditions and increased disease in the overpopulated cities overshadow many of the results.
On a Final Note...
The 3 Factors of Production:
There are 3 things that are absolutely necessary for industrialization to occur within a country.
1. Land - there must be enough suitable land for factories to be built and raw materials to be used.
2. Labor - there must be enough people to work the factories and remain productive.
3. Capital (money) - there must be money to open factories, pay workers, and invest in new machines.