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SS7CG6 Compare and Contrast Various Forms of Government

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Stephanie Gauntt

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of SS7CG6 Compare and Contrast Various Forms of Government

SS7CG6 Compare and Contrast Various Forms of Government
a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
Unitary: Central government holds nearly all power; Japan and China are examples.
Confederation: Local governments hold all power; United Nations is an example.
Federal: Power is shared between different levels of government; India is an example.
b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, & democratic.
Ruler -absolute power to make and enforce laws
Citizens- no right to vote on leader or laws
Some allow a little local control, but central gov. maintains strong control
People little or no control if they disagree
North Korea is an example.
-“Government by the few”
-Small group of powerful leaders make decisions
-People have little choice- can be similar to autocratic

China is an example.

•“Democracy” from Greek “demos” which means “people”
•Great power given to people
•Need rules, but much individual freedom
•Most decisions made by majority vote
•People vote for government officials

India, Japan, & South Korea are examples.

Presidential Democracy
•Sometimes called Congressional form of government
•President (chief executive) chosen separately from legislature
•Legislature passes laws: President enforces laws
•President’s power separate from legislature, cannot dismiss leg. or force them to enact certain laws
•President = head of government and head of state
•Legislature can dismiss president under extreme conditions (if he has broken a law)

Parliamentary Democracy
•People vote for representatives
•Parliament (legislative body) makes and enforces laws
•Leader chosen by majority party (often called prime minister or premier)
•PM leads parliament w/ help of cabinet (group of advisors)
•PM may be voted out when his party loses power. Can be in position for
indefinite period of time (set by country’s constitution)
•Head of state = ceremonial leader
•Ex: India- largest parliamentary democracy in world. Legislative branch = Indian National Congress. Leader = prime minister
•Ex: Japan Two-house parliament = DIET (holds real power) Emperor = ceremonial head of state- no real power

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