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Copy of Chapter 7 Section 2: The Constitutional Convention

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 had to compromise on key issues in order to complete a new constitution.
by

Mr. Farley

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Chapter 7 Section 2: The Constitutional Convention

Chapter 7 Section 2: The Constitutional Convention
pages 206-210 in our textbook

The Delegates the Convention
Two Rival Plans
delegates realized "tweaking" the Articles wouldn't be enough; they would have to rewrite a new constitution
the delegates disagreed on what form the new government should take
two plans were proposed
1)
Virginia Plan
-called for a strong national government with 3 branches of government:
Legislative branch
would make laws;
executive branch
would carry out the laws;
judicial branch
would decide if laws were carried out fairly. This plan also called for a two-house legislature. Seats in each house would be awarded on the basis of population. Larger states would have more representatives
2)
New Jersey Plan
- William Paterson of NJ proposes this plan, which called also called for 3 branches of government. But the legislature would consist of only 1 house and each vote would have only 1 vote, regardless of its population.

The Great Compromise
Roger Sherman of Connecticut worked out a compromise that satisfied both large and small states
compromise
: a settlement in which each side gives up some demands in order to reach an agreement
Northern and Southern States Compromise
big differences between northern and southern states on the issue of slavery at the Convention.
Would slaves be counted as part of a state's population?
Would slave trade continue to bring slaves into the U.S.?
let's look at bottom of page 208 in our text book!
Signing the Constitution
signed on September 17, 1787
the Constitution called on each state to hold a convention to approve or reject the plan for the new government
once 9 states approved it, the Constitution would go into effect
convention opened on May 25, 1787 in Philadelphia
goal of the convention was to "tweak" the Articles of Confederation
all states except RI sent delegates
55 delegates attended, including Ben Franklin from Pennsylvania at age 81, George Washington from Virginia and Alexander Hamilton from New York
Also there was Virginian James Madison, who would become known as the "father of the Constitution"
the convention meetings were kept secret, so as to be able to explore issues without outside pressures
lesson objectives:
identify the leaders of the Constitutional Convention
explain the differences between the two rival plans for the new Constitution
describe the compromises the delegates had to reach before the Constitution could be signed
key terms
Constitutional Convention
Virginia Plan
legislative branch
executive branch
judicial branch
New Jersey Plan
compromise
Great Compromise
Three-Fifths Compromise
Full transcript