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Origin and Development of Statistics

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Sheema Fatima

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Origin and Development of Statistics

Origin of Statistics
Statistics arose from the need of states to collect data on their people and economies, in order to administer them.

Its meaning broadened in the early 19th century to include the collection and analysis of data in general.

Today statistics is widely employed in government, business, in the natural and social sciences.
Development of Statistics
Statistics has an interesting history of development.

Before becoming a science in its modern sense, statistics had a long history of development.

Numerical data relating to particular events, were being used already in antiquity.

Statistics: A social science at first
Statistics was at first a social science and not a mathematical one.
It was championed by people who hoped the numbers could speak for themselves.
And would quickly identify the causes of social problems such as crime, suicide, and epidemic disease.

By: Anisha, Nidhi, Sheema
Origin and Development of Statistics
(B.Sc III Year)
In Ancient Rome...
Roman Emperor Augustus (27 B.C.-17 A.D.) conducted surveys on births and deaths of the citizens of the empire as well as the amount of livestock each owned and the crops each harvested.

In order to use this information, the Romans had to develop methods of collecting, organizing, and summarizing data.

Early History
The origin of descriptive statistics can be traced to ancient Rome and China.

The Babylonians and Egyptians carried censuses in 4500-3000 B.C.

It is known that 5 thousand years BC a population census took place in China.

Registration of property was conducted in ancient Rome.

In the Middle Ages...
In the Middle Ages, censuses of population, household goods and land were conducted.

During the fourteenth century, people began keeping records on births, deaths, and accidents in order to determine insurance rates .

First School of Statistics
The first scientific school which was much closer to the modern understanding of statistics was an English school of political arithmetic. Its founders were William Petty (1623 - 1687) and John Graunt (1620 - 1674).

Applications of Statistics
Statistics finds its application in a variety of fields such as:

Applications in Agriculture
Applications in Finance
Applications in Pharmacy
Applications in Government Sector
What is Statistics?
The science of collecting, describing, and interpreting data.

Two areas of statistics:
Descriptive Statistics:

collection, presentation, and description of sample data.

Inferential Statistics:

making decisions and drawing conclusions about populations.
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