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Paragraph Transitions

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Jacorey Ingram

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Paragraph Transitions

7. Position
This transition establishes place and position, whether physically or in a conceptual form of organization. Examples: behind, adjacent, on top of it.

8. Emphasis
When you want to emphasize the main point in a previous paragraph in the succeeding one, you use these transitional expressions. Examples: in fact, of course, indeed.

9. Example
The example isn’t a transition you frequently use for paragraphs. Most of the time, you’ll use it for sentence, rather than paragraph, transitions. Examples: for instance, to illustrate, as an example.

10. Summary/Conclusion
Typically, this is used to transition into your conclusion. Examples: as a while, to conclude, to sum up, in the end.
Types of Transitional Expressions (Cont.)
1. Similarity
This type of transition points out a similarity from the previous paragraph to the next. Examples: likewise, similarly, in the same way, just like.

2. Exception
This transition contrasts an element of the idea in the second paragraph from the first. Examples: however, on the other hand, nevertheless, on the contrary.

3. Order
You use this when showing the sequence of ideas. Examples: first, second, next, initially, finally.

4. Time
This transition establishes chronology. Examples: after, afterwards, currently, at the same time, recently.

5. Additional Support
You use this type of expression when following the previous idea with additional supporting ideas along the same line. Examples: additionally, furthermore, also, moreover.

6. Cause and Effect
When the succeeding paragraph is a direct result of the previous paragraph, an expression showing causation is your best recourse. Examples: consequently, as a result, hence, thus.

Types of Transitional Expressions
Transitions help establish clear connections between different paragraphs

When transitioning between two paragraphs, use the last sentence of the first paragraph to preview the contents of the second.
Common Mistakes
Paragraph Transitions
Jacorey Ingram
English 110
February 10, 2014
Purdue University. "How To Improve Paragraph Transitions." How to Write English RSS. Purdue University, 01 Mar. 2013. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. [C1]

Writeenglish.org. "How To Improve Paragraph Transitions." How to Write English RSS. Writeenglish.org, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. [C2]
Without transitions?
Writing tends to be choppy, jumpy and abrupt.
How Transitions Work
Establish relationship between major ideas.
-News, beginning, endings
Instead of doing that, a more appropriate transition is to start the new paragraph with a brief reference to the last one. That is, you take a specific angle from the last paragraph and relate it to the topic of your new paragraph. Doing so allows you a smooth transition without burdening any paragraph with an off-topic sentence.
Things to Keep in Mind
Keep Transitions Short
Transitions should be no more than one or two sentences (paraphrase)

Use Synonyms
Try to use synonyms when referring to nouns and objects to keep idea fresh.

Repeat Ideas
Repeat Ideas to add emphasis to your paragraph but do not use the exact same phrase or else your paragraph will sound redundant.

Vary Your Transitions
Simply to keep the reader interested.
Common List of Transitional Phrases
To Add:
and, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, nor, too, next, lastly, what's more, moreover, in addition, first (second, etc.)
To Compare:
whereas, but, yet, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, by comparison, where, compared to, up against, balanced against, vis a vis, but, although, conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true
To Prove:
because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, furthermore, moreover, besides, indeed, in fact, in addition, in any case, that is
To Show Exception:
yet, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, of course, once in a while, sometimes
To Show Time:
immediately, thereafter, soon, after a few hours, finally, then, later, previously, formerly, first (second, etc.), next, and then
To Repeat:
in brief, as I have said, as I have noted, as has been noted
To Emphasize:
definitely, extremely, obviously, in fact, indeed, in any case, absolutely, positively, naturally, surprisingly, always, forever, perennially, eternally, never, emphatically, unquestionably, without a doubt, certainly, undeniably, without reservation
To Show Sequence:
first, second, third, and so forth. A, B, C, and so forth. next, then, following this, at this time, now, at this point, after, afterward, subsequently, finally, consequently, previously, before this, simultaneously, concurrently, thus, therefore, hence, next, and then, soon
To Give an Example:
for example, for instance, in this case, in another case, on this occasion, in this situation, take the case of, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, to illustrate
To Summarize or Conclude:
in brief, on the whole, summing up, to conclude, in conclusion, as I have shown, as I have said, hence, therefore, accordingly, thus, as a result, consequently
Now look at your memoir paper and change at least one paragraph transition.
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