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Brainwashing/ hypnosis by Dr. Gupta, Dr. Chang, Dr. Borris
Transcript of Brainwashing/ hypnosis by Dr. Gupta, Dr. Chang, Dr. Borris
1: a forcible indoctrination to induce someone to give up basic political, social, or religious beliefs and attitudes and to accept contrasting regimented ideas
2: persuasion by propaganda or salesmanship In psychology, the study of brainwashing is referred to as though reform is defined as anything that has a social influence, and there are different methods of achieving this "reform" The compliance method: "Just do it" Produces a change in behaviour, ignoring the beliefs and attitudes of the person. The persuasion method: "Do it because, __________(something good will come out of it)" This focuses on a change of attitude. The education method (also called the propaganda method) : "Do this because you know its the right thing to do" This method tries to change the persons beliefs. Brainwashing, as most people define it, uses all of these methods, and is a very severe form of social influence. This has to be done with the target being isolated and in complete control of the person doing the brainwashing. Is it true or not? "Likewise, many psychologists believe that large-scale brainwashing -- via the mass media and subliminal messages, for instance -- is not possible, because the thought-reform process requires isolation and absolute dependence of the subject in order to be effective. It's just not that easy to change a person's core personality and belief system" So.....
Brainwashing has conditions under which it may could work:
1. The subject has to be isolated from all outside influence except the person who is brainwashing.
2. The person who is brainwashing also needs to be in charge of all aspects of life of the person being brainwashed. This includes controlling when and if they eat/drink, when they sleep and other basic human needs.
3. Brainwashing could also require physical harm.
Because of these reasons brainwashing has not been tried in a legitimate scientific experiment.
Lee Boyd Malvo, a convicted killer, argued the insanity due to brainwashing case in his defense, said that the man who brain washed him, kept him isolated, and kept him under a strict diet and workout schedule. After studying former prisoners of war form the Korean War, Robert Jay Lifton, a psychologist, came up with ten steps involved in the process. These can be divided into three main groups: breaking down the self, introducing the possibility of salvation, and rebuilding the self. A person and their beliefes are attacked, often tortured and told that their beliefs are wrong. After a certain amount of time that person believes that they are wrong and when the person doing the brainwashing begins to be nice to them they accept that and what ever that person is telling them is right. In my opinion an experience, like that of the POW's, could perhaps change the mind set of a person as their brain makes a connection between physical well being with believing what ever they are told. This however would not work on mass public as it needs to be done in isolation. Refrence:
How Stuff Woks: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/brainwashing.htm What is it? The induction of a state of consciousness in which a person apparently loses the power of voluntary action and is highly responsive to suggestion or direction. Its use in therapy, typically to recover suppressed memories or to allow modification of behaviour, has been revived but is still controversial. The first point to understand about hypnosis is that it is not brainwashing. The patient is indoctrinated against his will. For the most part, the patient undergoing hypno-therapy must be compliant for the treatment to have the most effect. When someone is in a hypnotic trance they will appear to have stopped paying attention to their surroundings and lost all focus. This only partly true, the person under hypnosis is actually paying hyper-attention. When under hypnotic trances, brain scans have shown that most of the brain is still functioning properly, except for a few key areas. One such area is the Precuneus. The Precuneus is involved with our sense of self awarness and visuospatial aspects that allow us to comprehend our position in space. This accounts for the patients increased willingness to take directions and respond to suggestions while under a trance. They are interpreting the stimuli they hear and are less prone to factor themselves into their thought process. The Basics Applications Breaking addictions Chronic Pain Insomnia Bedwetting Anxiety Case Study Avi Mendelsohn of Weizmann Institute in Israel Subjected patients to posthypnotic amnesia which works in similar ways to functional amnesia Functional amnesia is common in patients suffering from PTSD and the brain selectively chooses to forget certain things. In the study patients watched a movie and were asked questions about it a week later. The PHA group witheld less details and showed less activity in areas of the brain such as the occiptal (for visualizing) and the left temporal lobe (for analyzing verbal information). References http://www.healthyplace.com/alternative-mental-health/treatments/hypnotherapy-hypnosis-for-psychological-disorders/