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Copy of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Transcript of Copy of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Codey Rohl, Doug Seals, Frances Rowland, and Kayla Robinson Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Robert Stevenson History in Context: Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on November 13, 1850
He was a sickly child, and respiratory troubles plagued him throughout his life.
He traveled through Europe, leading a bohemian lifestyle and penning his first two books, both travel narratives.
Stevenson returned to London with his bride and wrote prolifically over the next decade, in spite of his terrible health.
He won widespread admiration with Treasure Island, written in 1883, and followed it with Kidnapped in 1886. Early Life London 1880's Around this time, London was the biggest city in Europe.
London was in the middle of its expansion during its imperial age.
Although there were wealthy people living there, poverty still existed.
There were dangers from motorized traffic.
In the 1860's St. John's Wood was regarded as the center for authors, journalists, and publicists. Plot Synopsis Plot Synopsis Utterson and Enfield are on a walk when Enfield starts to tell the story of how he saw Mr. Hyde trample a young girl in the street. A crowd gathered, and Hyde came up with a check for the girl’s family to pay off his debt so that he wouldn’t go to jail. Because of the Victorian time and the dislike of gossip, the two men agree to quit talking about the subject.
Until later when Utterson comes upon Dr. Jekyll’s will (Because he is his lawyer) and realizes that Jekyll has signed to leave all his money to Mr. Hyde after he passes away.
Utterson becomes worried about this, and decides to confront Jekyll about it, but when asked, Jekyll tells Utterson to simply drop the subject and refuses to tell him anything.
A little over a year passes with no event, until one night when a young servant girl watches Hyde beat one of the members of Parliament to death in the middle of the street with a cane. The police went to Utterson with the news, who believed Hyde to be guilty. Utterson then led the police to Hyde’s apartment, but the murderer had vanished. Plot Synopsis Cont. He then confronts Jekyll, who claims to no longer be connected to Hyde in any way. He shows Utterson a note from Hyde, but Utterson later realizes that “Hyde’s” handwriting looks very similar to Jekyll’s.
For a few months after this, everything goes back to normal, until suddenly Jekyll refuses visitors, and Lanyon, a mutual friend, dies suddenly.
Utterson receives a letter from the deceased Lanyon, with instructions for it to not be opened until after Jekyll’s death.
Soon, Jekyll’s butler Poole rushes to Utterson begging for help, because Jekyll has secluded himself in his lab for several weeks, and his voice no longer sounds the same. Plot Synopsis Cont. Poole and Utterson rush to the lab and break down the door, only to find Hyde dead - in Jekyll’s clothes- from suicide.
Utterson then reads the letters from Lanyon, finding that Lanyon himself died from watching Jekyll transform into Hyde. Jekyll found joy in the fact that he created a chemical that he could make himself transform, splitting his good side away from his darker impulses. Eventually though, the changes started to come when he wasn’t taking the chemicals, and he soon lost control. Character Analysis Character Analysis Mr. Utterson
-Main character, the story is told through him
-Confidante- Everyone brought their problems to him. He is very highly respected in the community.
-One of the first to recognize the oddities about Mr. Hyde, becomes very intrigued and curious and is determines to get answers from his friend Dr. Jekyll.
Dr. Henry Jekyll
-A wealthy middle-aged doctor
-Has a fatal flaw- is very hypocritical
-Believes that each person has two sides, and becomes so intrigued in the
idea that he experiments to the point where he splits his own personality
Mr. Edward Hyde
-The complete opposite of Henry Jekyll
-Described as a very small and deformed man
-Is disgusting and evil, other characters can see everything awful and horrific in his eyes
-Murders multiple people Richard Enfield
-Mr. Utterson’s cousin
-Only appears in two scenes
-Tells the beginning story of Edward Hyde trampling a young girl in the street
-Dr. Jekyll’s butler
-Runs to Utterson to warn him of Dr. Jekyll’s strange behavior
-Along with Utterson, goes to find a dead Hyde in the closet of Jekyll
-Finds the note written by Jekyll explaining his experiments Character Analysis Cont. Theme/Motif One: The Two Sides of Human Nature Literature This is the major theme throughout the book, even though it is not truly understood until the final chapter. The idea is that there are two sides of every person. There’s the side that is ruled by conscience, thought, and civilized manner, and then there is the side that is ruled by animal instinct rather than what is right. Key Quote 1 “It was on the moral side, and in my own person, that I learned to recognize the thorough and primitive duality of man; I saw that, of the two natures that contended in the field of my consciousness even if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only because I was radically both; and from an early date . . . I had learned to dwell with pleasure, as a beloved daydream, on the thought of the separation of these elements” (Stevenson). I'm normal outside
He's evil inside
I'm Dr Jekyll and
He's Mr Hyde
I try to be true
He tries to be cruel
I'll hold you gently but
He'll smother you "Mr. Mansfield" Henry Van der Weyde (1838-1924; London, England)
It's a photograph of actor Richard Mansfield, who played both Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in 1887, which debuted in London.
