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Rogers Revised Spanish Colonization and Influence in Texas

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by

John Rogers

on 16 September 2016

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Transcript of Rogers Revised Spanish Colonization and Influence in Texas

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
How did
geography
affect where missions were built in Texas?


Why did central Texas become the area the Spanish decided to build the majority of their
missions
?
Let's Review!
Missions were Spain’s main way of colonizing and were expected to be self-supporting. The first missions were established in the
El Paso area, then East Texas and finally in the San Antonio
area. Missions were used to convert the American Indians to the
Catholic
faith and make loyal subjects to Spain.
Towns – towns and settlements were built near the missions and colonists were brought in for colonies to grow and survive. The first group of colonists to establish a community was the
Canary Islanders
in San Antonio (1730).
Ranches – ranching was more conducive to where missions and settlements were thriving (San Antonio). Cattle were easier to raise and protect as compared to farming.
MAP OF MISSIONS
MISSION TRAIL
Spanish
Colonization
and
Influence
in Texas

Spanish Colonial Homes
"
HACIENDA
"
The Spanish used
timber
and
rocks
to build their homes.
DOG RUN HOMES
built with a breezeway for shade and to catch the breeze
Home Furnishings
made from
natural resources
in the area
Buckskin Clothing
made from deer hide (
a natural resource
)
Water Wells
built to aquire water near their homes
FOOD
killed animals and grew crops
"ACEQIAS (aquifer) "
Many (MOST) places in Texas are named in Spanish!
Amarillo
– in Spanish it means
yellow
. This was the color of the soil of the area and the beautiful wildflowers.







Named by early settlers in this area
Rio Grande – in Spanish it means “
Big River

VAQUERO
Rodeo
Architecture
Home – hacienda
Presidio – fort
Aceqias – wells (aquifer)
Adobe – brick
Arch – style of architecture
Food
Tortillas – flat bread made of corn
Tamales – dumpling made of corn, flour, and meat
Arts
Corridos – ballads
Frescos – mural painting found in Catholic churches
Tejano Music – music that originated from the cultural convergence of Spanish, German, Czech, and Polish music and instruments
Full transcript