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The Orchestra and Classical Music

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Mike Yates

on 6 July 2015

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Transcript of The Orchestra and Classical Music

The Orchestra and Classical Music
Happy New Year!
This half-term, for 6 weeks, we are going to learn about the orchestra, some famous classical composers and some amazing classical music.
For this half-term any word that is
in this prezi slideshow you need to write in your planner and make sure you know what it means.
Musicians (and singers) have played in small groups for centuries, these were called

The word consort can be used in a non-musical way meaning 'partner'.

The use of the word lead to the phrase '
In Concert
' meaning a performance.
It wasn't until
made a list of instruments, and then wrote a piece of music that scored for them all to play at once 'In Concert' and that was the first Orchestra. More facts next week.
Mars, the bringer of War
Short Video Clip before we get playing!
What's in the music?
5 beats in a bar? Irregular!
Just G's in the bass, Rhythmic Motif
slow tune notes
2 at once sometimes
Task 1: Work in a pair on keyboard, try to get the bass rhythm right and the slow moody notes over the top. Some performances to the class at this point.

Task 2: Working in a group, use the bass rhythm on various instruments - Tutti, meaning all together - to make a war-like piece, include the slow moody tune notes and add your own parts. All groups perform near the end.

Reflect on the performances before safely and tidily packing away.

WORDS were? (appear on click)

Topic: The Orchestra and Classical Music Lesson: 1 of 6

Lesson Objective: by the end of this lesson you will
understand the origins of the Orchestra

Lesson Outcomes:
Learn the basic facts about the orchestra
Listen to and discuss Mars the bringer of war
Work in a pair and a group performing music

Success Criteria:
Can describe origins of the orchestra
Have performed a war like piece

consort, in concert, 1607, monteverdi
Did you get them all?
Topic: The Orchestra and Classical Music Lesson: 2 of 6

Lesson Objective: by the end of this lesson you will
understand incidental music

Lesson Outcomes:
Learn what incidental music is
Listen to and discuss In The Hall of the Mountain King
Work in a pair, and then a group performing music

Success Criteria:
Can describe incidental music
Have performed an escape themed piece

This week's RED words, planner ready?
is made up of
4 families
, today we'll
look at
Some use a
, such as
Clarinet, Oboe, Bassoon
and others such as
are played like blowing across a bottle neck. Pan pipes, saxophone and didgeridoo are other woodwind instrument, but you don't find them in an orchestra!
Today's Piece
Is an example of
incidental music
. In the play this
music is written for, this tune is when Peer Gynt is creeping away from a sleeping troll, hence it starting with a slow
and quiet
As the boy gets further away he runs faster and with less chance of waking up the troll - hence the tempo and dynamics

It is the background music to the visual scene
What's in the music?
sharps and flats!
easy bass part
bars 1 and 3 are very similar
Task 1: In the main room, work in a pair on keyboard to learn the tune and bass parts together. Some performances to the class at this point.

Task 2: Working in a group, use the tune notes, bass part and add your own parts to create a piece of music describing the scene of creeping away from something very scary! All groups perform near the end.

Reflect on the performances before safely and tidily packing away.

WORDS were?

Topic: The Orchestra and Classical Music Lesson: 6 of 7

Lesson Objective: by the end of this lesson you will
understand about dotted quavers and will play them in a piece of classical music by Bizet (pron. Bithae)

Lesson Outcomes:
Learn the basic facts about dotted quavers
Listen to and discuss March of the Toreadors
Work in an ability group performing music

Success Criteria:
Can describe dotted quavers
Have performed as a group and whole class

is a long piece of Classical music
made up of 4
, like chapters in a book.

The first movement is
(fast), then there is usually an
(slow), then a
(dance) and the last is usually a
(repeating theme with contrast moments in between)

Beethoven wrote 9 symphonies, today we are looking at no. 5 - his most famous motif.

string family

As you can see, the
string family in an
orchestra comprises of
Violin, Viola,
Cello, Double Bass

String instruments are
. The string section is around 50% of the orchestra.
Other string instruments, but not found in the
orchestra are guitar,lute, ukulele, bass guitar,
electric guitar, banjo, sitar and many many others.
they all require
carefully tuned
In this film you learn that motif is a short melody

You also learn that Beethoven repeated this
on different notes, which is called a
melodic sequence
, on different instruments at different times.

