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Issues on Cultural Heritage Management in the Philippines

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DapuSn LacbaWan

on 22 July 2016

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Transcript of Issues on Cultural Heritage Management in the Philippines

-Regulate activities inimical to the preservation / conservation of national cultural heritage/ properties, which shall be contained in a separate document;
-Investigate such inimical activities in conjunction with the proper government agencies, such as the Department of Interior and Local Government, the National Historical Institute, the National Museum and other such agencies, with the aim of prosecuting such activities and recommending other actions such as legislation, executive issuances and other appropriate actions;
-May delegate decision making on specific cases to the Chairperson, the Executive Director and the Secretariat as it sees fit. Matters for decision that are not explicitly delegated by resolution shall require Commission action; and,
-Promulgate other rules and regulations and undertake any and all measures as may be necessary to implement R.A. No. 7356.
Key Government Institutions
National Commission for Culture and Arts

- the overall policy making body, coordinating, and grants giving agency for the preservation, development and promotion of Philippine arts and culture; an executing agency for the policies it formulates; and task to administering the
National Endowment Fund for Culture and the Arts
(NEFCA) -- fund exclusively for the implementation of culture and arts programs and projects.

-
de facto

Ministry of Culture
during Marcos Dictatorship 70s-80s

http://www.ncca.gov.ph/main.php

Mandate of NCCA
Specific Mandates
-Call upon and coordinate with other government and non-government and cultural institutions and agencies for assistance in any form;
-Generate resources both from the Government and private sectors, local, national and international, for its operations as well as for the National Endowment Fund for Culture and the Arts (NEFCA);
-Receive and accept donations and other conveyances including funds, materials and other services, by gratuitous title;
-Administer the NEFCA and give grants for the development, protection, preservation and dissemination of Philippine culture and the arts, and designate a comptroller;
-Prepare an annual budget of the Commission and submit the same to the President for inclusion in the annual General Appropriations Act (GAA);
-Advise the President on matters pertaining to culture and the arts, including the creation of a special decoration or award, for persons who have significantly contributed to the development and promotion of Philippine culture and arts;
Issues on Cultural Heritage Management in the Philippines
The government’s support for cultural development is particularly highlighted by the passage of
R.A. 7356
that created the NCCA. The coordination among the cultural agencies was strengthened by the virtue of
Executive Order No. 80
, which placed the
Cultural Center of the Philippines, the National Historical Commission of the Philippines
, the
National Museum
, the
National Library of the Philippines
, and the
National Archives of the Philippines
under the NCCA umbrella.

Further, through
Republic Act No. 9155
, administratively attached the earlier aforementioned five cultural agencies to the NCCA, including now the
Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino / Commission on the Filipino Language
. Thus, the NCCA is responsible for culture and the arts in the Philippines

Within each institutions are sub-offices representing territorial units (regional, provincial, municipal)
Issues:

Natural Disaster & Climate Change
Issues:

- TOURISM as a function of heritage

- Preservation of IP culture (vs. changing livelihood prospect)

In general, the Commission shall undertake the functions of policy formulation, coordination, and grants assistance. It shall also be an executing agency for the policies formulated.
-Encourage and facilitate the organization of a network of regional and local councils for culture and the arts, hereunder described, to ensure a broad nationwide, people-based participation in the formulation of plans, the enforcement of culture-related laws and regulations, the implementation of programs/ projects and the review of funding requirements
-Establish a Secretariat under an Executive Director for the administrative and day-to-day operations of the Commission;
-Set up a system of networking and coordination with and among all existing government cultural agencies for the effective implementation of plans, strategies, programs and activities, and to avoid unnecessary duplication of functions therein;
-Create committees and other mechanisms to help expedite the implementation of plans and strategies;
NCCA Organizational Structure
Governing Board of Commissioners
Secretariat
Organizational Structure of the Secretariat
Affiliated Cultural Agencies
Philippine National Museum
http://www.nationalmuseum.gov.ph/
Cultural Center of the Philippines
www.culturalcenter.gov.ph
Commission on Philippine Languages
www.kwf.gov.ph
National Archives of the Philippines
www.nationalarchives.gov.ph
National Library of the Philippines
http://web.nlp.gov.ph/nlp/
National Historical Commission of the Philippines
http://www.nhcp.gov.ph/
Laws on Heritage in the Philippines
National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009 (Republic Act No. 10066)
"An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its Affiliated Cultural Agencies, and for other Purposes"
Republic Act No. 7356 (April 3, 1992)
"An Act Creating the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), Establishing a National Endowment Fund for Culture and the Arts (NEFCA), and for Other Purposes"
Full transcript