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Ode to the West Wind
Transcript of Ode to the West Wind
This shows how the leaves are being blown around frantically Rhythm and Meter Rhyme "Of the horizon to the zenith's height... of the dying year to which this closing night..." (20, 22)
Height rhymes with night Allusion "Of the fierce Maenad..." (21)
A maenad is a crazy, drunken follower of the Greek wine god Dionysus
In the second stanza, the clouds are being compared to the maenad's wild and chaotic hair "Ode to the West Wind" is a lyrical poem written by Percy Bysshe Shelley
The poem's first three stanzas describe how the win affects the seasons
The last two stanzas describe how the narrator wishes to be free like the wind and to spread his own ideas about revolution amongst the people Cause: The narrator states that he is no longer young and "in (his) boyhood," (48) and therefore cannot travel with the wind to spread his own ideas
Effect: Because the narrator is old and cannot travel, he begs the wind to spread his ideas for him and bring about some sort of change Fact and Opinion Fact: "O wild West Wind... Thou from whose unseen presence the leaves dead are driven like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing." (1-3) This statement is a fact because the wind really does blow the leaves from the trees.
Opinion: "Wild Spirit... Destroyer and preserver." (13-14) This statement is an opinion because another person might view the wind differently for blowing seeds and leaves all over the place. Purpose The poem's purpose is to bring about a revolution and change the way society lives
Shelley uses the wind as a symbol of the flow of information that enlightens the people and urges them to fight against oppression Mood The first three stanzas of the poem are admiring and awed as you read about the wind's power
In the fourth stanza, the mood becomes wistful and nostalgic for the past as the narrator tells of his boyhood strength and freedom
The fifth stanza is the most hopeful as the narrator hopes that the wind will help to carry his ideas and bring about some sort of beneficial change Simile "The winged seeds... lie... like a corpse within its grave." (8-9)
This compares the seeds that have been buried to a dead body that ha also been buried Direct Metaphor "Angels of rain and lightening." (18)
This phrase, located in the second stanza, compares the clouds to angels that can bring about precipitation Implied Metaphor "O thou who chariotest to their dark wintry beds." (5-6)
Chariotest is the second person verb form of chariot
The line means that the wind is like a cart that carries seeds around in the fall Personification "Thou who didst waken from his summer dreams." (29)
This gives the human traits of sleeping and dreaming to the wind
The comparison is meant to invoke the soft, lazy way the wind blows in the summer Rhythm The first three stanzas of the poem have first one long line, one short line, and then one long line while the last lines are all short
The last two stanzas contain all short lines Meter "Thou on whose streams, 'mid the steep sky's commotion," (15)
The first syllable is stressed, followed by two unstressed syllables before another syllable is stressed Rhyme Scheme O WILD West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being a Thou from whose unseen presence the leaves dead b Are driven like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, a Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, b Pestilence-stricken multitudes! O thou c Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed b The wingèd seeds, where they lie cold and low, c Each like a corpse within its grave, until d Thine azure sister of the Spring shall blow c Her clarion o'er the dreaming earth, and fill d (Driving sweet buds like flocks to feed in air) e With living hues and odours plain and hill; d Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; e Destroyer and preserver; hear, O hear! f The rhyme scheme is ababcbcdcdedef Internal Rhyme "Scarce seem'd a vision- I would ne'er have striven..." (51)
Vision and striven ryhme Exact Rhyme "On the blue surface of thine airy surge... of some fierce Maenad, even the dim verge..." (21, 23)
Surge and verge are exact rhymes
Approximate Rhyme "Will be the dome of the sepulchre... of vapours, from whose solid atmosphere..." (25, 27)
Sepulchre and atmosphere look like they might rhyme, but are not that similar