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Can 3D printing cross the chasm between early adopters to ea

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Valeria Lymar

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Can 3D printing cross the chasm between early adopters to ea

Literature review
Everett Roger's classification scheme
Innovators, early adopters, early majority, late majority and laggards

Geoffrey Moore: Crossing the chasm
Focus on early adopters and early majority
Factors of innovation diffusion
Relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability
Compatible within industry use
Non-compatible for household use
Relative advantage
Advantages and disadvantages of 3D printing comparing to standard manufacturing

Currently, 3D printing disadvantages outweighs its advantages
MSING713: Innovation Practices


Group 1:
Andreea Stanciuc
Ghanim Al-Sulaiti
Nicolas Florez
Valeria Lymar

Not user friendly
Requires technical knowledge: CAD
Requires design knowledge
The potential applications of 3D printing
Can 3D printing cross the chasm between early adopters to early majority?

Literature review
Five factors of innovation diffusion

What is the impact of Intellectual Property Rights to 3D printing?

Literature review: four types of Intellectual Property Rights
Adapting existing IP Rights to a new technological change

Observability and trialability
Observable within early adopters
Not observable for the public
Limited access: location
A few academic resources were found about 3D printing
A lack of primary data
Reduce price of 3D printer for the public
Simplicity of use
Deliver the right message to people
Increase observability and trialability
Intellectual Property Rights
3D printing situation-computer situation in the 1970s
Four classes of IP Rights

Copyright is an unregistered right that protects mainly artistic and creative work, being of most relevance to 3D Printing.
But what does artistic work include?
Do 3D printed items fall within the definitions of sculpture or artistic and creative work?
Trademark is a registered right serving to indicate the trade origin of goods
Broader definition including shapes and combinations of colours
E.g. Coca-Cola
A patent grants an exclusive right to the owner for a defined period
Does making spare parts constitute patent infringement?
E.g. replacement bottles found non-infringing of IP Rights
Design rights
Design protection exists in both registered and unregistered forms and protects the distinctive shape and appearance of items
Important for commercial products
Registered design rights
Unregistered design rights
Registered design vs unregistered design
Concern-IP Rights holders
Legal UK environment
Reasons for concern
Reaction - similar to the case of music rights infringement?
Will it be possible to follow the same steps in order to restrict low-cost 3D printing?
Adapting to 3D printing
Government recognized the importance of amendments in the present IP rights law
The aim of these amendments have been to offer a stronger protection to the emerging situation which 3D printing has provoked
Further thoughts
Currently 3D printing disadvantages outweigh advantages
There many things to be adjusted in order for 3D printing to cross the chasm
In order to adapt to the invasion of 3D printing technology, current IP rights muse be adapted.
However, one will be able to measure the level of protection offered by future IP rights changes solely when an actual case will be filed

Looking at the current situation one can wonder whether IP rights would hinder or support the diffusion of 3D printing technology?
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