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French Revolution I

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on 7 June 2015

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Transcript of French Revolution I

The Timeline
1589-1792 Bourbon Dynasty
France in the around 1700s
The Reign of Louis XIV: The Sun King
Huge Problems beneath the Success
The First Clash
The Revolution Explodes
Jul. 14th 1789: Storming of the Bastille
French Revolution I: Louis XVI and the National Assembly
Centralization and Absolutism: the nobles' power was weakened; the building of Versailles;
Fast Economic Growth: France became self-sufficient and its colonies were expanded;
Patronage of Art and Literature: France became the culture center of Europe;
Staggering debt under Louis XIV: the problem leading to French Revolution;
France in the late 1700s
The Old Regime
1. The First Estate: Clergy
3. The Third Estate: Bourgeoisie, Workers and Peasants
2. The Second Estate: Nobility
Privileged Class
Non-privileged
Enlightenment:
France as the Culture Center
Ruler
Governance
Church
Rights of Man
Economic Troubles
Heavy Burden of Taxes
Widespread crop failures in 1780s;
Extravagant royal spending;
staggering debts;
the price of break surged in 1789;
Indecisive Leadership of Louis XVI
Louis XVI
Marie Antoinette
A Meeting of the Estate-General
1792-1804 French First Republic
1804-1814 First French Empire
1793-1794 Jacobin "Reign of Terror"
1815-1848 Bourbon Dynasty
1789 The start of French Revolution
one for each Estate
1. Disputes over the vote in the Estate-General
One for each representative
2. Deadlock and the establishment of National Assembly
Tennis Court Oath
"not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established."
Rural unrest and 'the great fear'
7.17-8.3
Women's March on Versailles and Louis' returning to Paris
Oct. 1789
The Role of National Assembly during 1789-1792
the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
A New Constitution: A Limited Monarchy
Much of the King's authority was stripped, though the executive power remained.
Reform: church to be under the state control
Church lands were taken over;
Aug. 1789
Sep. 1791
The National Assembly was to be replaced by the Legislative Assembly: legislative power and foreign affairs.
Church official were to be served as state official;
As the church Lost its economical and administrative independence, the rural Christians were offended;
Political Map of France upon 1792
Leftist
Centralist
Rightist
Radicals
Moderates
Conservatives
Sweeping changes
Some changes to the limited monarchy
few changes
1792: Crossroad of the Revolution
War against foreign intervention
Internal rebellion
political struggles
Where is the revolution going?
Imagining you were one the 3rd Estate French in Paris
Now you are with your partners in a cafe, reading newspaper and discussing about the current revolution:
Pick your role in the discussion:
soldier, lawyer, vendor, land owner, bread store owner, businessman, sailor, captain, colony slave, wife of local officer, teacher, college student, executioner, scholar, or a Chinese in Europe......
Execution of the King
Full transcript