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Rene Descartes

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michaela johnson

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of Rene Descartes

By: Keyonna Adams & Michaela Johnson
Back Ground
Rene Decartes was born March 31, 1596, La Haye, Touraine, France to Joachim Decartes and Jeanne Brochard, and died February 11, 1650, Stockholm, Sweden.
His mother died one year after his birth, so René Descartes grew up with a nurse and his grandmother.
Pubished texts

Table of Contents:
Study & Travel
From the age of eight, René Descartes attended the Jesuit college in La Flèche as a boarder. At 16, René Descartes successfully completed his education. He studied law in Poitiers. In 1616 he graduated with a degree in law.That same year Descartes worked under the famous general Moritz von Nassau in the Dutch town of Breda, where he met the doctor and natural scientist Isaac Beekman.

From 1618 to 1628 he traveled throughout Europe as a soldier. Living on income from inherited properties, Descartes served without pay and saw little action. He was present, however, at one of the major battles of the Thirty Years War (1618–48). Descartes sought out famous mathematicians, scientists, and philosophers wherever he traveled


Rene Descartes :
Father of Modern Day Philosophy

Contributions and Impacts
Descartes used letters from the beginning of the alphabet for constants and known quantities, and letters from the end of the algebra for variables. So Descartes is the reason we solve for x, and not some other symbol
Descartes also devised the principle of inertia(a property of matter by which it continues in its existing state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line, unless that state is changed by an external force.)
He virtually condensed the range and variety in the World by his well-known phrase; “matter in motion”.
His most significant philosophical position was connected with the mind-body dichotomy(The mind and body are separate)
He invented the Cartesian coordinate system

Fun Facts
3587 Descartes" is the name of an asteroid discovered by Lyudmila Zhuravlyova in 1981 and named after René! There is no such thing as a Descartes shoe or a Descartes protractor, though I'm sure he was a frequent user of both of these things.
Francine was born in 1635 and despite the nature of her conception, she was baptised and recorded as a legitimate birth(She was the daughter of Rene and Helene a servant). Descartes often referred to her as a niece. She died in 1640 as a result of scarlet fever. She was just five years old.
The Pope banned his works from the Catholic church.
He has a rule of signs in math named after him.
Cogito, ergo sum
Cogito, ergo sum translates into "I think, therefore I am; Je pense, donc je suis"
Influences
Decartes texts have been published since 1637( the latest was in 2003). When he was alive ,other writings ,and people influenced him.
WORK CITED
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/descartes.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/158787/Rene-Descartes
http://www.egs.edu/library/rene-descartes/biography/
http://www.descartesrene.com/
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/descartes-works/
Read more: http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Descartes-Rene.html#ixzz3KBHFSfXO
http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/contribution-of-rene-descartes-to-mathematics-philosophy-essay.php
Back ground
Education and Travel
Influences
Cogito, ergo sum
Published texts
Contributions and Accomplishments
Legacy/Connection to
lord of the flies
Fun Facts
Video
Picture quotes
Work cited
"Cogito Ergo Sum"
Texts by Decartes:
La Géométrie
Meditations on First Philosophy
Principles of Philosophy
The Passions of the Soul
The World
Rules for the Direction of the Mind
Treatise of Man
Descartes: Selected Philosophical Writings
Philosophical Essays and Correspondence
Discourse on the Method
Los Principios de La Filosofia













His theological beliefs became controversial at the time and faced direct opposition from the Pope because he studied skepticism(A philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain).Which caused him to say Cogito Ergo Sum.


Is a philosophical Latin statement used by René Descartes, that became the fundamental element of Western philosophy. The meaning of the phrase is that if someone wonders whether or not he exists, that is, in and of itself, proof that he does exist (because, at the very least, there is an "I" who does the thinking)
Legacy /Connections
The things that readers find valuable in Descartes' work have changed over the centuries.
We have seen that his natural philosophy had an immediate impact that lasted into the eighteenth century. His theory of vision was part of that heritage, as were his results in mathematics.
We have also seen that his mechanistic account of the psychology of the sensitive soul and his view that animals are like machines were revived in the nineteenth century.
Video:Total Philosophy: Why René Descartes said 'I think, therefore I am'
His philosophical ideas connect to the
Lord of the Flies
because Ralph knew that he was living in reality,and peoples lives mattered.And that ople dying was a problem.
Full transcript