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EDWARD HOPPER

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Alice Pouillevet

on 6 June 2014

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Transcript of EDWARD HOPPER

"An artistic movement that aims to represent the world and human beings the way they really are"
Self-portrait of an artist from the realism
Problematic and plan
If I could say it in words,
there would be no reason to paint
REALISM
EDWARD HOPPER
How did he become the artist we know nowadays and how did he become both a reference and a source of inspiration in the sphere of art ?
Self portrait
(1906)
$1.25
Friday, June 5, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
FEEDBACK ON HIS LIFECOURSE
Centre de la Vieille Charité - Marseille
EXHIBITION "VISAGES"
EDWARD HOPPER
Self portrait
(1926)
End of violence feat. Nighthawks
WIM WENDERS
ROMANTISM
REALISM
IMPRESSIONISM
1770
1836
1860
1880
1840
End of the XIX century
THE SUBJECT

I - Biography

II - The realistic movement

III - Hopper : a source of inspiration
MARCH, 19th

1) Visages de la société
2) Visages de l’intimité
3) Visages de l’esprit
The exhibition was divided into 3 themes :
EDWARD HOPPER
LAETICIA MOLENAAR
An opportunity and a big help
THE LIBRARY
BU Lyon III
Part Dieu
For the advices
from the librarian
For open rooms and
flexible schedule
But that we tried to overcome
DIFFICULTIES MET
To write a report in English

To gather information about books instead of the Internet

To select information and artists that were linked directly to Hopper
Married Josephine Nivision
Recognition
Birth in Nyack, NY
His beginning - The emergence of an artist
New York School of Arts
Worked as an illustrator
Visited Europe
WHAT INLUENCED HIM
Met for the first time impressionism in Paris,
a change in his painting.
His trips
Impressionism
Daily life of middle class
Hopper,
Soir bleu
(1914)
Hopper,
Gloucester Harbor
(1912)
Practiced etching from 1915 to 1923

The importance of empty spaces and shadows-lights contrasts
Hopper,
House tops
(1921)
The different form of the realism
THE ORIGIN OF THE REALISTIC MOVEMENT
Definition
Eakins,
The Gross Clinic
(1875)

“Search for an exact likeness of the model. Attitude of the one who takes account of the reality and who estimates it with currency”
Le Petit Robert
An historian Edward Lucie Smith distinguishes two forms of Realism:
- The Realism of Conception

- The Realism of Perception
Courbet,
Bonjour Monsieur Courbet
(1854)

THE AMERICAN REALISM
Hopper, one of the best american realist artist
HOPPER AND THE LITTERATURE
Meursault :
- not feel ill at ease in his society
- isolated from others/does not want to build relationships with others.
- stays in detachment

The Outsider from Albert Camus
Hopper’s characters are as Meursault's :
- waiting for something
- they seem disembodied and frozen in banal scenery
- no gesture of tenderness or love between couples
Hopper,
Conference at a Night
(1949)
The Pop Art
WHAT HE HAS INLUENCED
Cinema
Inspired by popular culture

Showcases new products of consumer society to question or mock

Promotion of objects from the daily life
Example of the photographer Laeticia Molenaar
Hopper,
Gas
(1940)
Name of her project : "Here Come the Sun"
"Laeticia Molenaar recreated miniature cardboard sets before photographing his models with a strong light source. The final step was to gather everything"
NIGHTHAWKS
Analysis of a work of art covered by many artists
1906
1882
1900
Death
1967
1933
1920
First exhibit at Whitney Club
1910

1926
1923
Fuels of pumps -> Daily life
The row --> Serigraphy
To outpace the subject
DEBATE

Which elements does one find in Edward Hopper from the impressionism ?

In what does Hopper paint the Modernity ?

According to Claude Greenberg, Hopper is a bad painter but a major artist of the XXth century, what do you think about it ?
Hopper,
House by the Railroad
(1925)
Norman Bates's house
HITCHCOCK
Psycho
(1960)

Rear window
(1954)
Best witness of a stolen intimacy

Hitchcock re-appropriates the hopperienne obsession of the outside glance

Solitude - Indifference - Nudity
We hope you enjoyed it
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
CONCLUSION
To put it in a nutshell
Fletcher Martin,
Mine Rescue
(1939)
Charles Burchfield,
The Promenade
(1928)
Hopper,
House by the Railroad
(1925)
The Promenade
by Charles Burchfield can be compared with
The Railroad
by Hopper
Hotel Lobby
can be assimilated with the painting
Two on the aisle
, both by Hopper
This Hopper’s paintings is considered as the first painting where Hopper manifests his style and his maturity.

Hopper,
Hotel Hobby
(1943)
Hopper, Two on the aisle (1927)
INTEREST
Of the subject
Comparison and distinction with his forefathers
THE USE OF THE NIGHT
THE MEDIATIVE MOOD OF HIS CHARACTERS
THE LINK BETWEEN
THE CHARACTERS
THE PASSER-BY POINT OF VIEW
INFLUCENCE AND USE OF THE COLOR
A source of inspiration
Rick Veith,
Army @ Love
Banksy,
Are you using that chair ?
(2001)
“Whom did I meet? Nobody. I'd heard of Gertrude Stein, but I don't remember having heard of Picasso at all. I used to go to the cafés at night and sit and watch. I went to the theatre a little. Paris had no great or immediate impact on me.”

Edward Hopper
Van Gogh,
Le café de nuit
(1888)
Caillebote,
Rue de Paris, temps de pluie
(1877)
Manet,
Au café
(1878)
Degas,
Femme à la terrasse d'un café le soir
(1877)
Hopper,
Pennsylvania Coal Town
(1947)
mechanization

train

pioneers rural world disappearance
HIS LEITMOTIV
Hopper,
Notre Dame de Paris
(1907)
WIM WENDERS

Hopper,
Jo Painting
(1936)
Hopper emancipates himself from his European influences to become the painter of an American reality, his paintings allow one another to find their own interpretation that usually go from melancholy to nostalgia.
improve our art knowledge

discover an interesting artist

learn how to analyze paintings
(because we did).
Full transcript