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Cell Analogy

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by

Ashlee HB

on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of Cell Analogy

Cell Analogy: The Human Body
The Nucleus
The nucleus is like the brain in a human body. Your brain controls everything you do with your body. The nucleus controls the cell and everything it does. The brain and the nucleus both act like the control center.
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane is like skin on the human body. Cell membrane is the outer wall of the cell and it controls the movement of waste and nutrients in and out of the cell. Your skin is also the outer wall of your body. Also, for example, your skin soaks up vitamin D into your body which is similar to the cell membrane with nutrients.
Vacuole
The vacuole is like the
Cytoplasm
The cytoplasm is like the stomach. The cytoplasm stores waste and allows materials to be transported between structures in a cell. In your body, the stomach stores food until it can be moved to the intestines. Both the cytoplasm and the stomach are responsible for storing things until they are moved.
Mitochondria
The mitochondria is like the lungs. In the cell, the mitochondria releases energy and oxygen to form carbon dioxide. The lungs breathe in air and breathe out carbon dioxide. The oxygen from the lungs is used in most parts of the body just like the mitochondria.
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
The endoplasmic reticulum is similar to your red blood cells. The endoplasmic reticulum carry materials through the cytoplasm. Your red bloods cells carry oxygen throughout your body. They both have the job of transporting materials.
Ribosomes
The ribosomes are like your liver. Proteins from the cytoplasm (stomach) are put on ribosomes. The proteins are needed for cell growth, repair and reproduction. The liver helps your stomach break down food and helps your body fight diseases. Both the ribosomes and the liver are used to repair your body and help the stomach
Golgi Apparatus
The Golgi Apparatus is like your intestines. The Golgi Apparatus stores proteins and the carries the to the surface of the cell. The intestines carry your food, after your stomach breaks it down, to a different part of your body. Both carry materials so they can leave your body.
Chromosomes
Chromosomes are like the Cerebrum part of your brain. In a cell, chromosomes holds genetic information, has the 'construction plan' for the cell and is in the nucleus. The Cerebrum is a part in your brain. It has the functions of thought and action. Both the chromosomes and the Cerebrum control what is done.
Lysosomes
The lysosomes are like your immune system. The lysosmes contain proteins to break down large molecules. They are used to kill invading organisms. Your immune system fights disease in your body. The invading organisms in the cell are like diseases in your body. Both are responsible for protecting your body.
Brain/Nucleus
Cerebrum/Chromosomes
Stomach/Cytoplasm
Lungs/Mitochondria
Red blood cells/Endoplasmic Reticulum
Liver/Ribosomes
Intestines/Golgi Apparatus
By Ashlee Heipel-Bolger
Full transcript