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Transcript of 1984
The journal provided place for Winston to vent his thoughts against the Party and Big Brother. This was the beginning of his rebellion; before, he only committed "thoughtcrime."
The paperweight symbolizes the fragility of the memories. With the paperweight, there's proof of the past and a better time. The paperweight is destroyed by the Thought Police and so are Winston's thoughts.
Red Prole Lady
"He had written down at last." (Orwell 76)
"Down with Big Brother." (Orwelll 22)
The Party controls everything: the past, present, and future. They gained and kept power by abusing and brainwashing those who step out of line, eventually killing them. The Party doesn't do this for the good of the people; they want the control for their own sake.
"To die hating them, that was freedom. (Orwell 308)
"The next moment a hideous, grinding speech, as of some monstrous machine running without oil, burst from the big telescreen at the end of the room. It was a noise that set one's teeth on edge and bristled the hair at the back of one's neck. The Hate had started. As usual, the face of Emmanuel Goldstein, the Enemy of the People, had flashed on to the screen." (Orwelll 14)
"We are not interested in those stupid crimes that you have committed. The Party is not interested in the overt act: the thought is all we care about. We do not merely destroy our enemies, we change them. Do you understand what I mean by that?" (Orwell 277)
Born June 25, 1903
His real name is Eric Arthur Blair
Born in Motihari, India
Son of Richard and Ida Blair
Attended college at St.Cyprian's College and Elton's College
Rebellion is a motif that occurs over and over in the novel. However, it occurs in different ways for different people.
The Red Prole Lady represents the provider of the next generation reproduction wise. Winston believes that people like her will mostly likely provide a future generation that will revolt against the Party.
'"You're only a rebel from the waist downwards. (Orwell, 170)"
The Place Where There Is
Winston's Mother/ Past
This is the ability to hold two contradictory thoughts at one time
"The future belonged to the proles. And could be be sure that when their time came, the world they constructed would not be just as alien to him, Winston Smith, as the world of the Party? Yes, because at the least it would be a world of sanity." (Orwell 241)
"As he looked at the woman in her characteristic attitude, her thick arms reaching for the line, her powerful marelike buttocks protruded, it struck him for the first time that she was beautiful." (Orwell 240)
" The paperweight was the room he was in, and the coral was Julia's life and his own, fixed in a sort of eternity at the heart of the crystal." (Orwell 160)
"Someone had picked up the glass paperweight from the table and smashed it to pieces on the hearthstone. The fragment of coral, a tiny crinkle of pink like a sugar rosebud from a cake, rolled across the mat. How small, thought Winston, how small it always was! " (Orwell 244)
A place where Winston and O'Brien were supposed to meet. Instead of seeing each other for a revolt against the Party, this is where Winston is tortured for his crimes against them. Ultimately shows irony (light is associated with goodness) and foreshadowing (The Ministry of Love never has their lights turned off) to the ending of the book.
"We shall meet again- if we do meet again-"
Winston looked up at him. "in the place where there is no darkness?" he asked hesitantly.
O'Brien nodded without appearance of surprise. "In the place where there is no darkness." (Orwell 194)
Reason for Writing 1984:
In 1948, the British economy was poor after World War II, and the British were reporting wartime triumphs and the rapidly changing relationship with the USSR. Oceania is thought to be a future continuation of the failing British Empire.
It's split into three parts:
I: The world of 1984 and Oceania through the eyes of Winston.
II: Winston's forbidden sexual relationship with Julia and their crimes.
III: Winston's capture and torture by the Party.
Classes of People:
The Four Ministries:
The Four Ministries
Two Minutes Hate
"In this place, he knew instinctively, the lights would never be turned out. It was the place with no darkness: he saw now why O'Brien had seemed to recognize the allusion. In the Ministry of Love there were no windows." (Orwell 252)
The Party misuses technology in order to spy on its citizens, documenting everything that they do and making sure that they stay loyal to Big Brother. Shows the dangers of technology. Because of the telescreens, Winston's and Julia's affair was discovered.
