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Navajo Code Talkers

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by

Leia Shinnishi

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of Navajo Code Talkers

Training
The Navajos who reported for training at the San Diego Marine Corps Recruit Depot had never gone through any military discipline. One dropped out.
Once the code had been perfected, the Navajos were tested over and over.
When the 29 Navajos were trained, two became instructors and so 27 were sent to Guadalcanal.
Johnston volunteered to take over the training of the program.
The Code
The code could only be translated into 211 English words.
The code was never written down, it was only spoken on the battlefield.
The Navajo language has words that can be spoken with different inflections, which gives the word different meanings.
Was a 'hidden language,' there was never an alphabet or other written forms for anyone to study and learn from.

The Navajo nation had only about 50,000 people
By the end of the war, there was 420 Navajo men who helped.
From 1942- 1945, Navajo code talkers were involved in many battles in the Pacific.
Some of the battles were in Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, Peleliu, and Tarawa.

Camp Elliot's commanding officer, Major General Clayton Vogel, wrote an urgent letter about the immediate recruitment of two hundred Navajos. The Navajos would serve as Marine communications specialists.
But General Vogel was authorized to only recruit 30 Navajos for training.
30 Navajos were enlisted from agency schools at Fort Wingate and Shiprock, New Mexico, and Fort Defiance, Arizona.
The Navajos were required to be physically fit because they would serve as messengers in combat.
Many were underage or over aged men. Birth records weren't kept on the reservations so it was easy for them to lie.
Navajo Code Talkers
In 1942, Philip Johnston thought of a code based on the Navajo language.
Philip was the son of a Protestant missionary, so he lived on a Navajo reservation for most of his childhood.
He was able to lean their language and customs.
In February 1942, Philip went to Camp Elliot and presented his idea to Lt. Col. James E. Jones.
Spent two weeks looking for bilingual Navajos. On Feb. 28, 1942, he returned to Camp Elliot wih four Native Americans.
They were given a test. The first two, were given a military field order to translate in their language. The message was then sent to the other two Navajos to translate it back in english.

The Start of the Navajo Code Talkers
The importance of the Navajo Code Talkers during WWII
The Navajo code talkers payed a huge role in the Allied success in the Pacific. Their code was never able to be cracked. The Navajo marines sent and received vital information such as orders or messages. The Navajos sent and received over 800 messages in the battle of Iwo Jima. America wouldn't have been able to win the battle without the Navajo code talkers. The Navajo code talkers helped the Allies win WWII.
Philip
Johnston
Camp
Elliot
Citations
"How the Navajo Code Talkers Helped Win World War II." How the Navajo Code Talkers Helped Win World War II. Outwest, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.outwestnewspaper.com/codetalkers.html>.
"Navajo Code Talkers Cryptology." Navajo Code Talkers Cryptology. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq61-2.htm>.
"Navajo Code Talkers (Part 2)." About. About Education, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/worldwarii/a/navajacode_2.htm>.
"United States Department of Defense." Defense.gov News Article: Veteran Recalls Navajo Code Talkers' War in the Pacific. N.p., 06 Dec. 1999. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=43012>.
"World War II: Navajo Code Talkers." History Net Where History Comes Alive World US History Online World War II Navajo Code Talkers Comments. American History, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014. <http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-navajo-code-talkers.htm>.
Picture Citations
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Comanche_Code_Talkers.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Navajo_Code_Talkers.jpg
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/images/navajo-code-talkers-1.jpg
http://legacy.utsandiego.com/news/features/codetalkers/images/johnston.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ac/Barracks_buildings,_Camp_Elliott,_San_Diego_County,_California_-_NARA_-_295641.jpg
http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/i07000/i07263.jpg
http://www.manataka.org/images/Navajo_Code_Talkers4.jpg
http://46889114.weebly.com/uploads/1/6/7/7/16773092/6234712_orig.gif?1359075853
Full transcript