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Culture

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by

Sam Buemi

on 9 September 2015

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Transcript of Culture

15 Values That Are Central to American Life
Culture shock
Disorientation due to the inability to make sense out of one’s surroundings
Domestic and foreign travel
Ethnocentrism
A biased “cultural yardstick”
judging by our own standards
Cultural relativism
More accurate understanding
judging by their standards
Latin root of culture means to cultivate
Social Control
Various means by which members of society encourage conformity to norms

Guilt:
A negative judgment we make about ourselves
Shame
The painful sense that others disapprove of our actions

How does our society Guilt/shame
?
Is There a Global Culture?
The Basic Thesis
The flow of goods
The flow of information
The flow of people–
“McDonaldization” – examples?

Limitations to the thesis
Flows have been uneven.
Assumes affordability of goods
People don’t attach the same meaning to material goods.
Evolution
and

Culture
Culture and Human Freedom
Culture as constraint
We only know our world in terms of our culture.

Culture as freedom
Culture is changing and offers a variety of opportunities.
Sociologists share the goal of learning more about cultural diversity.
Types of Culture

Non material culture
The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society

Material culture
The tangible things created by members of a society
$ymbols

Language in Global Perspective
Values Sometimes Conflict
A Global Perspective

Does a societies technology reflect their progress?
Culture integration
The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system
Example: Computers and changes in our language

Culture lag
The term cultural lag refers to the notion that culture takes time to catch up with technological innovations, and that social problems and conflicts are caused by this lag.

Pros & Cons?

Life Objectives of First-Year College Students, 1969-2006
How Culture Changes
Ethnocentrism
and Cultural Relativism
Ethnocentrism
The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture
Cultural relativism
The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
Theoretical Analysis of Culture
Structural-functional
Culture is a complex strategy for meeting human needs.
Cultural universals–Traits that are part of every known culture; includes family, funeral rites, and jokes
Critical evaluation
Ignores cultural diversity and downplays importance of change
Inequality and Culture
Social-conflict
Cultural traits benefit some members at the expense of others.
Society’s system of material production has a powerful effect on the rest of a culture.
How might we see inequality in culture??
Critical evaluation
Understates the ways cultural patterns integrate members into society
Map of the World
Distortions?
Consequences of these Distortions?
 

A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another

Cultural transmission
Passing info by generation

Sapir-Whorf thesis
Perceiving world through culture
Language
Cultural Diversity
Multiculturalism
An educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting the equality of all cultural traditions.
WHEN
should Americans be involved in the beliefs and practices of other countries

Consider
Dress, music, food, politics, & healthcare



Ideal Versus Real Culture
Culture
Greatest Invention Ever?
Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
What symbols do we share?
Symbols continuously created
How so?
Meaning found in symbols
The basis of culture; makes social life possible
Draw A
V
e
n
n
Diagram
1-Minute:

List as many
TABOOS you can think of
Why?
How has it changed
society? How people interact?
Cultures have their own values.
Lower-income nations value survival.
Higher-income countries value individualism and self-expression.
Perceptions!
Sociobiology
Explores how human biology affects how we create culture.
Based on evolution
What human behaviors are based off instinct?
Critical evaluation
Might be used to support racism or sexism
Draw A Map of the World
BY RICHARD SHAEFER
LISTEN
Have
you
ever
experienced
culture shock?
Is this
obscene

or pornographic?
Bathroom Culture?
http://toilet-guru.com
http://neuroanthropology.net/2010/05/12/attraction/
Figure most commonly picked: C
http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/news-foot-binding?image=0
Optional (not required)
Elevator Experiment
http://www.sociologyinfocus.com/2013/06/17/putting-the-mcdonalds-back-into-mcdonaldization/
Is This Offensive:
http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2012/sep/28/andres-serrano-piss-christ-new-york
& Technology
Both
People have no nature, what they have is history
Cultural Biases
Drink, Goat
Are they Universally
Taboo
?
People must be mindful that meanings vary from culture to culture.
Meanings can even vary greatly within the same groups of people.
Fur coats, Confederate flags, etc.
What level of meaning do they attach to school?
children crossing bridge to school
Poverty Commercial
The values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that together form a people’s way of life


Pick One:
I would like to:
A. Develop a meaningful philosophy of life.


OR

B. Be Very Well of Financially.
Do our answers
depend on the
times?
Are some of these values inconsistent with one another?
How are core American values reflected in childhood games?
The tendency to aggression is an innate, independent, instinctual disposition in man... it constitutes the powerful obstacle to culture.
-Sigmund Freud

What do
We
find offensive?
https://www.amara.org/en/videos/YFnmMMYHOvnh/info/where-the-hell-is-matt-2008/
Is abortion a personal choice? How much so?
https://www.amara.org/en/videos/3bSkZnHqqCvJ/info/drinking-goat-blood/
https://www.amara.org/en/videos/dZrRtzzZ6p7g/info/women-wear-hijabs-for-a-day/
https://www.amara.org/en/videos/MiyziJhmqyGV/info/wyfft-will-people-follow-the-crowd-in-an-elevator-experiment/
https://www.amara.org/en/videos/3KVqHDQwC8yR/info/indonesian-students-cross-collapsed-bridge/
1. Invention
2. Discovery
3. Diffusion
Visual Illustion
Full transcript