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Transcript of Hyphen
lifelong dream of becoming a mer-
maid. Incorrect: Shelley was forced to abandon her dream
of becoming a mermaid due to the fa-
ct that she could not grow gills. Divide a word between pronounceable parts only. One-syllable words should never be divided.
A word having double consonants should be divided between the consonants.
Do not divide a word so that a single letter stands alone.
Words having prefixes and suffixes should usually be divided between the prefix or suffix and the root. Rule Two Use a hyphen with compound
numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine and with fractions used as adjectives Examples Correct Shelley's twenty-four year old friend taught her about scuba diving in order to raise her crushed dreams. Incorrect Shelley then took four-teen classes on scuba diving in order to get her scuba license. Rule Three Use a hyphen with the prefixes
ex-, self-, all-, with the suffix -elect,
and with all prefixes before a proper
noun or proper adjective. Examples Correct With her new friend's help, Shelley became an all-star scuba diver. Incorrect Shelley began swimming three days a week and was the new presidentelect of the Scuba Society. Examples Correct Shelley went scuba diving in her
bright-colored wet suit every day after becoming the president of the Scuba Society. Incorrect Shelley enjoys her adventures underwater, and she likes all the new friends she has met. Rule Five Use a hyphen to prevent
confusion or awkwardness Examples Correct Incorrect Shelley did not; however, enjoy being semiinvalid for the deep dive since she had only been diving for three months. Rule Six When certain words are to be spelled out, it is customary to use hyphens to indicate that you want the letters enunciated separately. Examples Shelley was infuriated that the man called her the wrong name, so she screamed at the man, "My name is Shelley, S-H-E-L-L-E-Y". Incorrect Rule Seven To indicate
and stammering. Rule Eight When a hyphenated phrase is coming up, and you are qualifying it before hand. Examples Correct By the time she had turned twenty-eight, Shelley had a two- or three-year old scuba license. Incorrect Shelley did not even realize she was now qualified to teach twelve or thirteen year old scuba students. Shelley was infuriated that the man called her the wrong name, so she screamed at the man, "My name is Shelley, S.H.E.L.L.E.Y". Shelley was extremely excited for the Scuba Society's semi-invitational. Correct Examples Correct After getting out of the frigid water, Shelley stammered, "I n-n-n-n-need a t-t-towel". Incorrect She exclaimed again, "I am fffffreezing". Citations Truss, Lynne. Eats, Shoots & Leaves. New York, New York: Penguin Group, 2003. 1-204. Print. Rule Four Hyphenate a compound adjective when it
precedes the word it modifies. Warriner, John E. Warriner's English Grammar Composition. United States: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc. 1982. Print.