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Women's rights and Suffrage
Transcript of Women's rights and Suffrage
Main question: What caused the Women's Rights and Suffrage Movement?
Many women were tired of being treated unfairly by not having the right to vote. During the 1800's, Congress passed the 15th amendment that gave African-Americans the right to vote, however, sex was not included .The fifteenth amendment states that "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude"(Constitution,1870). Many women, such as Susan B.Anthony and Alice Blackwell, started petitions, hunger strikes, and organized conventions in order to fight for their rights.
Seneca falls convention
Three hundred women attended the women's rights convention held in Seneca, New York. This convention was arranged by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. During the convention held at Wesleyan Chapel, women discussed social, civil, religious conditions, and the rights of women. This convention helped produce the Declaration of Sentiments written by Stanton herself. The Declaration publicly stated their beliefs "All men and women are created equal."
What prompted the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention?
Mott and Stanton attended the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London of 1840. The convention segregated men and women, therefore Mott could not participate in the debates. From this experience, they were determined to make a convention where women can discuss issues freely and without criticism.
Analysis of the Declaration of Sentiments
Explained that all men and women are created equally. For example, the last resolution states: "for the overthrow of the monopoly of the pulpit, and for the securing to woman equal participation with men in the various trades, professions, and commerce.They are all given the same God-given rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
The Resolutions help explain the consequences of being a woman and what they had to sacrifice in order to survive in society. Women did not have the right to vote and did not have the same educational opportunities as men.
Elizabeth Stanton stated in her document: "he has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education...all colleges being closed against her." " He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead."
How did the "Declaration of Sentiments " challenge the current ideas about women and their treatment at the time?
After the creation of the Declaration of Sentiments, many women such as Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott challenged the ideology that men were superior. During the 19th century women were treated poorly; many women who worked were paid less than their male counterpart. Unfortunately, women are still being paid less than men.
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Radek, Kimberly M. "Women in the Nineteenth Century." Women in the Nineteenth Century. N.p., 2001. Web. 01 Apr. 2015.
"Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, Seneca Falls: Stanton and Anthony Papers Online." Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, Seneca Falls: Stanton and Anthony Papers Online. N.p., Aug. 2010. Web. 01 Apr. 2015.