This is a representation of both of the personalities of the characters and how two completely different personas can exist within one being, despite their outward appearances. Story Behind the Story William Brodie, a respectable man by day, Deacon of the Guild of Wrights, wasn’t the type of person who would be sent to the gallows. Actually, he is said to have proposed an improvement in the old Tolbooth gallows, replacing the old-school ladders with a forward-thinking drop mechanism.
“Brodie,” says Traditions of Edinburgh, “was the first who proved the excellence of the improvement … He inspected the thing with a professional air, and seemed to view the result of his ingenuity with a smile of satisfaction.”
He was anxiety-free in the face of mortality … but Brodie had plenty of practice in compartmentalization. Story Behind the Story Cont Title: "Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde"
Artist: The Who
Composers: John Entwistle
Release Date: March 16, 1968
Instrumentation: guitar, male vocals, drums, Music Title: "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Artist: The Damned
Composers: Dave Vanian, Raymond Burns, Christopher Millar, Paul Gray
Release Date: February 13, 1981
Instrumentation: bass guitar, drums, male vocals Music Cont. Music With a gambling habit, a couple of mistresses, and five kids, Brodie the cunning society man had a double life, or triple, or more. The well-known tendency of such wasteful pastimes to lead a man to strain himself in order to keep up appearances worked its will upon Brodie, who began using his contracts with Edinburgh’s upperclassmen to survey their houses and copy their keys, returning at night to burgle his employers. Inevitably, Brodie’s cover was blown, and he hanged with his accomplice George Smith, keeping up his appearance to the very end.
A century later, native Edinburgher Robert Louis Stevenson tapped this extraordinary local history as inspiration for that classic exploration of the soul’s duality put into words through a novel, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
In fact, prior to that work’s 1886 publication, Robert Stevenson, who grew up with Brodie furniture in the house, co-wrote a play called Deacon Brodie, or The Double Life. Artist: Alexander Hay Ritchie
This is a depiction of the house where the real life Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was hanged in 1778.
The whole town gathered to watch Deacon Brodie carry out his punishment of death "The Execution of Deacon Brodie" Silence Theme/Motif Two: “But the temptation of a discovery so singular and profound at last overcame the suggestions of alarm. I had long since prepared my tincture; I purchased at once, from a firm of wholesale chemists, a large quantity of a particular salt which I knew, from my experiments, to be the last ingredient required; and late one accursed night, I compounded the elements, watched them boil and smoke together in the glass, and when the ebullition had subsided, with a strong glow of courage, drank off the potion" (Stevenson). Key Quote 2 Literature This theme, while not as prominent, happens repeatedly throughout the novel. Characters such as Enfield, Utterson, and Poole are good character examples of this. Because of the Victorian society where the live, they often find it impolite to discuss such awful matters as the evil Mr. Hyde, so instead of talking, they simply keep quiet. The Weak Woman Theme/Motif Three: Literature The Victorian Era is a name for the period from 1837 to 1901, the length of the rule of Britain's Queen Victoria. During this time in history, women did not have suffrage rights, the right to sue, or the right to own property. Within the last few years of the Victorian era, feminist ideas spread among the educated female middle classes, discriminatory laws were repealed, and the women's suffrage movement gained momentum. But since the novel was written in the middle of the era, the early roles of women were very clearly reflected through the scarce female characters. Victorian Era There are no main female characters in the story, which is very common of the Victorian time. There are only three woman mentioned at all; a young girl who is killed at the very beginning, a maid, and a servant. The women were very passive and had no true roles in society- males were always dominant. This is an early poster from the 1880s that was used as an advertisement for the "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" play adaptation. Dr.Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Poster The Rational vs. The Irrational Theme/Motif Four: Also common of the Victorian setting. Stevenson wrote the book with very rational characters such as Utterson who liked to stop and think everything through before making a decision. The actual storyline of the book is the opposite of the characters, with the final irrationality happening in the very last chapter. Literature "No, sir: I had a delicacy," was the reply. "I feel very strongly about putting questions; it partakes too much of the style of the day of judgment. You start a question, and it's like starting a stone. You sit quietly on the top of a hill; and away the stone goes, starting others; and presently some bland old bird (the last you would have thought of) is knocked on the head in his own back garden and the family have to change their name. No sir, I make it a rule of mine: the more it looks like Queer Street, the less I ask" (Stevenson). Key Quote 3 Title: "Façade"
Artist: Jekyll & Hyde (musical)
Composer: Frank Wildhorn, Leslie Bricusse, Steve Cuden
Genre: musical theater
Release Date: 1997
Instrumentation: chorus vocals (male and female), full orchestra, keyboard, sound effects Music There's a face that we hide
Till the nighttime appears,
And what's hiding inside,
Behind all of our fears,
Is our true self,
Locked inside the façade!
