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ALGONQUIN AND THE IROQUOIS

SOCIAL STUDIES
by

andrea rox

on 21 February 2011

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Transcript of ALGONQUIN AND THE IROQUOIS

ALGONQUIN AND IROQUOIS THE IROQOIS WERE MADE UP OF FIVE TRIBES. THESE TRIBES WERE THE MOHAWK, ONEIDA, ONONDAGA, CAYUGA, AND SENECA. THE IROQUOIS HOMES WERE CALLED LONGHOUSES. THESE WERE NARROW, LONG BUILDINGS WITH ARCHED ROOFS. TWO FAMILIES LIVED IN EACH
LONGHOUSE. THE HOUSES WERE FROM 20 TO 100 FEET LONG. PLATFORMS WERE PLACED ON THE INSIDE WALLS. SEE? THERE WERE COOKPITS AND SMOKE HOLES FOR EACH FAMILY. IN MY MODEL, I HAVE STORED DRIED BEANS AND SQUASH UNDER THE PLATFORMS, WICH THEY DID. FOOD AS YOU KNOW, THE THREE MAIN FOOD ITEMS WERE THE "THREE SISTERS" AS IN CORN, SQUASH, AND BEANS. BUT THATS NOT IT!! WOMEN AND CHILDREN ALSO COLLECTED WILD ROOTS, PLUMS, CHERRIES, NUTS, AND BERRIES. THEY COLLECTED SUNFLOWERS TO MAKE OIL. MEN WOULD HUNT DEER, BEAR, RABBITS, DUCKS, AND GEESE. HOMES CLOTHING SEWING NEEDLES WERE MADE FROM BONE, AND SHARPENED ROCKS OR STONES TO SRAPE OR SMOOTHEN ANIMAL HIDES. WOMEN WORE DRESSES AND LEGGINGS, USUALLY MADE FROM DEERSKIN.THEY USUALLY DECORATED THEIR CLOTHES WITH BEADS AND FEATHERS MEN WORE SHIRTS AND LEGGINGS. IF IT WAS HOT, MEN WOULD PROBABLY WEAR SASHES INSTEAD OF LEGGINGS. USUALLY, THE IROQOIS WORE MOCCASINS ON THEIR FEET. THEY WERE MADE OF DEERSKIN AND WERE DECORATED WITH DESIGNS MADE OF BEADS OR QUILLS. SASHES WERE MADE FROM WOVEN PLANT FIBERS. TOOLS AND SUPPLIES THE IROQUOIS USED SNOWSHOES TO TRAVEL ACROSS THE LAND. CANOES WERE USED TO TRAVEL BY WATER. THEY WERE BUILT FROM BIRCHBARK. SOME COULD HOLD UP TO 20 PEOPLE!! THEY USED BIRCHBARK TO BUILD THEIR CANOES BECAUSE IT WAS LIGHT YET STRONG, SO ITS STRENGHTH CAME IN USE FOR HEAVY LOADS. HUNTING AND BUILDING TOOLS WERE MADE FROM BONE. FAMILY IROQUOIS CHILDREN WOULD BE BORN IN LONGHOUSES. THE BABIES WOULD BE BUNDLED UP AND GENTLY TIED INTO A CRADLEBOARD. MOTHERS WOULD CARRY THE CRADLEBOARD ON THEIR BACKS. IROQUOIS CHILDREN WERE EXPECTED TO BEHAVE WELL, AND IF THEY DIDNT THE PARENTS WOULD TALK TO THEM. IF THAT DIDNT WORK, THEY SPRAYED MOUTHFULS OF WATER ON THEM. FUN AND GAMES CHILDREN WOULD PLAY A GAME CALLED JAVELIN, PLAYED WITH A HICKORY STICK AND WOODEN HOOP. THE IROQUOIS WOULD PLAY A GAME CALLED SNOWSNAKE. LACROSSE WAS A PRETTY POPULAR GAME. BEFORE PLAYING THE GAME, THE IROQUOIS WOULD PRAY AND THEY WOULDNT EAT ANYTHING. THEN, THEY USED ALL THEIR STRENGHTH FOR THE GAME!! DID YOU KNOW, THE LACROSSE TEAMS COULD HAVE SIDES WITH AS MANY AS 800-1000 PEOPLE ON EACH SIDE SOMETIMES?? WELCOOOME TO
