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Kohlberg's theory of child moral development
Transcript of Kohlberg's theory of child moral development
All about Lawrence Kohlberg!
- The method focused on the reasoning behind the judgment which gave greater insight into moral development
Obedience and Punishment Orientation- In reality, the punishment most parents give their child would be a time out, take away a favorite toy and/or game or even a lecture. No child likes to be punished, so always rewarding good behavior, being clear about rules, and modeling good behavior should help with a child’s obedience.
Strengths & weaknesses
- Kohlberg’s theory can be applied to both sexes
- Situations where hypothetical and so do not reflect real life moral reasoning (also does not show how they would react in a real life situation) and therefore has low predictive validity
Key elements of Kohlberg's theory
6 Stages & 3 levels
First level, "Pre-conventional."
Stage 1: Punishment & obedience
Stage 2: Instrumental orientation
Second level, "Conventional."
Stage 3: Good girl/good boy orientation
Stage 4: Morality of authority & maintaining social order
Third level, "Post- conventional."
Stage 5: Individual rights & democratic accepted law
Stage 6: Morality of individual principles of conscience
As he studied how children grew up & how their moral judgements changed, he realized that younger participants made judgements based on the likely hood of rewards & punishments while older participants refer to intentions & the importance of being accepted in society.
- Moral reasoning develops through irreversible stages both sexes ranging from 5-63 years using responses to hypothetical dilemmas
- High cognitive load; too difficult to remember detail, responses may be based on incomplete detail
- Lawrence Kolberg was born October 25th 1927 and passed away January 19th 1987.
- Lawrence was a psychologist who was best known for his stages of moral development and he was a professor at the Psychology Department at the University of Chicago.
-In 1958, Kohlberg wrote what are now known as Kohlberg's stages of moral development. These stages are planes of moral adequacy conceived to explain the development of moral reasoning.
- He studied 72 middle class and lower class boys in Chicago, the boys he studied were the ages of 10, 13 and 16 which explored of moral ethical development in young people. Each boy was interviewed individually and asked to read a moral dilemma story similar to the “Heinz Dilemma”.
- Married Lucy stigberg in 1955 and had 2 sons.
- He died of an apparent suicide 1987 after a long battle of depression in 1987.
Which of the following is an example of altruism?
C)Saying thank you
D)Not eating with your fingers
Recognizing another person's emotional condition and experiencing
what they are feeling is called...
Individualism and Exchange- In reality, a child would stop listening to their parents orders/way of living for certain things.
Good Interpersonal Relationships- In reality, a child can and most likely would want to prove
that their the best/a good child at some time. In order to do so, most children will start making their bed, doing chores,
being extremely nice, make/get gifts for parents, and just doing stuff without being asked to do so.
Maintaining the Social Order- In reality, once a child starts interacting more with society, they tend to learn a bunch of new things. At this point, the child is trying to learn from the good stuff and the bad. Most children will either learn from their mistakes, pick up from others, try to uphold the law, and pretty much anything in order to avoid guilt.
Social Contract and Individual Rights- In reality, everyone at one point in their life is going to make their own decisions, or want to explore their options. Most include being curious about certain things, and this is where the rebellious stage is most likely going to happen. Some things include; sneaking out, trying drugs and alcohol, partying, and technically doing things that would either upset or disappoint their parents.
Universal Principles- In reality, some do not like listening to others, taking advice or anything.
They would start turning down everything and start making up their own way to live and/or doing things.