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GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE

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Ondiz Ruiz

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE

CHARACTERISTICS
CIVILIAN ARCHITECTURE
These elements made the following possible:
Image by Tom Mooring
THE CATHEDRAL
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
RIBBED VAULT
POINTED ARCH
FLYING BUTTRESS
COMPOUND PIER
Between 12th and 15th century

Origin: North of France, at St. Dennis (Abbot Suger)

It spread throughout Europe: it's an internatinoal style.

LARGE WINDOWS
TALL BUILDINGS
Town Hall, Brujas
Lonja de la Seda, Valencia
Examples:
Köln
Milan
Paris
Burgos
Video information:
TASK:
Video information:
more sophisticated .
bigger windows.
pointed arch:more flexible,supported more weight,weight went downwards and outwards.
aim of abbot suger theology of light, a new way to undestand religion (resurrection from darkness).
dedication service was important for the spread of Gothic art , which was seen as the future of architecture.
stained glass windows.
Open spaces with stained glass windows
Walls basically disappeared as they used pointed vaulting
Main difference between the semi circular arch and the pointed arch was that the former pushed the weight outwards and the latter pushed the weight downwards
As a consequence Romanesque needed thick walls and buttresses and Gothic architecture not so
Gothic has a sense of vertical ellegance and Romanesque a sense of gravity
Vocabulary check!
See doc.: How does it work?
See doc.: The development of the Gothic Arch
tHE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GOTHIC ARCH
EARLY ENGLISH
EARLY ENGLISH:
- Use of marble shafts and long narrow lancet windows
- Developed around 1200 after the change of Romanesque
- May be looked at as a rehearsal for later styles
- Masons and builders came to terms with developments in architecture
DECORATED
- It is more flamboyant
-More complicated schemes of tracery in windows
-Builders grew in cofidence
-There was a greater attention to detail
PERPENDICULAR
- Windows perpendicular designs.
- Emphasis of the lines is on the vertical or perpendicular.
- It is unique to Britain.
- Tracery more elaborated.
-There was even greater attention to detail.
- It is even more flamboyant.
KEY VOCABULARY TO EXPLAIN HOW GOTHIC VAULTING WORKS
Full transcript