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Education As a Social Institution
Transcript of Education As a Social Institution
Monica Shi Education Why is Education important? Knowledge is understanding
Better chance to work at a better paying job
Access to higher education Functions of Education To ensure that leaders are followed, even by opposition
Organization so those with necessary intelligence a chance to lead in any level of society
Selection and Training of leaders Social Inequality Statistics 40% of 18-24 year olds are enrolled in college
Only 69% of students enroll in college right after graduating high school
Largest factor affecting enrollment – Financial
Most people can not afford college Importance of Education Community College State funded community colleges make college affordable
Undergraduate degree in two years
41% of students enroll in community colleges
Helps older adults when they lose their job to get training in another field What is the best teacher? EXPERIENCE Problems Discipline Social Economic Political Socialization
Specialized Knowledge through teachers
Sharing of Norms and Values
Creation and transmission of culture
Getting a Job Manifest Latent Dysfunctions Applying Theory Day Care
Career Resource Bureaucracy and Student Passivity
Students Dropping Out
Unchallenging Academic Standards
Discipline and Violence Control the influx of manpower by keeping youth until a certain age in school Quantitative Success on the job requires:
Subject matter knowledge
Methods and techniques of doing the job
Qualities developed by education:
Independence/Teamwork Qualitative Manifest Functions Production of manpower that is needed by the economy at a specific time
(ie) Doctors, Teachers, Architects
Prepares workers with the knowledge needed
Adjusting manpower to the changing need of the society/economy
Revising curriculum to respond to changes Latent Function Social-Conflict
Private school students generally do better
Public schools differ amongst themselves Public vs. Private Education Busing method
Money and funding is not always the key to good schooling
Example: Home environment Public vs. Private Education Income is a crucial factor
Gap between whites and minorities
A college degree can add much more to one’s income
The United States is #1 in providing schooling for international students Access to Higher Education Two-year colleges enroll 41% of all college students
Beneficial for students financially
Serves local communities and accepts international students
Teachers devoted to teaching Community Colleges Social Control
Tracking Schooling transforms social privilege into personal merit Privilege and Private Merit Social Interaction The basic idea of the symbolic-interaction approach is that people create the reality they experience in their day-to-day interactions
School can be a positive social experience for many children, however for others it can become a nightmare. The severity of problems in schools over time are getting worse.
Talking out of turn.
Breaking dress code.
Zero-Tolerance Policy - Requires suspension or expulsion for misbehavior or bringing weapons on campus Dropping Out The dropout rate for high school students in Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools decreased for the fourth consecutive year
The dropout rate for high school students was:
3.81 in 2010-11
4.07 in 2009-10
4.76 in 2008-09
5.49 in 2007-08
6.43 in 2006-07
The state dropout rate was 3.43. Over the past five years, the number of dropouts in WS/FCS has decreased 43 percent. Bureaucracy Small personal schools that served local communities a century ago have evolved into huge educational factories.
Theodore Sizer (1984:207-9) - one of the country’s most prominent education-reform advocates Identified 5 ways in which schools undermine education:
Little Responsibility Academic Standards The SAT has shows little improvement over time. Even the basic literary is a issue.
A nation at risk recommended a drastic reform;
All students complete several years of English, math, social studies, general science and computer science.Not to promote students until they meet achievement standards.
Teacher training must Improve and teacher salaries be increased to draw talent into the profession.
Cultural values play a part in how hard students work at heir schooling, Perhaps one approach to improving school performance is simply to have students spend more time in school. Who we are... We have become a society that is defined by our social skills in our skills in our skills in our cultural environment.
School is not the only place where we learn to read, write and math. One develops social skills and how to get along with others
Social interactions are needed to gain peer acceptance and form friendships. Some students are popular outgoing and well liked.
Some deal with memory, language, and mother skills are weaknesses for some children.
Some are shy, quiet and timid.
Some are ignored picked on, disliked and become unnoticed and rejected. Watch for clues
Become a listener
Apologize and encourage What We Must Do www.stopbullying.gov