"It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in a any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away." (Orwell 69)
"Winston turned a switch and the voice sank somewhat, though the words were still distinguishable. The instrument (the tleescreen, it was called) could be dimmed, but there was no way of shutting it off completely." (Orwell 4)
Destroys evidence of events happening. This is what the Party uses to control history. Without documentation of events, History is easy to manipulate, memory holes make it easy to do this.
"And if all others accepted the lie which the Party imposed – if all records told the same tale – then the lie passed into history and became truth. "Who controls the past," ran the Party slogan, "controls the future: who controls the present controls the past." And yet the past, though of its nature alterable, never had been altered. Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. It was quite simple. All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. "Reality control," they called it: in Newspeak, "doublethink." (Orwell 39)
"This last was for the disposal of waste paper. Similar slits existed in thousands or tens of thousands throughout the building, not only in every room but at short intervals in every corridor. For some reason they were nicknamed memory holes. When one knew that any document was due for destruction, or even when one saw a scrap of waste paper lying about, it was an automatic action to lift the flap of the nearest memory hole and drop it in, whereupon it would be whirled away on a current of warm air to the enormous furnaces which were hidden somewhere in the recesses of the building." (Orwell 42)
Winston's mother symbolizes love and self sacrifice, something that is rare in his present world. Winston's past symbolizes his regret and self loathing. He believes he is the reason why his mother and sister are gone.
A symbol for the government. The people of Oceania either see his as a savior that is there to help them, or a dictator that is brainwashing them into people incapable of human qualities.
"But the face of Big Brother seemed to persist for several seconds on the screen, as though the impact that it had made on everyone's eyeballs were too vivid to wear off immediately. The little sandy-haired woman had flung herself forward over the ack of the chair in front of her. With a tremulous murmur that sounded like "My Savior!" she extended her arms toward the screen." (Orwell 19)
"Big Brother Is Watching You" (Orwell 3)
"The thing that now suddenly struck Winston was that his mother's death, nearly thirty years ago, had been tragic and sorrowful in a way that was no longer possible. Tragedy, he perceived, belonged to the ancient time, to a time when there were still privacy, love, and friendship, and when the members of a family stood by one another without needing to know the reason. His mother's memory tore at his heart because she had died loving him, when he was too young and selfish to lover her in return, and because somehow, he did not remember how, she had sacrificed herself to a conception of loyalty that was private and unalterable." (Orwell 34)
"He never saw his mother again. After he had devoured the chocolate he felt somewhat ashamed of himself and hung about in the streets for several hours, until hunger drove him home. When he came back his mother had disappeared." (Orwell 178)
The technology allows the Party to spy on the people at all times, read their minds, and put them in immense pain by simply turning a knob. It furthers their control over Oceania.
"Nearly all children nowadays were horrible. What was worst of all was that by means of such organizations as the Spies they were systematically turned into ungovernable little savages, and yet this produced in them no tendency whatever to rebel against the discipline of the Party. On the contrary, they adored the Party and everything connected with it." (Orwell 28)
The Party keeps control over the people through manipulation. The workforce is constantly "changing the past" by rewriting documents and historical documents to the Party's liking. The memories become fuzzy or forgotten, allowing the people to believe anything the party tells them.
"And if all others accepted the lie which the Party imposed – if all records told the same tale – then the lie passed into history and became truth. "Who controls the past," ran the Party slogan, "controls the future: who controls the present controls the past." And yet the past, though of its nature alterable, never had been altered. Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. It was quite simple. All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. "Reality control," they called it: in Newspeak, "doublethink." " (Orwell 39)
"And so it was with every class of recorded fact, great or small. Everything faded away into a shadow-world in which, finally, even the date of the year had become uncertain." (Orwell 46)
"Very likely the confessions had been rewritten and rewritten until the original facts and dates no longer had the smallest significance. The past not only changed, but changed continuously. What most afflicted him with the sense of nightmare was that he had never clearly understood why the huge imposture was undertaken. The immediate advantages of falsifying the past were obvious, but the ultimate motive was mysterious. He took up his pen again and wrote:
I understand HOW: I do not understand WHY." (Orwell 88)
"Winston could not definitely remember a time when his country had not been at war, but it was evident that there had been a fairly long interval of peace during his childhood, because one of his early memories was of an air raid, which appeared to take everyone by surprise." (Orwell 36-37)
In the novel, Winston notes the lack of apparent time while he thinks
The constant warfare in the world is to make sure there is not a surplus. The Party could easily make enough for each person to have enough, but the shortages are a means to control the people. Also, war allows people to release their pent up anger and root for their country.
