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Apartheid in South Africa
Transcript of Apartheid in South Africa
Kennedy Carpenter Form and Spatial Extent of the Conflict Effects of Apartheid Black People Laws of Apartheid Racism Spatial Discrimination Roots of the Conflict Tension South Africans were racially classified by their appearance, social acceptance, and descent. Many times the government decided their race by just appearance, even if, for example, a person was of both white and black descent. If a person was considered colored, they would be required to carry passes with them at all times, including an ID and fingerprints. A group of colored people refused to carry their papers and consequently, the government declared a state of emergency in which 69 people died. Apartheid affect all of South Africa. Land was taken from natives tribes and given to non-colored people. Neighborhoods were completely segregated, each side having their own schools and businesses. But the colored neighborhoods were dirtier and poorer compared to the non-colored neighborhoods. Mid-1700's-
Dutch settlers in South Africa start importing slaves from other parts of Africa. Land is seized from tribes living in South Africa and taken over first by the Dutch and then later by the British.
Diamond mining is South Africa begins and the black people are given the most dangerous and least paying jobs. 1980's-
Countries around the world start to pressure South Africa to end apartheid and discrimination against non-white races.
President F.W. de Klerk repeals all apartheid laws.
Nelson Mandela was elected President of South Africa. The group area act:
Split races into different residential areas. In turn this caused mainly Africans to be removed from their homes. Also this caused shortage of food, diseases, and over crowding to become increasingly popular among the darker races. Timeline of the Conflict Segregation Political Power White People Non-colored people had less competition for farming because most of the colored people were removed. White people were at an advantage with the apartheid because it opened up good land for them to live on as well as giving them entire cities for their domain. They also held the higher paying jobs; therefore, creating a better living environment for themselves. The Community People of the darker races were not allowed to own their own vehicles. Instead, they were required to use city and state owned buses and trains as their means of transportation. The only place that black people felt a sense of community was inside their church. Early-1900's-
South Africa declares independence for Britain. New policies were being formed to degrade black people and keep them from being equal to rights.
Nelson Mandela is jailed for 27 years for attempting to end apartheid with the African National Congress. During the 1980's many people and governments around the world started an international campaign to not do business with South Africa in an attempt to end apartheid. Countries banned imports from South Africa and refused to do business with South African countries. This crippled the economy and contributed to the end of segregation. Global Scale Apartheid Presented in Many Places Many laws were created to establish segregation throughout Africa.
Prohibited mixed marriages between whites and other races
Racial residential areas
Colored people excluded from voting poles
Ability to remove blacks and resettle them
Prohibited strike action by blacks We must find new lands from which we can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit the cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies. The colonies would also provide a dumping ground for the surplus goods produced in our factories.
Cecil John Rhodes Although there was a huge amount of discrimination during apartheid, both non-violent and violent action proved to be major contributors to the end of apartheid. The African National Congress was both non-violent and violent with an armed wing call the "Spear of the Nation." This was classified as terrorism by the South African government. As more people stood up to apartheid, the South African government created more laws against protestors. Works Cited
“Apartheid Law.” The Story of Africa: South Africa. BBC World Service, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.
“Apartheid Timeline.” United Nations Cyberschoolbus. United Nations, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.
"Effects of Apartheid." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.
Kurtz, Lester. “Movements and Campaigns: The Anti-Apartheid Struggle in South Africa (1912-1992).” Nonviolent Conflict. International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, June 2010. Web. 12 Dec. 2012.
"South Africa: From Township to Town." South Africa after Apartheid: From Township to Town: Places: Design Observer. The Design Observer Group, 17 Nov. 2011. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.
"South End Museum." South End Museum. South End Museum, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. The two main political parties were the National party and the Afrikaner National Party. Following independence from England, uneasy power-sharing was aparent between these two groups.This continuied until the 1940's, when the Afrikaner National Party was able to gain a strong majority. Strategists in the National Party invented apartheid as a means to cement their control over the economic and social system. Initially, aim of the apartheid was to maintain white domination while extending racial separation.