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Colonial Georgia

Innovative Perspectives

Paloma Ferraz

on 10 September 2012

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Transcript of Colonial Georgia

by Paloma Ferraz, Brittany Stewart, Adrien Fenwick Colonial Georgia Innovative Perspectives How it all began... King George II gave James Oglethorpe
a charter to create a new colony which he would name Georgia. Who was Georgia named after? King George II 1732 There were 2 purposes for this colony. to serve as a barrier against Spanish expansion from Florida 1 to serve as a place where debtors in prison could start over 2 Economy Location Geography Southern colony, located between Savannah & the Altamaha River Climate Long cold winters,and short mild summers Terrain Agriculture People Quakers & Puritans Half being black Indians, Native Americans Indians/Native Americans The biggest group of Indians in colonial Georgia were the Creek Indians. By 1725, there where about 10,000 Creek Indians. Government Colonists had a governor appointed by the king. Political Parties 1777 - Georgia established their first constitution and government. Colonist grew crops and tobacco and sold/traded with other colonies as well as England. Savannah and Augusta were the biggest ports. Great Britain taxed colonist to fund raise to help replenish national wealth. Communication Military Population Major Historical Events James Oglethorpe Major
People founded Georgia John Cabot an Italian explorer who explored the coast of Georgia Industry & Trade Agriculture was the biggest industry. Culture Music Fashion & Clothing Food Education Colonists would make their own music or be entertained by others performing for them. classical music Colonists farmed.
Examples: Tobacco, Corn, Wheat, Indigo

Colonists raised animals.
Examples: Cattle (for Meat, Milk, Butter), Pigs, Turkey

Colonists fished and hunted. Oldest school - Richmond Academy (founded in 1788)
Overall, boys were better educated than girls.
Girls mostly worked at home with mothers.
Boys mostly helped in the farms.
The 1st Constitution of Georgia required each county to have a set up school.
The University of Georgia, still around today, started in 1784. The clothing of a person said a lot about their status, where they lived, or what they were attending.
Richer families who lived in houses that were similar to those in England dressed in London fashion.
Poorer people wore plainer clothing that was more of a function than fashion to them
(Examples: homespun cloth, buckskin breeches). Examples of crops:
•indigo (a plant to make dye)
•sweet potatoes, pumpkins
•chicken, pork, turkey
•chief crops of tobacco Some families who could not afford to purchase clothing would sew their own clothing.
Children (mostly girls) would dress like their parents once they reached their teens. Mountainous Georgia had many farms of tobacco or crops for food. Ethnicity The Pilgrims were Separatists. They wanted to abandon the Anglican Church. The Creeks and colonists exchanged slaves and deerskins for other foreign products like textiles and kettles. During most of the time of colonial Georgia, the Creek Indians outnumbered the European colonists and enslaved African Americans.
They occupied more land than those newcomers. Around 1760 the Creek Indian population decreased in the colony of Georgia.
They ceded the balance of their lands to Georgia when it became a state. Twelve years before James Ogelthorpe returns to England he bans slavery and alcohol.
Colonists wanted to have slaves and alcohol, participate in their own government, and demand land reform. Alcohol was later allowed and three years later slaves were allowed (they worked on tobacco plantations). The Federalist Party was their first party. The Legislative branch got all the power. Trade/Manufacturing When alcohol was allowed back in the colony, it was thought that trade would improve because of the alcohol. Ports/Businesses Southern Colonies - British citizens dominated the business. Middle/New England Colonies - The colonists handled the import and export business. Taxation Colonists didn't like the taxes.
"Taxation without Representation"
started the American Revolutionary War. Georgia was the last colony to
tax its citizens. Property Tax Act of 1852
The first comprehensive state
tax was provided. Languages English was most spoken. The first colonists who arrived from Britain spoke English. Other... Swedish
Swedish The miltary played a big
role for the British Empire by
protecting the southeastern
frontier of its American colonies. This took place from the arrival of the first
British settlers in Feb 1733 until the beginning
of the American Revolution (1776-1783). Militia By 1775 - The militia grew to 2,500 men. The militia was initially founded
as a defensive proprietorship to
protect the more-settled colony of
South Carolina. Every man from age 16 to 60 made up the militia. From 1733 to 1754 a small force of only a few
hundred men defended Georgia. 1740 – Population of 2,021

1750 - Population of 3,500
(including 500 who were black)

1760 – Population of 9,578

1780 – Population of 56, 071 Whites/Blacks 1700 (All Lower South Colonies) – 81 White, 19 Black, 6% (Percentage of Total Pop.)

1775 (All Lower South Colonies) – 59 White, 41 Black, 17% (Percentage of Total Pop.) Religion/Ethnicity Baptist
Protestant MANY SOME Anglican
(religion similar to the
Roman Catholic Church) indigo, rice, sugar Grown crops including tobacco would be sold or traded with other colonies and England. William Crawford part of the Democratic-Republican party 1498: (May 20) Italian explorer John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto)
explored the west coast of Georgia.

1733: Georgia was named after King George II of England.

1742: (July 25) First Thanksgiving Day in Georgia

1754: Georgia officially became a royal colony under Governor John Reynolds.

1788: (Jan 2) Georgia became a state. https://docs.google.com/a/nti.evscschools.com/document/d/1_r8OTD-VQFCqQyRhdeFFGX5jpxcv3bjH_zhF-ZUP7GU/edit Here is the link to a document with all the information you need about the websites we used. The Google Document is open to all New Tech Institute students and teachers. the end. thank you for your attention. We hope you have benefited from our presentation about Colonial Georgia! The Puritans were strong Protestants
and were non-Separatist. View of Savannah in 1734 Alabama Nov 1813 - Georgia Militia before their victory
over the Creek Indians in the battle of Autossee and Tallassee Richmond Academy
in Augusta, GA
Full transcript