"He sat back. A sense of complete helplessness had descended upon him. To begin with, he wasn't sure that this
1984.' (Orwell, 7)
'He who controls the past controls the future; he who controls the present controls the past.'
'His eyes refocused on the page. He discovered that while sat helplessly musing h had also been writing, as though by automatic action. And it was no longer the same cramped akward handwriting as before. His pen had slid voluptuosly over the smooth paper, printing in large neat capitals -
DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER
DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER
DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER
DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER
DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER'
'But he had not gone six steps down the passage when something hit the back of his neck, an agonizingly painful blow. It was as though a red-hot wire had been jabbed into him. He spun round just in time to see Mrs. Parsons dragging her son back into the doorway while the boy pocketed a catapult.
"Goldstein!" belloweed the
boy as the door closed on him.'
"The primary aim of modern warfare (in accordance with the principles of doublethink, this aim is simultaneously recognized a not recognized by the directing brains of the Inner Party) is to use up the products of the machine without raising the general standard of living." (Orwell 205)
The Brotherhood, an underground organization founded by the infamous Goldstein, is a constant enemy of Big Brother and constantly plots to overthrow him.
Goldstein's book, the symbol of the brotherhood, is how the knowledge of the revolution was spread from person to person.
The party shows the totalitarian authority of those in power. They control everyone: they are the personification of Big Brother.
"The one he gives you will contain a copy of Goldstein's book"(Orwell,193)
'it might be twenty-four hours since he had eaten, it might be thirty-six. He still did not know, whether it had been morning or evening when they arrested him.' (Orwell, 224)
"Big Brother Is Watching You." (Orwell 3)
"Thoughtcrime is death." (Orwell 32)
The Four Ministries are the parts of the government party.
"The ministry of Truth, which concerned itself with news, entertainment, education, and the fine arts; the Ministry of Peace, which concerned itself with war; the Ministry of Love which maintained law and order; and the Ministry of Plenty, which was responsible for economic affairs."(Orwell,6)
"You will never learn much more about the Brotherhood than that it exists and that you belong to it. "(Orwell 187)
"to do anything which is likely to cause demoralization and weaken the power of the Party" (Orwell 188)
"it was their final, most essential command"(Orwell,89)
"At this moment... Oceania was at war with Eurasia and in alliance with Eastasia. In no public or private utterance was it ever admitted that the three powers had at any time been grouped along different lines. Actually, as Winston well knew, it was only four years since Oceania had been at war with Eastasia and in alliance with Eurasia. But that was merely a piece of furtive knowledge, which he happened to possess because his memory was not satisfactorily under control. Officially the change of partners had never happened. Oceania was at war with Eurasia: therefore Oceania had always been at war with Eurasia." (Orwell 38)
"Suddenly the whole street was in commotion. There were yells of warning from all sides. People were shooting into the doorways like rabbits. A young woman leapt out of a doorway a little ahead of Winston, grabbed up a tiny child playing in a puddle, whipped her apron round it, and leapt back again, all in one movement. At the same instant a man in a concertina-like black suit, who had emerged from a side alley, ran towards Winston, pointing excitedly to the sky. "Steamer!" he yelled. "Look out, guv'nor! Bang over’ead! Lay down quick!" "Steamer" was a nickname which, for some reason, the proles applied to rocket bombs." (Orwell 92-93)
The force of it seemed almost to knock him clear of the floor. His body was flung across the cell and fetched up against the base of the lavatory seat. For a moment he lay as though stunned, with dark blood oozing from his mouth and nose. (Orwell 260)
How many times he had been beaten, how long the beatings had continued, he could not remember. Always there were five or six men in black uniforms at him simultaneously. Sometimes it was fists, sometimes it was truncheons, sometimes it was steel rods, and sometimes it was boots. (Orwell 263)
"Without any warning except a slight movement of O'Brien's hand, a wave of pain flooded his body. It was a frightening pain, because he could not see what was happening, and he had the feeling that some mortal injury was being done to him." (Orwell 268)
The Party only sees loyalty as being a positive thing when it's loyalty to Big Brother. Private loyalties, such as loyalties to family or friends, are seen as threats and aren't allowed.
