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Women of Reform Movements

Harriet Tubman Elizabeth Cady Stanton Sojourner Truth
by

Michaela Austin

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Women of Reform Movements

Elizabeth Cady Stanton born Nov. 12, 1815
Father was a lawyer and judge
Women came to Stanton’s father for legal advice, but he was unable to help them because women didn't have legal rights.
She studied Greek, Latin, and Math in school even though only men studied those subjects at that time.
She was inspired by Harry B. Stanton who later became her husband Stanton and others organized a meeting to discuss women’s rights. Nearly 300 women and 40 men attended the meeting. This meeting was later called the Seneca Falls Convention.
Wrote the “Declaration of Sentiments” which was written similar to the Declaration of Independence. She wrote that “all men and women are created equal”. This document called for equal opportunities in education and jobs, fair laws about marriage and the right to vote for women. •Stanton became friends with Susan B. Anthony and the two worked to improve lives for women as well as African Americans after the Civil War. Reform Movements Abolition
The movement to end slavery. Women's Suffrage
The movement to give rights to women including the right to vote. Harriet Tubman •Born as a slave in 1820 and began working at age 6.
•After the plantation owner died, Tubman escaped. She found shelter with a Quaker woman. This woman directed Tubman to other Quaker safe houses.
•The path that Tubman took had been named the Underground Railroad. • Once she arrived in Pennsylvania she was able to find work however she was unable to forget about the family she left behind.
•She decided to become a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. She returned to the South to help other slaves. If she had been caught she would have been put to death.
•Tubman made 19 trips back to Maryland leading more than 300 slaves to freedom.
•She was named Moses after the character in the Old Testament in the Bible. During the Civil War, Tubman served with the Union Army (North). She cared for sick and homeless slaves who had taken refuge with the Union Army. She also acted as a spy and led a raid that freed nearly 800 slaves. Sojourner Truth •Born a slave in 1797 and spent 30 years as a slave. Named Isabella by one master.
•Was sold many times during the 30 years. She was promised freedom by one owner after New York called for freedom for slaves. He did not keep his promise. She fled with her baby.
•Received help from an abolitionist couple. They bought her for $20 to give her freedom. To thank them, she took their last name as her own.
•Later changed her name to Sojourner Truth meaning “one who travels and speaks with truth” • Used her experiences to speak out against slavery
•Known for her speech “Ain’t I a Woman”. In it she shared that she hadn’t received special treatment because she was a woman and she had done the same work a man does.
•Truth dictated her autobiography titled Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave.
•Truth was the first African American woman to win a court case against a white man. •Worked as a nurse during the Civil War and collected supplies for African American troops
•Met President Lincoln at the White House.
•While in Washington, Truth worked to help freed slaves find homes and organized “sit-in” protests. These protests helped end segregation of street cars in Washington.
•Truth tried unsuccessfully to persuade the government to create educational programs for freed slaves.
•In the years following, Truth continued to talk to people about equal rights for African Americans and women – including women’s suffrage (right to vote). A reform movement is when people work together to change things The Underground Railroad was the name given to the route escaping slaves took to reach freedom. It was NOT a real railroad!
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