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New Ideas Affect American Colonies

History project

Kateri Danay

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of New Ideas Affect American Colonies

New Ideas Affect
the American Colonies The Enlightenment During the 1600s and 1700s, Europe experienced a movement called the Enlightenment where thinkers used human reason and advanced knowledge through science, religion, and government. Enlightenment Thinkers Offer New Worldviews Impact on the Colonies A number of colonists were inspired by Enlightenment ideas, but many knew little about Enlightenment philosophers and did not have the financial means to build their lives around knowledge. The Enlightenment thinkers changed the way the American Colonists viewed the world. Enlightenment thinkers formed new ideas and new ways of thinking about the world. They were influenced by the works of scientists who were part of the Scientific Revolution. Sir Isaac Newton was an influential scientist from the Scientific Revolution who used reason and observation to formulate new ideas about math and physics. This challenged religious leaders to explain the physical world. Enlightenment thinkers such as Rousseau and Voltaire of France focused on looking for natural laws that could be applied to government, society, and economics. John Locke of Great Britain was an Enlightenment philosopher who believed that people had natural rights that came from God, not from monarchs. His ideas influenced American political leaders in the late 1700s. Benjamin Franklin built his life upon knowledge and was inspired by Enlightenment ideas. He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and was a major figure for his discoveries. Franklin was a printer, author, civic activist, musician, politician, scientist, inventor, statesman, and diplomat. He is well-known for authored books and inventing devices such as the lightning rod and bifocals. Religion in the Colonies Many colonists came to America to freely practice their religions, but some were intolerant of other religions. In the Middle Colonies, diverse churches were tolerated. Churches played a key role in social life, especially in rural areas. The Great Awakening During the mid-eighteenth century, the Great Awakening was a movement when powerful evangelical preachers traveled town to town giving emotion-packed sermons that inspired the American people to seek God's salvation. They rejected the Enlightenment view. George Whitefield was a celebrated preacher who devoted his life to preaching, moving his audiences with the message of salvation. He gave more than 18,000 sermons that attracted crowds so large that meetings had to be held outside. He traveled from Britain to the colonies to preach which helped launch the Great Awakening. Effects of the Great Awakening The Great Awakening gave a profound impact on the colonies: preaching to individuals to find their own salvation, form new churches, and rise in diplomatic beliefs in the colonies. Many colonists believed that if they
could choose their method of worship, they could decide
on their form of government. Families who lived on farms saw the church as a place to gather with other members of their community and for public space. Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States and American Founding Father, was influenced by the Enlightenment which greatly affected the country. He understood the importance of education and was classically educated and practical. As an author of the Declaration of Independence, he shaped the country by strengthening the ideas of natural rights in government and religion. George Whitefield made 13 crossings in the Atlantic Ocean. He visited America 7 times, made 15 journeys to Scotland, and one each to Bermuda, Gibraltar, and Netherlands. Name some thinkers who were part of the Enlightenment. Rousseau, Voltaire, John Locke, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson What helped launch the Great Awakening? When powerful evangelical preachers gave sermons about seeking God's salvation that inspired and touched listeners such as George Whitefield.
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