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13 Colonies: Mid Atlantic States: New Jersey
Transcript of 13 Colonies: Mid Atlantic States: New Jersey
- These benefits included representative government and freedom of religion
- This caused the colony to quickly grow Reasons For Settlement - Some areas of New Jersey were originally settled in 1623 by the Dutch and was known as New Netherlands
- Some areas were then settled by the Swedish in 1638 and named New Sweden
- By 1664, King Charles II had gained control of the Dutch and Swedish areas of land, he granted this land to his brother, The Duke of York (eventually became King James the Second)
- This land was then given to George Carteret (1610-1680) and Lord Berkeley (1602-1678) by King James the Second The Logo used by the Religious Society of Friends since the late 19th century - New Jersey was the third state to ratify the Constitution
- They were the first to ratify the Bill of Rights
- One of seven colonies to abolish slavery during the War of Independence—freed slaves were allowed to join the Continental Army (fighting for Colonies against Britain)
- In 1758, one of the first US Indian reservations was established in New Jersey in Burlington County
- New Jersey was the site of more than 100 battles during the War of Independence
- Several pivotal battles during the War of Independence were fought there, earning it the name: "The Crossroads of The Revolution" - The economy of New Jersey revolved around agriculture but also involved mining, the textile industry, and of course, trade
- The people of New Jersey farmed grains, fruits, vegetables, etc. which they then traded for furs and other produce
- The produced so much that they became known as the “breadbasket” colony because of the plentiful crops/foods such as wheat, corn, beef, pork
- The people mined many minerals and also processed copper and iron ore
- Iron ore was especially important— plows, kettles, tools, locks, nails, large blocks were made from it and exported to England
- The economy was also involved in the production of: A Picture of George Cataret A Picture of Lord Berkeley An Example of a Textile Design - Eventually Quakers (members of the Religious Society of Friends) purchased both Cataret and Berkeley's charters
- This caused the population to increase further
- Through the Quaker's purchase, East and West Jersey was created which was then joined by the crown in 1702 - Cataret was also a Lords Proprietor (landlord) of the former British colony of Carolina, a town called Cataret in New Jersey and Cataret County in North Carolina are both named after him - John Berkeley, also called, The 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, was an English royalist soldier closely associated with The Duke of York Lumber Leather Glass - Also involved in the textile industry
- Flax and hemp farms were established with the aim of furthering this industry Picture depicting the War of Independence The Bill of Rights: a collective name for the first ten amendments in the United States Constitution References http://www.colonial-america.info/new-jersey-colony.htm