MY PRESENTATION!! KEEP YOUR EYES OPEN SINCE THERE WILL BE A GAME ON IT WICH WILL NEED YOU PAYING ATTENTION! NOWW...THE ALGONQUIN!! (applause) Now,we did come here to compare these two nations, so here's a venn diagram to show what they did the same!! HOMES THE ALGONQUIN LIVED IN WIGWAMS MADE OF BIRCHBARK THE ALGONQUIN WERE A FIRST NATION THAT LIVED ON THE ATLANTIC COAST SHELVES WERE BUILT ALONG THE WALLS TO HOLD POTS AND DISHES. THERE WERE FIREPITS IN THE CENTRE OF EACH WIGWAM USED TO PROVIDE SHELTER AND WARMTH. CLOTHES WOMEN WORE TUNIC-STYLED DRESSES THAT WERE SLEEVELESS AND MADE FROM ANIMAL HIDES. THEY WOULD SEW SLEEVES ON IN THE WINTER THEY WOULD ALSO WEAR LEGGINGS WHEN IT WAS COLD. MEN ALSO WORE CLOTHING MADE FROM ANIMAL HIDES. ALL THE ALGONQUINS WORE MOCCASINS. FOOD THE ALGONQUIAN WOMEN WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR GATHERING WILD RICE, MAPLE SYRUP, AND BERRIES. THE ALGONQUIN ATE: THE ALGONQUIN WERE KNOWN FOR THERE FAMOUS HAZELNUT SOUP, "PAGANEN" NOW WE ARE GOING TO PLAY A LITTLE GAME.. USE THE SMARRTBOARD MARKER TO WRITE DOWN WHAT THE IROQUOIS AND THE ALGONQUIN HAD IN COMMON. IF THE MARKER ISNT WORKING, OR WE ARE NOT USING A SMARTBOARD, JUST COME UP AND SAY THE ANSWER. TOOLS AND SUPPLIES THE ALGONQUIN USED BEAR PAW SNOWSHOES TO TRAVEL ACROSS SNOW. NATURE PROVIDED THE ALGONQUINS WITH THE SUPPLIES THEY NEEDED. THIS INCLUDED ANIMALSKINS AND BONES, ROCKS, BARK, AND WOOD. HUNTING TOOLS WERE USUALLY MADE OF SHARPENED STONES ATTACHED TO BONE OR WOOD. WOMEN USED BIRCHBARK TO MAKE FOOD CONTAINERS. TO MAKE A WIGWAM, YOU WOULD FIRST TAKE SOME BRANCHES AND LAY THEM OUT IN A CIRCLE. NEXT, YOU WOULD TIE THEM TOGETHER AT THE TOP * THEN, WOMEN WOULD SEW STRIPS OF BIRCHBARK OR ANIMAL HIDES TOGETHER AND OVERLAP THEM. THEN THEY WOULD LAY THEM OUT ON THE WIGWAM. AND YOU HAVE A FINISHED WIGWAM! THERE WERE SMOKE HOLES IN THE ROOFS IDEA: WHEN THE ALGONQUIN WANTED TO MOVE, THEY TOOK EVERYTHING WITH THEM EXEPT FOR THE LONGHOUSE FRAME, SO IF THEY CAME BACK, THEY WOULDNT HAVE TO REBUILD IT. MEN WORE LPOINCLOTHS. THESE WERE STRIPS OF CLOTH TO KEEP THE LOWER BODY WARM. MEN WORE HEADRESSES MADE FROM ANIMAL HIDES AND RACOON FUR. DEER, SALADS MADE OF WATERCRESS, WILD ONIONS, AND DANDELIONS, HAZELNUTS, AND BIRDS. THE ALGONQUIN WERE KNOWN AS THE HUNTER GATHERERS. BUT THEY DIDNT ALWAYS LIVETHERE. ABOUT 600 YEARS AGO, THEY MOVED TO THE OTTAWA VALLEY, ALONG THE BOARDER OF ONTARIO AND QUEBEC. ANIMAL BONES WERE USED TO MAKE NEEDLES. THEY TRAVELED ON WATER WITH BIRCHBARK CANOES. ART THE ALGONQUIN USED ITEMS FOUND IN NATURE TO CREATE THEIR ART. FOR EXAMPLE, BASKETS WERE MADE FROM MANY MATERIALS, INCLUDING BIRCHBARK. THESE BASKETS WERE DECORATED WITH PORCUPINE QUILLS. THEY USED QUILLS OR SHELLS TO DECORATE CLOTHING. FAMILY AND CHILDREN ALL THE ALGONQUIN MEMBERS WERE MEMBERS OF A CLAN. A CLAN WAS A GROUP, EACH NAMED AFTER AN ANIMAL THE ANIMAL WOULD WACH OVER AND PROTECT EACH FAMILY. WHEN FAMILY MEMBERS DIED, THEY WERE BURIED IN THEIR BEST CLOTHES. WHEN A BABY WAS BORN, EVERYONE IN THE FAMILY, INCLUDING THE MOTHER, WAITED FOR ANIMAL TO COME TO THE WIGWAM WHEN THIS HAPPENED, IT WAS NEVER DISTURBED. IT WAS ALLOWED TO WATCH OVER THE BABY. USUALLY, THE CHILD WAS NAMED AFTER THE ANIMAL. GIRLS HELPED THEIR MOTHERS THEIR ENTIRE LIVES. BOYS LEARNED HOW TO HUNT.
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