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Transcript of I SPY
English novelist, author, short story writer, playwright and journalist regarded as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century
Berkhamsted School in Hertfordshire
unhappy at school and made suicide attempts
bipolar depressive disorder
life’s moral ambiguities in the context of contemporary political settings
never win the Nobel Prize
while at Oxford he met with MI-6 (Secret intelligence service of England)and worked for British Intelligence
travelled a lot and that led to his being recruited into MI6 by his sister
his supervisor and friend turned out to be a Soviet agent
hired to worked Ireland, French occupied Germany and west Africa
his experiences in espionage inspired several of his novels ;The Ministry of fear, Our man in Havana and The Human Factor
written by Graham Greene
His writing career
HENRY GRAHAM GREENE
About "I spy"
Theme: How the main character Charlie Stowe was trying to steal cigarettes from his father’s shop to prove his classmates that he was not a little boy.
All children will experience a loss of innocence one day.
Place: At home,near the sea. (somewhere around the Norwich)
Time:midnight. (During the WWI)
Main Characters:Charlie Stowe and his father.
The characters aren't described directly.
The time and place are kept unclear.
During the reading process as a reader we step by step find out more about the characters,time and setting.
The narrator uses foreshadowing, but she doesn’t tell us exactly what will occur later in the story. Instead, she uses hints to suggest the coming events and how the mood will be.
by describing Charlie’s waiting and fears the narrator builds suspense
The story is told by an omniscient third-person narrator
student at the Country School
has passionate love to his mother
has vague relationship with his father
(First he says he didn't love his father then he feels sympathy to his father because he is very much like him.)
bullied by his friends because his father has a tobacconist shop but he has never smoked before.
the conflict is that he wants to be brave but he is quite afraid of the situation.
Time mentioned in the short story is during the war however the story was written in 1930.
The world tried to heal the wounds of the WWI. There were many internal conflicts and wars around the world
However the most important thing during this period was the rise of nazism.
There were some unviolent movements; Gandhi leads the non-violent Satyagraha movement in the Declaration of the Independence of India.
About I Spy
Charlie's father and mother
Exposition:The story begins with the description of the setting.
Rising action:Charlie made his decisions and crept down the stairs into the shop.
Climax:He heard the voice of several men walking rapidly and the footsteps came nearer.
Falling action:He found out that it was his father.
Resolution:He felt sympathy to his father and his feelings completely changed.
Both external and internal conflict
Curiosity is the mood of the short story to me.
The main character experiences an epiphany and he identified himself with his father. (Line 100 "his father was very like himself")
crossed the border of being the young insecure child into becoming a more secure person who is now one step closer to being an adult.
The wooden stairs could symbolize a change; when Charlie went down the stairs he was going away from the childhood and the security and when going up the stairs to his mother, he has gone through a personal development in the direction of being more self-confident and bold.
Zeppelin, Huns (English word for Germans), dear queen, searchlights, enemy airhips
There are incomplete proverbs; May as well be hung for a sheep(Line50)
over two dozen novels
four collections of short stories
four volumes of travel writing
contributed over 400 reviews
Some of his works;
The Tenth Man (1985)
The Last Word (1990) (short stories.
The Man Within (début – 1929)
Stamboul Train (1932) (also published as Orient Express in the U.S.)
It's a Battlefield (1934)
Graham Greene's writing style and Morality as a subject
Evelyn Waugh in Commonweal as "not a specifically literary style at all."
Richard Jones wrote in the Virginia Quarterly Review that "nothing deflects Greene from the main business of holding the reader's attention."
"His sentences are lean, lucid, free of the “beastly” adverb, as well as of authorial comment and moral judgment. He is hard to quote, not being epigrammatic...." (The economist)
Greene himself weaves in an underlying religious theme and he criticized modernist writers for creating characters that appear soulless, dull and rather superficial; like ‘cardboard symbols’, only because the writers had moved away from ‘religious themes’.
Owns the tobacconist shop
Push Charlie away from him and
has no contact with his son.
unreal to Charlie
Charlie feels a passionate demonstrative love
means the world to Charlie
takes care of her son