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Preposition, Auxiliary Verbs, Modal Verbs and Articles

matrikulasi 2012
by

Winnie Ho

on 8 August 2013

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Transcript of Preposition, Auxiliary Verbs, Modal Verbs and Articles

Preposition, Auxiliary Verbs, Modal Verbs and Articles
Preposition, Auxiliary Verbs, Modal Verbs and Articles
Preposition
A preposition is a part of speech that shows a relationship between two things.
Location (on, under, in)
Timing (before, after, during)
Direction (from, toward, to)
Auxiliary Verbs
Auxiliary verbs
signal, or modify the main verb
of the sentence
They always precede (appear before) the main verb and can indicate several things, ranging from modality (how something is done) to tense (time of action), to passive voice.
There are
four main types
of auxiliary verbs: modal auxiliaries, auxiliary have, has, had; auxiliary do, does, did, done; and auxiliary be verbs.
Modal Verbs
Modal verbs are special verbs which behave very differently from normal verbs. Here are some important differences:
The definite article
The
When using the word ‘the’, there are things you need to think about:
It must be important in some way, special
It must be set apart from the rest of the herd, to be looked at
You must decide this is the only one
It is used before superlative form
in the oven
by the door
around the track
These are prepositional phrases. Prepositional phrases start with a preposition and end with the object of a preposition.
The object of a preposition
must be a noun or a pronoun
always comes at the end of a prepositional phrase
Example: The cookies are
in the oven.

Oven is a noun that ends the prepositional phrase. Oven is the object of the preposition.
“Have, Has, & Had”
The family of “have” verbs always occur before the past participle {-en} form of the main verb to express completed action.
EX: The critics have written their reviews. The critics
had
written their reviews.
In the present tense, the “have” verb creates the present-perfect tense of the verb.

EX: A bright green bird
has
nested there.
Note that all three forms of the “have” verb can be used as a main verb as well, since they fit the requirements.

EX: Tom
has
the book. You
had
the courage to tell me.
Auxiliary “Be” Verbs
Like the “have” verbs, “be” verbs can function as main verbs as well.
EX: I
am
a really lucky guy!

When acting in an auxiliary mode, “be” verbs
help to indicate tense in the present progressive tense:
EX: Tim
is
speaking to the director.

They can signal the passive voice as well.
EX: She
was
written a ticket by the police officer.
“Do, Does, Did, & Done”
1. These verbs are used in a myriad of fashions, such as to create questions:
EX:
Do
you know Tim?
2. To form negatives:
EX: I
don’t
want that TV set after all.
3. To make emphatic statements:
EX: The moon
does
look like a big pizza pie tonight!
4. The “Do” verbs can also function as main verbs in a multitude of functions:
EX: I will
do
all the work.
I wonder what Mary
did
after college.
1. Modal verbs do not take "-
s
" in the third person.
EXAMPLES:
He
can
 
speak
Russian
She
should
 
go
now
My wife
may

join
us for the dinner.

2. You use "
not
" to make modal verbs negative,
EXAMPLES:
You
should not
be late.
I
can not

come
to at 6pm.
He
may not

like
this idea.
You
must not

disturb
him now, he is busy.

They
didn’t must

do
it.
NOT CORRECT
3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses.
EXAMPLES:
He
will can

go
with us.  
NOT CORRECT
She
musted

study
very hard.
NOT CORRECT
It
mayed

show
yesterday.
NOT CORRECT
This all sounds very complicated, maybe we shall look at some examples?
The moon is shining.

He is the man of the year

Marry is the most beautiful girl in my class

I bought a book yesterday.
The book is very interesting.

The girl who is wearing a
blue shirt is very tall.
An ordinary article
An ordinary article is one of many, it is not unique and it could just as well be this one as that one. The one thing that is important is that it is a type, and it is the type that is important.
An
, with A E I O U sounds i.e. orange, egg, igloo, hour.
A
, with all the rest car, tree, pen, book, banana, university.
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