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Pascal vs Descartes

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by

Chris Rodieck

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Pascal vs Descartes

By: Sarah Sheffield and Chris Rodieck Blaise Pascal vs Rene Descartes Blaise Pascal The Wager- rational decision leads to faith in God because of the return payoff

Weakness of human reason leads to skepticism

two ways to "truth" are reason and heart

Ultimate knowledge is based on faith

Human condition is hopeless

Scientific knowledge cannot provide happiness Beliefs: Religious-
He was able to establish a connection between faith and science.
Influenced nonbelievers that faith would payoff in the end.
Author of Pensees and Les Provinciales Impacts: Known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy"
Broke with Scholastic-Aristotelian philsophy: Rene Descarte Developed logic that made skepticism essential to proving anything

Gave proof for a separate mind and a body

Received Catholic support for strengthening their teachings in God Impacts: Born June 19, 1623 in Clermont, France

Child prodegy was raised and educated by his father

Converted to Jansenism at age 22

his health always suffered and he died on August 19, 1662 at age 39

invented first calculator, barometric pressure, geometry, number theory, and probability 10 categories of BeingSubstance, quantity, quality, relation, action, passion, location, posture, temporality, state Found Scholastic thought to be prone to doubt because of its reliance on sensation Later proved existence of separate body and mind Hyperbolic Doubt - consider false anything that falls pray to any doubt
Finds it impossible to doubt "I exist" proving his own being and from his own existence he proves the existence of God Works Cited: http://www.iep.utm.edu/descarte/

http://people.wku.edu/jan.garrett/120/descartes_and_dualism.htm

http://people.wku.edu/jan.garrett/120/descartes_and_dualism.htm Descartes French
Believed in existance of God
Skeptics
Supported by Catholic Church Pascal Supported science and reasoning
True knowledge comes from what can be proven without any doubt
God exists by logic alone
Mind and body are seperate Societal-
His work and experiments furthered understanding in mathematics, physics, and other fields
Helped scientific thinking move from deductive to experimental methods
Influenced later philosophy http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl201/modules/Philosophers/Pascal/pascal_dogma.html

http://philosophy.fullcoll.edu/resources/profiles/pascal.pdf

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pascal/ Science is merely hypothetical and can yield no true results
True knowledge is gained from faith in God and divine revelation
Faith in God's existence will be rewarded
mind and body are connected
empirical approach to scientific knowledge
Full transcript