"It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away." (Orwell 69)
Language, the way it is made, how it is spoke, or how it is changed, affects the country in which the language exists.
"The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death, or at least by twenty-five years in a forced -labor camp." (Orwell 9)
Though nothing is technically "illegal" in Oceania, people are restricted from doing certain actions or else they will suffer from harsh punishments. If there is a huge consequence, people will cease to do what an opposing force does not like.
"You are afraid," said O'Brien, watching his face, "that in another moment something is going to break. Your especial fear is that it will be your backbone. You have a vivid mental picture of the vertebrae snapping apart and the spinal fluid dripping out of them. That is what you are thinking, is it not, Winston?"" (Orwell 268)
"He obeyed the Party, but he still hated the Party. In the old days he had hidden a heretical mind beneath an appearance of conformity. Now he had retreated a step further: in the mind he had surrendered, but he had hoped to keep the inner heart inviolate. He knew that he was in the wrong, but he preferred to be in the wrong." (Orwell 307)
"It is one of those interesting words that have two contradictory meanings. Applied to and opponent, it is abuse; applied to someone you agree with, it is praise." (Orwell 60)
Violence is often seen as a key factor in making people obey what one wants. Since violence coincides with fear, people are often afraid of pain. People use this to their advantage and manipulate people into getting what they want through violence.
"Do you know that Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year?" (Orwell 58)
"Sexual intercourse was to be looked on as a slightly disgusting minor operation, like having an enema. This again was never put into plain words, but in an indirect way it was rubbed into every Party member from childhood onwards. There were even organizations such as the Junior, Anti-Sex League, which advocated complete celibacy for both sexes... The Party was trying to kill the sex instinct, or, if it could not be killed, then to distort it and dirty it." (Orwell 73)
"From the age of uniformity, from the age of solitude, from the age of Big Brother, from the age of double think--greetings." (Orwell 32)
"War is peace, Freedom is slavery, Ignorance is strength." (Orwell 30)
"Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past." (Orwell 39)
"Until the become conscious they will never rebel, and until after the have rebelled they cannot become conscious." (Orwell 78)
"Two gin-scented tears trickled down the sides of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother." (Orwell 326)
"Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. if that is granted, all else follows." (Orwell 90)
"Proles, it suddenly occurred to him, had remained in this condition. They were not loyal to a party or a country or an idea, they were loyal to one another... The proles had stayed human. They had not become hardened inside." (Orwell
who had never existed
in the present, now existed in the past,and once the act of forgery was forgotten, he would exist just as authentically, adn upon the same evidence, as Charlemagne or Julius Caeser" (Orwell 53)
"Winston had disliked her from the very first moment of seeing her. He knew the reason. It was because of the atmosphere of hockey-fields and cold baths and community hikes and general clean-mindedness which she managed to carry about with her. He disliked nearly all women, and especially the young and pretty ones." (Orwell 12)
"It's a beautiful thing, the Destruction of words. Of course the great wastage is in the verbs and adjectives, but there are hundreds of nouns that can be got rid of as well. It isn't only the synonyms; there are also the antonyms. After all, what justification is there for a word, which is simply the opposite of some other word? A word contains its opposite in itself." (Orwell 57)
Sometimes, sex is just sex. However, in 1984, sex wasn't just sex. It was a form of rebellion, since the government denounced sex as disgusting and only for making new little Party members to be brainwashed. Winston and Julia used sex for pleasure, where doing anything for pleasure that was not strictly for the betterment of the Party can lead to someone being vaporized.