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HAD - Gustav Klimt

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Michelle Lim

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of HAD - Gustav Klimt

Invention and variety of styles
Influence on the art period
Fun Facts about Gustav Klimt
Background of Gustav Klimt
Training and Early Works
Klimt took 3 years to complete an art piece named, "Adele Bloch-Bauer", was sold later at 2006 for $135 million.
Long before "Dress down Friday", Klimt wore no underpants while painting
He often used prostitutes for models, and in 2003 his masterpiece, Landhaus am Attersee, sold for $29,128,000

The Klimt's family was poor as work was scarce in the early years of the Habsburg Empire, especially for immigrants, due in large part to the 1873 stock market crash
Between 1862 and 1884, the Klimt family moved frequently, living at no fewer than five different addresses, always seeking cheaper housing
At an early age, Klimt and his two brothers Ernst and Georg displayed obvious artistic gifts as draftsmen, painters and craftsmen
Gustav, however, was
singled out
by his instructors as an exceptional draftsman while attending secondary school
October 1876, at the age of 14, he passed the the entrance exam for Kunstgewerbeschule, the Viennese School
Intended to become a
drawing master
and take a
teaching position
at the school he attended
Training and Early works
Began his formal training in Vienna
at a time known as the Ringstrasse Era, when the city was undergoing massive change
In 1879, at the age of 17, Gustav and Matsch were highly regarded by their teachers

Good enough to recommend them for
paid work outside school
Led to the imperial commission of 1886 to paint the staircase of the newly built Burgtheatre
Painter of primarily oil on canvas, sometimes using gold leafing
Used many yellows, golds, browns, and greens in his works; spirals, swirls, and phallic designs were used frequently throughout
Klimt often painted with themes of the female body, and was influenced by an eccentric range of artists, movements, and cultures to attain his distinctive style
As Klimt dealt with the loss of his father and brother, his personal style of painting began to change
No longer did he want to paint straight-forward, historical pictures
He wanted to explore themes of psychology and he wanted to paint pictures of women
He was very interested in the female body
The artists in the Vienna Secession movement had styles and inspirations that was premeditated in an attempt to break free from stylistic constraints
The essence of this spirit is best captured in a phrase inscribed above the entrance to the Secession Building in Vienna:
"To every age its art. To art its freedom"
"The Kiss" was
not approved
by the Viennese society, due to its nonconformity and he was scandalized by his sensual, nude, and erotic paintings
To the extent that the
Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph II disliked
his secession works and those of his Secessionists associates
Fortunately, the scandals only served to
heighten Klimt's international recognition
, if not his notoriety
The Art Nouveau was a new stream of art, in which decorative and
graphic lines
, clear and bright colours, two-dimensional forms and elements of decoration were pursued
It was an avant-garde stream of art with the perspective of a return to nature, influenced by Japanese art, and is regarded as a form of
unity between life and Art
Bösendorfer - World's oldest piano manufacturer
The Klimt Model was made in dedication to Gustav Klimt for his 150th Anniversary of his birth.
Their craftsmen applied additional elements of real gold leaf
What changed?
Death of Klimt's father and brother
Byzantine art features two dimensional portraiture often of mythical and religious scenes. However the art of Klimt is often described as erotic, composed of female figures
Influence could also come from Klimt's family where his father and brother were gold engravers
Byzantine art consists of mosaic patterns and ornaments, jewels colours and gold
Water Serpents II
Life and Death
Stoclet Frieze Collection 1905
Tree of Life
Pallas Athene: Eyes of a Goddess
Gustav Klimt's "Golden Phrase" - use of gold/silver leafing
His Influences on his art pieces
Byzantine Influence
Japanese Influence
Greek Influence
Dreamlike States
Japanese Influence
Greek Influence
Dreamlike States
Byzantine Influence
From 1892 onward, Klimt became increasingly inspired by Symbolism,
(a European cultural movement that valued visual suggestion and the depiction of dreams and desires rather than unambiguous reality)
In his later work forms became blurred and slightly mysterious
A key influence on the Secession's aesthetic was Symbolism and it advocated the representation of ideas, dreams and states of mind.
This influence manifested itself in Klimt's work in a dreamlike atmosphere, elegant stylization, and an all-pervading eroticism
The Vienna Secession was founded on 3rd April 1897 by Gustav Klimt, Josef Hoffmann and other artists
did not
set out to
encourage any particular style

Identify themselves as
modern and different
, and wanted an exhibition hall that reflect this modernity and break away drastically from the rigidity of Vienna's long standing Academic taste
Cherished high quality craftsmanship and they were influenced by the
Arts and Crafts movement's philosophy
The Vienna Secession
Oskar Kokoschka
Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980) was a painter, printmaker and writer who forged an expressive style that sought to
convey emotion and humanistic ideals
Koko attended the Kunstgewerbeschule (School of Applied Arts) In Vienna
The school was
heavily influenced
by the teachings of Gustav Klimt and his followers who had broken away from the Vienna Secession in 1905 to form the Klimt Group
Klimt's influence on Kokoschka's early work was significant, and he even helped the young artist exhibit The Dreaming Youths at the Kunstschau, a major avant-garde show held in the summer of 1908
In recognition of Klimt's formative influence on his work, Kokoschka dedicated The Dreaming Youths to Klimt in admiration
Egon Schiele (1890 - 1918) was an Austrian painter. A student of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century
Both share a
certain anxiety and preoccupation with the erotic
, yet Klimt's work is
formally ordered
while Schiele's work is
unforgiving in its brutality
Schiele's earliest works between 1907 and 1909 contain strong similarities with those of Klimt, as well as influences from Art Nouveau
In 1910, Schiele began experimenting with nudes and within a year a definitive style
featuring emaciated, sickly-coloured figures, often with strong sexual overtones
, shows how Klimt's erotic paintings of women had influenced Egon Schiele
Egon Schiele
"an expressive style that sought to convey emotion and humanistic ideals"
This painting was the sample for the book published by Gerlach & Schenk in Vienna under the name Allegorie und Emblem - Allegory & Emblem
Trainings and Early Works
Training and Early Works
In 1886: The first imperial commission - the decoration of the staircases in this Burgtheater, brought the Klimt brothers and Matsch praise, recognition and fortune
The work lasted two whole years, from 1886 to 1888, and the Klimt sisters and the artists themselves acted as models
He also won the imperial prize for his work at the old Burgtheater in 1890
Klimt was developing an increasingly linear and planar mode of representation, inspired by the linearity and raw power of Greek vase painting and Japanese woodcuts
The Vienna Secession's symbol was Pallas Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and the arts
He fathered 14 children
The Kiss
1907 - 1908
"All art is erotic"
The Magic of Line:
Gustav Klimt's Artistic Process
The book was as defined by historism a collection of samples concerning the form vocabulary. Fable is one of Klimt's earliest self-contained paintings
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