So, what is the sinister secret?
The lie he will tell you is true?
It's that each man you meet
In the street
Isn't one man but two! Music Cont. Symbols Dr. Jekyll has a cane that was a gift from Mr. Utterson,showing their long friendship and the goodness that came with it. Later in the story, Hyde uses the same cane during a murder, showing his evil side. The cane represents the overall idea of good vs. evil. The Cane Mystery. Utterson is always curious about what’s happening with Jekyll and Hyde, and the mystery that surrounds their oddness is symbolized through a dense fog being on the town for a lot of the time. The Fog Dr. Jekyll himself. On the outside, Jekyll is a very warmhearted and friendly person, but his other half – Hyde – is very evil. This is shown by his house because the front of it is very open and nice looking, where Jekyll entertains his guests, but the back of it is a rundown laboratory where Mr. Hyde likes to hide. Dr. Jekyll's House The Red Badge of Courage The Connection: Young Henry Fleming from the novel dreams of finding glory and honor as a Union soldier in the American Civil War. But like Dr. Jekyll, he also harbors a hidden fear about how he may react when he witnesses firsthand the horror and bloodshed of battle. Fighting both the enemy and the terror within, Fleming must prove himself and find his own meaning of bravery.
As well as having similarities withing the novel itself, both pieces of literature had similar reasons for being written. Stephen Crane had never been a member of any army nor had taken part in any battle when he wrote The Red Badge of Courage just as Robert Stevenson did not find inspiration for his novel through personal experience. But upon its publication in 1895, when Crane was only twenty-four, Red Badge was noted as a new kind of war novel, filled with astonishing insight into the true psychology of men on the front lines of battle. The Red Badge of Courage "The impetus of enthusiasm was theirs again. They gazed about them with looks of uplifted pride, feeling new trust in the grim, always confident weapons in their hands. And they were men" (Crane).
"He now thought that he wished he was dead. He believed he envied those men whose bodies lay strewn over the grass of the fields and on the fallen leaves of the forest" (Crane). Quotes By Stephen Crane Other Connections The Incredible Hulk Music Title: "Don't Let Me Get Me"
Composers: Pink, Dallas Austin
Genre: Pop Rock
Instrumentation: female vocals, electric guitar, drums, synthesizer (sound effects) Music Music Cont. "Everyday I fight a war against the mirror
I can't take the person starin' back at me
I'm a hazard to myself
Don't let me get me
I'm my own worst enemy
Its bad when you annoy yourself
Don't wanna be my friend no more
I wanna be somebody else" "Nothing heard, nothing said, can't even speak about it
On my life, on my head, don't wanna think about it
Feels like I'm going insane, yeah
It's a thief in the night to come and grab you
It can creep up inside you and consume you
A disease of the mind, it can control you
It's too close for comfort" Title: "Disturbia"
Composers: Robert Allen, Andre Merritt, Chris Brown, Brian Kennedy
Album: Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded
Release Date: July 22, 2008
Genre: Dance-Pop/ Electro-Pop
Instrumentation: female vocals, autotuned sound effects, electronic keyboard, piano Music Cont.