Learn to play his motif, then make a piece using his
or your own motif starting at different times on different notes.

The motif can be played on tuned or untuned instruments
motif, 2 hands starting on A
motif again after a pause, this time on G
now it splits into 2 parts
and the notes get more varied
Classical Melodies

During the
Classical Period
many composers used
of their melodies.
Scales and Arpeggios are used for
by musicians, but they also serve as lists of notes needed to play in the
that exist since
wrote The Well Tempered Clavier in 1700.

This set out musical language and tuning, before this
was very regional so if you travelled as a musician you would have to change your tuning a lot.

Percussion Family

Defined as instruments that are
hit, scraped
or shaken
, the percussion family started off as the smallest in
orchestras, then
gradually as the
developed over
time, the family
became more and
more diverse.
The most famous orchestral percussion are the
and the crashing
, but as composers chose more exotic themes and places as ideas for their compositions, sounds from around the world came into the orchestral percussion vocabulary, such as
from Latin America and
s from Germany.
Great Tune from a Great Composer
arpeggio here
scale pattern here, moving in step then repeating at different notes - melodic sequence like last week!
all about the bass? starts the same as the melody - tutti but an octave lower
then becomes a chugging accompaniment
A true genius
Wrote "twinkle, twinkle, little star" as a violin exercise, aged 4 years.
Brass Family

In an orchestra, the brass section consists of
trumpets, trombones, french horns and tubas.

All brass instruments derive from the
hunting horn
, which
as a
in a hunt that prey has been spotted and to give chase.

Originally the horn would literally
be made of an
animal horn
, but
was later made from brass as
the sound was
brighter, louder
and could be heard over
greater distances
The first trumpets had not valves and could only play a limited range of notes, and therefore were only used at key times for
type playing.

The next development was a
, which evolved into the modern trombone. By sliding out the slide the whole tube gets longer and the
pitch deepens

were the final addition to brass instruments, which like any plumbing valve
diverts the airstream
along different tubes at the
press of any combination of valves to allow a full range of pitches
, hence modern brass instruments are now as versatile as any other orchestral instrument.
Brass Bands
and the mining industry

Yorkshire and Lancashire
are famous for their brass bands, some of which are now in decline.

Brass bands play varied music in an orchestral way, but with only brass instruments. There different types to the orchestra, such as
cornet, tenor horn, euphonium

French horns and trumpets
do not play in brass bands.
Largo, from the New World Symphony by Dvorjak

famous for brass and brass band music alike
1st theme starts here
2nd higher theme here
1st theme returns with the ending.
We've looked at the four families in the orchestra, can you name them?
1-5 are.....
6-9 are...
10-12 are...
13 is....
Keyboard Family

Is a group of instruments that are played using
standard piano keys
, there are more than you think!
Which is which?
Upright Piano
Grand Piano
Early Synthesiser
pipe organ
usb keys
electric organ
All about the keys!
This theme from Swan Lake is in ABA form, why?
Can you make a piece using Swan Lake?

Make it ABA, perhaps with Swan Lake theme
being the A then compose a contrasting B
section of your own.

Your performance would sound like:

A Swan lake theme
B different section, faster or slower, or louder
A Swan lake theme to finish
video here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/profiles/wZhb4lWY93sYmXm1Pr2m6n/edvard-grieg
New Grouping Profiles
the megamind
free swim
another montezuma, as last week went so well!
Dotted Quavers
Normal quavers are 50/50 of 1 beat =
say "Tea, Co-ffee, Tea"

Dotted quavers are 75/25 of 1 beat =
say "Here, comes - the, bride"

Because of the dot the first quaver lasts longer, and because of the little dash on the second makes it a semi-quaver.
Start from 1min 6sec
Full transcript