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Darius of Persia

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Janette Quarles

on 12 October 2014

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Transcript of Darius of Persia

Darius of Persia
ascending The Throne
Darius ascended the throne by
assassinating the alleged
usurper Bardiya with the
assistance of six other
Persian noble families; Darius
was crowned the
following morning. The new
emperor met with rebellions
throughout his kingdom,
and quelled them each time.
A New Empire
Darius organized the empire by dividing it into
provinces and placing satraps(provincial governors) to govern it. He organized a new uniform monetary system,along with making Aramaic the official language of the empire. Darius also worked on construction projects throughout the empire, focusing on Susa, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Babylon, and Egypt. Darius createda codification of laws for Egypt. He also carved the cliff-face Behistun Inscription, an
autobiography of great modern linguistic significance.

Darius the Great with the symbol of Zoroastrianism overhead. His right foot is on the body of a conquered foe, while he addresses representatives of his captive nations.
Darius the First
King of Persia 522-486BC
One of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty
Noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects
Attempted to conquer Greece several times
his fleet was destroyed by a storm in 492 BC
the Athenians defeated his army at marathon in 490Bc
Darius the Third
During his reign, Darius completed the work of his predecessors, and not only did he “hold together the empire,” he also extended it in all directions. He also centralized the administration of the empire, encouraged cultural and artistic pursuits, introduced legal reforms, and developed juridical systems. In addition, many large building projects were started under Darius’ rule, including the construction of a new capital city called Persepolis. Hence forth, with Darius as Great King, Achaemenian Persia became the largest empire in the world.

Darius v. Darius the Third
The lack of sources for the last century of Achaemenid rule (Frye, p. 135) is especially severe for the life and reign of Darius III. There are no Persian royal texts or monuments, and what is known comes almost solely from the Greek historians, who depicted his career mainly as a contrast to the brilliant first few years of Alexander the Great.

Bardiya, also called Smerdis (died 522 BC), a son of Cyrus the Great of Persia and possible king of Persia in 522 BC, although some accounts claim the king known as Bardiya was an impersonator of that son.
"Ancient Greece: The Persians Attack Greece". Video. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/84451/In-the-5th-century-BC-the-Persian-King-Darius-set>
Fife, Steven. "Darius I." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited, 02 Sept. 2009. Web. Oct. 2014. <http://www.ancient.eu/Darius_I/>.
Munn-Rankin, J.M. "Darius I (king of Persia)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 03 Sept. 2014. Web. Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/151591/Darius-I>.
Lendering, Jona. "Darius the Great: 9. Death." Darius the Great. Livius, 11 Apr. 2014. Web. Oct. 2014. <http://www.livius.org/person/darius-the-great/9-death/>.
"Persepolis." - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. UNESCO/CLT/WHC, n.d. Web. Oct. 2014. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/114>.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Bardiya (king of Persia)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 03 Sept. 2014. Web. Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/549552/Bardiya>.
"Encyclopædia Iranica." RSS. ENCYCLOPÆDIA IRANICA, 17 Nov. 2011. Web. Oct. 2014. <http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/darius-v>.
Persepolis was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built on an immense artificial and natural terrace, where the king of kings created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The importance and quality of the monumental ruins make it a unique archaeological site.
DArius The First
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