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Halloween

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by

Paige Olinger

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Halloween

The History of Halloween
Background:
Halloween originated with Samhain, an ancient Celtic celebration, which occurred on October 31st. Samhain marked the beginning of the cold and bleak part of the year, and because of this, the holiday was associated with death. The Catholic Church later took this celebration and made it a religious one, renaming it All Hallows Eve since it was on the eve of All Saints' Day.

Trick or Treating:
Trick or treating has been around for less than a hundred years.
Trick-or-Treating is the most widely recognized tradition.
Comes to us from the Middle, or Dark Ages, -in Europe- when the Catholic church approved the act of "souling". This event was devised so that beggars could go around asking for food, usually barley or oat cakes, in exchange for prayers.
Trick-or-Treating
The central date of the rituals that herald the beginning of winter is the 1st of November, called All Saints Day or All Hallows Day. The following day is All Souls Day and the 31st of October is All Hallows Eve - shortened to Hallowe'en (that is, the evening before All Hallows Day).
The practice of souling - going from door to door on or about All Souls Day to solicit gifts of food in return for prayers for the dead - evolved from a pagan ritual that was practiced all over Europe, possibly as early as the 10th century.
Trick-or-treating
The earliest known citation of trick or treat in print is from an item in the Oregon newspaper The Oregon Journal, 1st November 1934, headed 'Halloween Pranks Keep Police on Hop'
The tradition has altered so that it is now children, usually dressed in disguise, who go about asking for gifts around the beginning of November.
Trick or treating spread across the USA in the 1930s and is cited then in newspapers from many states; for example, the Indiana paper The Vidette-Messenger, October 30th 1937
The History of Halloween
Many of the early references to trick or treating feature 'what's the world coming too' type comments by outraged residents and police.
A reason for the international spread of Halloween is partly due to the migration of US families and partly to the cultural dominance of the USA
Trick-or-Treating
Many of the early references to trick or treating feature 'what's the world coming to' type comments by outraged residents and police.
A reason for the international spread is partly due to the migration of US families and partly to the cultural dominance of the USA
Halloween Crime
Halloween Crime
Many people say very little crime is committed on Halloween.
Some say otherwise......
IN, 1974, IN DEER PARK TEXAS, TIMOTHY O'BRYAN CHOSE TO EAT A PIXY STIK AFTER HIS LONG NIGHT OF TRICK-OR-TREATING. AFTER EATING THE PIXY STICK TIMOTHY BEGAN CONVULSING AND DIED AFTER BEING RUSHED TO THE HOSPITAL. THE PERPETATOR? RONALD O'BRYAN, THE FATHER OF TIMOTHY, WAS HOPING TO CASH INTO THE LIFE INSURANCE FROM HIS KIDS BY POISONING THEIR CANDY WITH CYANIDE.
1964, in New York, a woman passed out dog biscuits, ant poison, and steel wool to children she thought were too old to be trick-or-treating. She said "I was not doing it to the kids, but only to the older kids that were coming by for candy that didn't deserve it".
Vandalism is the most common crime committed on Halloween closely followed by robbery being noted that houses being broken into are houses that have their lights off.
Considering all of this, crime rate, including kidnapping, does not increase on Halloween.
History of the Jack-o-Lantern
The practice originated from an Irish myth about a man nicknamed "Stingy Jack."
Stingy Jack invited the Devil to have a drink with him. True to his name, Stingy Jack didn't want to pay for his drink, so he convinced the Devil to turn himself into a coin that Jack could use to buy their drinks. Once the Devil did so, Jack decided to keep the money and put it into his pocket next to a silver cross, which prevented the Devil from changing back into his original form.
Because of this neither God, not the Devil wanted him in heaven or Hell, so Jack was forced to roam the earth with only a burning coal inside a turnip to lite the way.
Celebrations of carving faces into the turnip are said to scare away "Stingy Jack".
However when the Irish started migrating to the United Stated in the 19th Century they found Pumpkins more abundant
History of The Costume
The costume was firmly established by 1952, when Walt Disney portrayed it in the cartoon Trick-or-Treat.
Many, many years ago, in times past, adults began dressing in elaborate costumes for Halloween parties, also known as Masquerade parties, long before it became an annual event for children.
Dressing up in Halloween costumes is a recent tradition that developed in the twentieth century.
The first store bought Halloween costumes were not available before the 1930's.
Halloween in Scotland is recorded in 1895, where masqueraders in disguise carrying lanterns made out of scooped out turnips, visit homes to be rewarded with cakes, fruit and money.
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